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the imperative, necessity of dedicating a considerabie portion of their pronnd to tbe culture of Indian Com—the green leares of this plant along rith the dower are very nutritive-the taking them off afer flowering does not injure the quality nor reduce the quantity of the grain lo be produced, on the con. trary it would seem the juices Aowing to the leares and flower concepirale them. selves towards the cob, giving it an encreased developedient, ike quantity of leares produced is so great that they cannot be cousumed immediately, the extra portion therefore should be dryed-ibis descriptiou of bay is so valuable as to form the sole food of caule in other countries during six months in the year, when the oxen are daily ploughing three quarters of an acre of Jand with Irou ploughs or dragging a heavy load fifteen piles] he addition of a feed or two of the coru itse!f daily at other periods, will keep tbem in condition for any work that can be required from them. Thus it becomes of the most paramount importance to pay attention to stock lands, and still further is it interesting because the manure produced by the cattle is more important econou ically speaþing, than any, extra expense that may be incurred by keeping them in condition. On the point of manure for sagar leud in this colony, I am aware it has been objected to an expensive, and that the idea of doing no more than out-cropping ibe spil hus been prevelent; the consequences of this latal error are 80 obrious us scarcely to perunit them to. he discussed-it arises in a certain extent from the great number of acres constituting an estate, which gives the proprietor the opportunity of suringwill work oul 200 acres and whep that is exhausted, there is plenit more to fall þuck, upon! and pot ovly is it said, but it is contra plated to carry it into etlecielt would be mucb to the interest of the Planter to create & permanent estate-be would idus keep his land in order, the buildings and improvements in machinery and apparatus wight be drade complelor which would not be the case were it necessary to pull domy and build up agaiu in order to get pear nut-lying fields, or if the buildings remained staiionary it would become no small item of expence to cart two or three thousand tuus of canes, two or three miles.--Hitherto phen lạnd has been taken iv inr çanes, nothing more than opening # irench in the hard ground ayd putting in the plapts has been done; as I have before reunarked the prodụctiveness of the soil is extraordinary and everything that can be expected and more than ougbt to be expected is produced ; the capes are cut twelvemonths afterwards, the trash remains on the field and no attention is paid to the ground for some time, when at last a tardy raķing together of the trash takes place, in the meantime unts, vermin of erery description luxuriutin this refuse, deposit their progeny or "kgs, mund the first food they find is composed of the nascent shoots of the rattoons; the plant is thuis left to the tender mercies of every thing that can poasiuly be injurious to it, whilst it is struggling to fore its way through a trampled surface and endeavouring to deriva Dourishment from a soil hard as # brick, and the same system continued. until the lapse of threo or four years finds an unprodnctire stole, whilst bad culturo been empinyod, these very stoles pould bave continued to produce canes of an average crop for ten years at least-It must howerer be ackpow'. lodged ja this place, that experiments only have been made and the evder. Tour to produce canes at the lowest possible cost seems to have guides these esperiments--and it is a matter of pronder only explained by the extreme fertility of the soil that the results have been so highly satisfactory--but how jufivitely more sp would they have been bad the plouga, the boe and the manure been made ase af in order to do the justice accorded to every crop in every part of tbe world I have no doubt but that Buffaloes may be trained to the plnugin – the Elephant is not suited to this work and the Island cattle are too small, it would be a great desideratudI in gel up a stock of Cape cuttie and the experiment is well worthy of trial-they ought however to be yoked by the heads as in the South of France and in all the Peninsula--the ani. mal has one-third more power with this yoke than when drawing from the neck or from the collar, for not only is his whole weigbı arplied to the loadą but the immense muscular power of the neck is exerted to overcome any obstacle--Wbenerer practiouble, the plough should be used—the saring is rerý gtuat and the work done infinitely more efficient than cau be the case with the miserable tools in, use in the Island called Mamonties- the real caue hor should have & surface at least as large as a good sized gærdeu spade and the eye should be so constructed as to permit the haft to be set towards it with an angle of 45 degrees by which means the line described as the work. man when swinging the hor from above bis bead will aş yearly as possible coincide with the position of the hoe-blade wben it reaches the ground and it will necessarily enter with facility ar in other words the complete effect of ibe instrument trill be produced ; with such a 100) 29 wey can trench an acro of land 18 inches deep in a common, working day-With the mamootie set pearly at right angles to the haft, fully noe half of the effect of the stroke is lost in consequence of the line of the tual upon striking the ground di. verging from the line of sweep in which it has been directed-Some çery good tools for stiff laud are crescent shaped in the cutting ed:ge, forming ? sort of prong op each side-these instra:nents are very effective.

In the preparation of the soil I would recommend all land. 2o be broken up. conpletely in October or November, and irevched up at least fo feel, high, il may remain in this state until the rains have terminated which may be supposed to occur towards the end of the year, and when it still retains sufficient moiature to render it easily worked, it should be broken up 10 plonghings, one Aoruss the other, a month later it way.bu.slured again and in the planting season me plougbing and harrowing should be given, a double breasted plougla may theo be run through it to form the whole lines, or two turns of a single breasted plough will answer the sanie purpose, various opinions are naiptained rospecting the widih vi truuch and banki, many giving him each three and eren four feet. I am inclined 10 prefer the greater distapre from the contes pienee it affords for ploughing and manaring and cleaning, the holes are made with the lion 15 inches in leukth, and 10 or 12 widle in the bottom of the furrow made by the plough and at a distance of three feet interval and one two or three or more plants are placed parallel to each other in these holes and mored with about an inch depth of soil, the ougber of plants being re., gulated by the quality of the soil. Upon planting, so much has been so wellwiuen it is not necessary to dwell further; if the weather continue dry when the shoots are right or ten inches high it will be adrisable to irrigate : but not unless the soil in the immediate neighbourhood of the plant be oba viously losing its moisture-- Feeding should be performed now : care being taken to work only when the land is not wet or pasty or on the contrary bard and clodds--all work doue at such periods being useless and injurious, the weeding and grada al earthing up of the plants may be proceeded with as occasion requirez. I am not aware is October or the preceeding month be, so dry as lo require irrigation, this will be ascertained when the period ara, rives, and before iben the constant earthing up will have left a treuch between the rows of caned through which the water is conducted and damined for four, five or six hours according to the absorbent qualities of the soil. When the land ge is dry in January ibon irrigation must be prooeded with at inter, vala of thirty days or less, if necessary, but cure qust be taken that no pe. riod less than thirty days musi elapse between the last irrigation and the grinding, otherwise the juics will not bo vf the proper specific gravity-as soon as possible after the cane is cut unii carried off, the irasb must be raked, into smail Weaps and buruer on the field and the plougb set to work between the mws, and again across the iniervals, manure at the rate of 30 or 40 loads per acre should then be thrown into the furrows and hoed in by band, which operation at the same time loosens the soil around the stoles and enables them to push out new, shouts and roots with all facility, pretty vearly the same operatious must be . practised as during the preceding year and so on consecutively until the root gets exhuusted; when ihis occurs they should be ploughed out, carted. off and burned-iho land will bear an excellent crop of Indian Corn, and when that is off it may be trenched up for a six mouths fallow as in the first instance, and inay again be planted with equal saccess as at the commencement, with this advantage that the Sugar improves ir: quality as you go ou cropping.

(To be Continued.)

The Gatherer.

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GENERAL CORRUPTION OF IMPERIAL on the best way of dressing a turbot. ROME.- For the aspret of the times in One other example, a simu-col! fact, general, it may be enough to take one will teach lis bot far offi al áliliser'isolated feature froin parh of the three vieucy could carry the degradation of great sections of national litla the court prsonal climacier. 1 bile liberius way the senale-house, and the haunts of on the throne, Titius Sabinas, ani the people.

sociale in the murdered Germanirus, The reign of crime in the imperial

was enticed by one of liis own friends

to enter his house, and there espress palaces during the worst times tvas

kis indignatiou against the tyrant. fearfully exagerated prototype of those Lorrors which stained the petty courts

Three senators, hidden between the of Italy in the latter of the middle ceiling of the chamber and the roof of ages. The Roman series of executions

the inansion, were allowed to overhear and confiscations, indeed, prompted sole: had quitted the place, the four traitors

the conversation; and as soon as 'Titius ly by suspicion or avarice, has had

concocted a memorial to the Einperor, po equal since its own days; but there bace been repeated likenesses of the inn.

in tich they set

fortlı the seditious perial nixture of lewdness, cruelty,

tords they had beard spoken, and boastunbridled passions, extravagance of ingls related the infamous meinness Tefinement.

by which they båd purchased their There was inuch of &

knowledge. modern taste in Nero's favourite amuse. ment of scouring the streets by night, The populace we shall better under. insulting everyone he met, and some. stand when we come to examine tho times returning to bis palace soundly public amusements, for these were their beaten; a recreation emulated succes. sole occupation. If they received their sively by the Emperors Otho, Commodus, allowance of food and had the circus

and Heliogabalus. But we can conceive and amphitheatres opened to them, ourselves studying the history of the they were contented and must loyal Sforza or the Ducal Merlici when we subjecis: for these reasons they did turn to the darkest pages of Nere's not hate the bad Emperors; on the annals; when we see him in his closet contrary, they usually likelihem better with the hag Locusta, trying experi. than the good ones. Most of these ex. meots apon poisons ; when he enters

thavagant and profligate despois scattered the banquering-ball, and in the midst their treasures freely among the moh,

of bis court sees bis victim Britannicus while their cruelty exhausted itself our drink the portion, and fall on the floor the rich ani voble. These the Em. in conviusinos; when we Alch the perors might always destroy with imspeechless borror of the spectators, and poviis; but it was not so safe to behold among them the unfortunate attempt executing any member of their Octavia, the sister of the murdered man own household; it was still less safe to and the wife of the murderer; and provoke ihe imperial gaard ; and, pamwhen, in the same night, amidst dark. perod and wretched as the Roman ness, rain, and tempest, we follow the populace were, an attack on ihem would corpse to the Campus Martins, and have been the most hazardous adven. hee it thrust into its nameless grave. ture of any. Nero, with his mad jollity, The general reputation of the Imperial and the nuequalled splendour of his

his shameless exhibitions of himself, fenate may be gathered from two sources; from the younger Pliny's contempinous spectacles, sus the idol of the rabble;

who long hung garlands on his atomb description of their monument on the Tiburtine road in honour of Pallas, npon the Pincian Mount, belivejog for 'the freedman of Claudius, with their

many years that he was still alive, and

woulil returu to panish his enemies and 'act in honour of the same forthless farourite; and from the bitter but well. restore the regretted days of licence. merited satire of Juvenal, in which he In the year of grace 69, the troops represeuts the Fathers of Róme as of Vespasian stormed Rome, which was talled together by Domitian to deliberate beld by Vitellius. The two parties of drapery descended from every bal. owing to my rejection of this ptra. mid," one of the friends in question welcome their deliverers, eagerly press

fought in three divisions-in the gardens ful trains set out, on the evening of of Sallust, among the streeis of the the Ith, for Toledo, crowds from Campus Martius, and at the rampart all quarters hastered in Madrid to of the Prætorian barrack. At all these witness the entrance of their deliverers points the populace of the city swarmed on the following morning. Lopg be. out and looked on, cheesing the comm. fore ihe British soldiers were serä on balants as they would have done in the Guadarama rad, every balcons, the amphitheatre; the wine-stops and evots window, every door was chowda other scenes of guilt stood open it ihe eit wub eager multitudes: joy beam. middle of the fight; the people resorted «d on every coustenance; and the to them to spend the money whicb geveral exiliation had led the people they plavdered from the dying and the to array themselves in the best re. dend; and, when the battle was over, inaining altist in their possession, so they hurried to the Aventine to see that it could hardly have been ime. the capture of Vitellius,, their late vined to what an extent misery had favourite, follotred him while he ivás presiously existed. No words can ex. draggel, with his hands bound, across press the enthtisiasin which prevailed the Forü in to the Gemoninn. Stairs, when the Etiglish siendärds were seeb and shouted as they belield the soldier's in iht distance, and the scarlet unikill hii.

forms berántó he discerned througla MANAGERS AND AUTHORS.-Of soitie

the crowd. Amidst a countless mulbundreds of pieces sent promiscuously titude, toushit up to the very highby unknown writers to the manager, tekis of gratitude and shouts of triduring my appearance in that city, there was but one deemed fic unph; throtigh things tesounding

with exultation and balcnnjeg graced for representation, and amongst those submitted by men of note many were by henntt, in the sound of military found fraught #ib danger, and dis music and the poinp of military post.

Prihe British armiy made their en. : wissed accordingly. As one ibistance

trance into the Spanish capital, not among the rarious others to which he is subjected by candidates for stage

as conquerors but as friends, not as honours, muy be mentioned this anec.

On that

oppressors bat deliverers. dute. A tragedy of nearly 600 pages, putest, huliest, draight of power."

das their chief drank deep of "the written by an authot fotnity unknownThe crowd came forth to meet him, i and likely ever to remain 80,

not with courtit adulation or bought me hs one particular friend of

applanse, but heartfelt gratitude and mine, and simngly recommended by three others. The first was a moon

deep enthusiasm ; for famine had been fight scene, and in the opening soli. among theth, ani the wan check and loquy thereof the hero, gazing on the trickling eye of the multitude who unclouded glory of Diaria, accused thronged round him to kiss his band, ber, despite her beauty and alleged nitude of the evils' froin which he had

or touch his horse, bespoke the mag. chastity, of intriguing (with whom can the reader imagine ?) with the “Man delivered them. Incredible tere the in the Moon," I mention this little efforts made to manifest the universal circuinstance merely to designate the transports. Garlands of flowers were difficult position of a manager in on

displayed from every doot; festoonis by one department of his vocation, fot, cony; men, women, and children



catre pouring out of every house to bas never spoken to me since,

ing on them fruits and refreshments, WELLINGTON'S ENTRANCE TO MADRID. and seeking to grasp the hands which The population of the capital had had freed their

in the been reduced, be the French occapa. Arening a general illumination garo tion and detastation of the country, vent to the universal rapture: all dia. to a third of its former amount; htit tinctions of rank, sex, and profession the people in the surrminding districts were forgotten in the festive blaze; were highly excited when they heard and the servitude of four years seen. tbat Joseph and his conrt were re. ed to be lost in the intoxicating joy faring; and when she long and zavaro. of first moments of emancipatus.


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