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DIARY KEPT IN THE VALE OF DOOMBERA-NÈAR KANDS.
1811, ' 17th May to the 21th.–The rainy weather which came nu sud lenly the end of last werk continget for the first two days of this, since which we have bad clout days witb slight shumers add strong breezes from the S. W.
Thermomeier Arerage.—720 6 4. v. 77€ 2 P. X.—75° 8 P. 2.
From 21h May to the 31st.-Cloudy weather eontinued, with strong breezes . almost approaching 'lo gales of wind from the $: W. these contidued some. times during the night aš well as dar-slight showers fall frequently and muice og twice during ibe week, ending in beavy, rains.
Thermometer Average.—71 - 6 A. N.-76 and 750 2 P. M.-74 and 73 - 8 P. .
These strong winds and cloudy weather make the ciimate of the Kandias country at this period of the year, rery cool and delightml, enabling Europeaos to remain out at all periods of the dav.-Little dew falls at nigbt nos, and if there is any wind, nove, and it is scarcely required as the ground is constantly kept moist from the contingal showers.
Prom 31st May 10 7th June.-Cold winds and rainy weather every def this week; Sun coustautly clouded ibd from S. and 29 sisong as less seek.
Thermometer Arernge.-- From 68 9 10 700 6 A. M.-73° to 750 2 P. 78° generally in the erening.
From 7th June to the 14th.- A her the first day of this week the rainy Feather cleared up generally suid the Snor has been seen and felt one of two dars, hat slight showers occasionally and during two nights beary raio, bas fallen in this perind; strong breezes froin the S. W. continue and sometimes squally-no thunder or lighting accompany these rains.
Thermometer Average.—710 6 A. M.—769 to 770 2 0. 1.-74 - 8P, N.
From 14th June to 21st. During this perind nearly all the mornings and evenings cloudy and calm, but the middle of the dav fine with modetare breeze from 3. w. about every other day a showe: of rain in the afternoon which, while it lasts, isl generaliy accompanied witb a strong wind, so that taip "id no great quantity falls at & time.
Thermometer Average.—72 6 A. N.-76 2 P. M.-74€ P. N.- Little or Do dew falls at night.
Operatious.--The same as last month, getting in Norgeries, and plantiog out, clearing drains where the water stands and on the older Estates the reeds must be kept nnder to give the trees all the benefit of the rains-bke. wire · Pruning, or rather "handling" the trees in bearing, is very necessary, teking off from their all super abundant wond and suckers which spring fortb rapidly now, while the circulation of the sap is vi:orous, and which if alInweil to remain would retard the fruit and weaken the powers of the tree bereafter.
From the great and continued qnantities of rain which hace fallen in the juterior during the latter half of May and greater part of June, it might ba supposed that all the cultirated productions of the Island (except Rice and meu this though nourished chiefly by water, requires tbe heat of the Sun so perfect it) would be starved and checked by the copstant puislure, oud en thes andanhtedly #ould, were the nature of the country flat, or sufficiently level, to allow of water standing in the suh-soil-hint on the contráry, as it is Dearle prerrwhere beautifully undulating with declicious streamlets running toward all the greater streams--the rain as it falls is readily carried off, the Toots sf the trees and plants patracting their nourishment from it as it passes. This sloping nature of the ground is particularly nerresary for the Sugar Cane, and even the coffee tree (which is generally supp" ed to require so moisture) snon dies from starration in swampy ground es is often found op a Plantation when it has been planted near a ditch or any low plece where water stands,
There ia no anuht that the ahave mentioned formation of the country with the reads means of carrying off water hi the great riiere, likewise contributes to the healthinese of the Kandian country in general--and the appearance of its regretation, thonoh sufficiently Inxliriani, indicates it-in some parts where the natives hare lona cleared and cultivated the round, it has rieme pinal to the green open meados fields of England, and in its more thickly wonded parts it has not the rank, dense unwholesome vevetation, of mánt tror'cal countries. This does not appertain to the lower lands surrounding the Kan. dian horder, which in many situations possess all the character of tropical re. getation, the ahsence of which in the central prorince" furniches no proof that any thing is ranting in the analities of its soil for the Enropean initi. yatoras the many thriving plantations of Coffee and Sugar in the ricivity of Kands fully prove.
The health of coolies on the Estates remains good and the supply of labor is plentiful.
ERRATA NO. X.
IN PAGE 446, Lixs 40.- For “LIVE and vegetable moulds” read "LINE and
PRINTED AT THE BBRÁLD PREDS.
Amoxosh the novelties of á literary nature lately started at honte is one of å peculiar kind and which shews how fertile is the brain of man in expedients for realizing money. The novelly we allude to is the " Post Magazine." It has emanated from the recent alteration in the postage of letters thronghout Britain, which our readers may remember is equalized to one penny for all parts of the Kingdom. Postage is not paid by means of stamps stuck on the letter, and which may be bought for the purpose, or by means of stamped envelopes. The originators of the "Post Magazine" ofter their periodical as a substitnte for the latter. It is a simple sheet of letter paper with one page or more of letter-press of wa useful description, the remainder being left blank for correspondence, and the outside is stamped to go free by post. Advertisers in the Magazine are entitled to receive a certain number of copies at the mere cost of the stamp, one penny, the public being charged three half The latter therefore only pay one half-pendy for the Jetier paper and the page of priming, the penný being for the stainp; whilst tbose who advertise get thoit letter fur vöibing, only
paying for the postage stamp, and thus write their friends without cost and at the same time distribute their own advertisements. It is a curious fact, and one that shows where the profits on these speculations are, that this Magazine will be given to the trade for retail sale at a larger discount than is allowed on the stamped covers, by government, and consequently more than allowed on the stamp affixed to the Mayazine. But the secret of this is to get the sellers, chiefly stationers, to push them off in preference to the ordinary stamped envelope of government, and thus raise the circulation which is all that is wanted, for the advertisements are abial pay in these malters: the nere profit on the sale of the Magazine as a periodical, would be comparatively nothing, certainly nothing for the trouble and outlay of capital on the undertaking.
Íu the Athenaeum of March 27ıb we find some extracts from á letter addressed by Prince Paul of Wartenberg, to the Augsburg Gazelle concerning the charges made against Mehemet Ali, in the Globe, of having destroyed and pulled down some of the noblest architectural relics of Egyptian antiquity. The Prince, who has recently relurned from his travels, refutes these assertions by statements of what he has bimself seen and known, and they certainly entirely contradict the writer in ibe Globe. He says, “Great negligence was shown it is true, at the commencement of Mehemel's Administration, so that strangers and travellers were permitted to pillage and destroy with impunity the various specimens of antiquity. But the oversight was the fault of the Pacha's neglected education and ignorance of their historical worth. Later on the Viceroy's learning the value of the same as works of art, he im. mediately look measures to prevent iheir total rain. It is incorrect to assert that the smali temples of the island of Elephantina were used as materials for the construction of the government buildings at Assuan. I lived there and perceived no symptoms of antique building-stones, any more than in the state buildings of the modern Sjene. Moreover there is abundance of building material in the immediate neighbourhood of the town, so that nobody would dream of going for it to the ruins of the adjacent island." We agree with the water in this improbability. The Prince also state that