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op the right, and led them out of sight, and soon after returned for 199
This was repeated several tiines before the unfortunate victims begaq to suspect the dreadful work that was going on. They were stupified with borror; yet many were collected. One instance Barnsley often mentioned: us they were leading off two of their victims one of them who had ten pagodas wșapped in a rag, took them out of his pocket and threw them into the bush.
At length it came to poor Barnsley's turn, whọ, more dead than alive, walked to the fatul spot strewed with the bodies of his countrymen. The experi cutioners with their large swords chopped their victims down. The sword fell upon the back of his neck; his head fell upon his breast; the sinews of his neck were cut through; he got but one cut, and became deprived of all sensation. When his recollection returned the groans of the poor wretches were dreadful. When he opened his eyes he saw seçeral of the natives with gin. gaals, or wall pieces, stalking over the heaps of alain, beating every one on the head whether life was extinct or not, During this sight of horror he lay as still as death, receiving only one blow on the head, which again deprived him of sensation. When this butchery was complete, they began to strip the dead. He was himself stripped during his unconsciousness; and upon his return to recollection, there was only his shirt upon his body, which was a very bad one, or it had gone with the rest. The next recollection he had was of a great shouting and tumult. He attempted to rise, but his head fell forward upon his breast. Anxious to know the cause, yet fearful of being observed by the barbarians, he rose all fours, and supporti his head with his left hand he could distinctly see a great concourse of them, as if assembled round some object of curiosity—those on the outside jumping up, stretching their necks as if to gain a sight of something that was going on in the centre. At this time he distinctly heard pistol shots, and supposed it was the English officers shooting themselves, rather than be chopped down, if they saw no other alternative. This happened in the dusk of the evening. As soon as it was dark, he crawled into the bushes which were close at hand, and, in the best manner he could, made for the brink of the river, wbich was no great distance; yet it was a toilsome journey to him. When daylight came, he saw a Candian busy cutting up the raft. The river þad fallen much for the rain had ceased. As soon as he perceived the Candian, he went more to the right to be out of his view. When he came to the banks again, he found the river too wide for binn, at this place; and, re. collecting to have seen a bend in it, where the stream was not so broad, ho urged his painful course towards it, supporting his head with one hand under his chin, and the other under his elbow to aid it. Here he plunged in, swimming with his right arm, and holding his head out of the water with his left. In the middle of the stream he had nearly perished; the current was so strong it hurried him along with it, to prevent which he had, ja desperation, to use both arms, when his head fell under the water, and he
was nearly suffocated. Again he raised it; the stre:igth of the current pas passed, and he reached the opposite burik in & rery exhausted state, wbers he lay for some time with part of his body in the river, and his breast and arms upon its banks. Anxious to get as far as possible from the scene of his suffering, and conscious of his exposed situation, he made an effort to ribe, and with horror saw a Candian, on the top of the bank on which be had landed, gazing at him. Concealment was now out of his power; his re: solution was at once taken, and he advanced boldly towards the Candian, who retreated in terror to a small distance. The poor Corporal made signs for him to give him his mat to cover him, as the Candian shewed no husti. lity or wish to do him any barm, and the rain had again set in. At length the Candian took it off, and held it out upon the end of his staff, saying "po po," (go.) He accordingly wrapped it round bim, and made the best of his way in the direction of Fort Macdowal.
Shortly after be came to a level part of the country, where there were a great many foot marks; for the ground was very soft on account of the rain. His wound pained him much, and his headached dreadfully with the blow he got with the gun. Much as the rain incommoded him he was pleased at its continuance, for it was a great means of effecting his escape, the Candians seldom leaving their huts in wet weather. Towards evening he came to a tract of rising land, where be found a deserted house, which wanted the roof. Here he took up his abode, and passed a night of the most acute suffering. The rain poured down upon bim in torrents; his wound felt as if a red but iron was upon it, and almost drove bim to despair; the night appeared to him an age; and though he wished anxiously for day, he knew not when it arrived what was to be his fate; but any thing was preferable to the agony he suffered from his wound, which the inclemency of the weather now irritated more keeply than he could almost endure. As soon as daylight came, he examined the house in vain for some article or other that might be of use to him. At last he went out and gathered a few leaves; their properties were unknown to him; but they were to cool his wound. He then tore up his shirt and dressed it for the first time, in the best manner he could, and then began to descend towards his left, and shortly after saw smoke rising out from among some trees. Cautiously approaching the spot, and peeping over the bushes, he saw a number of Indians, a savage race who live hy rapide and murder, and are said to be cannibals. They are tributary to the King of Candy, and get from him a reward for every wbite man they can fkill. He silently withdrew, and again began to ascend to the top of the height be had left. The opposite side was su steep and slippery that he was under the necessity of sliding down on his breech. The country became again more level, and was interspersed with wood. Here he met a boy carrying Iwo bundles of firewood, ou a slip of Bamboo over his shoulder, who imme. diately on seeing him dropped his load, and fled to the bushes. He tock no. Dotice, but hurried on, weary and faint from his wound and hunger, Thu be proceeded, concealing himself in the best manner he could until he met two men and a boy, who stopped him, and began to converse among them. selves, oltan pointing to him. He know not what they conversed about, bus made all the signs he conld think of to obtain their pity. At length one of them gave him a small cake of their country black bread. He put it to bis lips, but was unable to open bis mouth, not having the power of his jaws, (it was long after before he could chew his food ;) he broke it off in small pieces, and in vain attempted to swallow a little. At length they made signs for him to follow them, and made no motion as if they were going to do bim any injury. He walked with them for a considerable time ; at length they came to some bonses, where there were a good many native soldiers, and he was put into a back apartment of one of them,
Soon after one of their chiefs came to him and made signs to him to prostrate him, self upon the ground before him, which he did. The chief then departed, and soon after a quantity of excellent curry and rice was brought him. With much trouble and pain he ate some of it, the swallowing it constitutiug his greatest difficuliy. The tom-toms were then beat, and the army collected in a short timo to the number of about five-thousand men and boys. Having him in the centre, they moved on in a crowd, in silence, without any appearance of mi. litary order, all crowding round and staring at him. At this moment his mind was in great agitation being unconscious what was to be his fute. At length they came to a pagoda, a sanmah house, and be now thought his door as fixed, and that he had been brought there to be sacrificed to their Goda To his great relief however they passed on, leaving him in as great uncertainty as ever as to what was to be his fate. At length his agitation became so great that his mind grew confused, and he walked onward ulmost unconsci. onsly, until they came in sight of Fort Macdowal when they halted. Fort Macdowal is 16 miles from Kandy on the road to Trincomalie. The chief then came up to him, and caused a gin-gaal piece to be brought and placed to his shoulders, ready cocked. He did not know the meaning of all this, but thought they meant him to fight against the English, or they would put him to death. He was going to pull the trigger, as a signal that he would do any thing they commanded, when the chief who was an old man caused it to be taken from him, and smiled. After a great deal of dumb show with the as. sistance of some of the natives who spoke the Malabar language, of which he knew a little, he was made to understand that the chief wished the English to come out of Fort Macdowal, and fight him in the open ground. When ha saw that Barnsley understood wbat he meant he was allowed to proceed, along with two of the natives to deliver his message, and they conducted him to the bottom of the bill where the Fort stood : as soon as they came near it they said po, po, and left him, happy to be out of their ads.
Athis approach, the sentinel was struck with horror at bis emanciated figure and ghastly look: he was conducted to Captain Madge, Commander of the Fortress at the time, who was thunderstruck at his appearance, and the melancholy tidings bo Þore. The first words he said, were, “ The troops in Candy are all dished, your bonos." Captain Madge in astonishment, required an explanation, which was too easily giren, when be immediately ordered the guns to be spiked; and arrangements made for evacuating the Fort,--which was done about ten o'clock, after the moon had sunk behind the hills. All the sick were left to the mercy of the enemy, who had already shown that they liad none.
The lamps were left þyrning, and the march was convenced in sileneg; this howerer was $0on discovered, and those of the sick, who were most able, followed the line of march until they dropped. Poor Barnsley, after having his ghastly wound dressed by the surgeon, marobed on, supporting his head with his bands, as he had done all along, and arrived, with those who were able to keep up, on tiro Cottiar shore, where the man of war boats were stationed, who took thema on board and brought them 19 Trincomalie, which they reached on July.
Corporal George Bernsley, sgon after his secovery and was made a Sergeant ; but in a few months after, having got a little in li.' quor on the barrack ground in the cantonment, he was tried by a Court Martial, and reduced to the ranks, and did duly as a private until the year 1805, when he was sent home inyalided, along with others, to Englund. Upon my return from Ceylon in 1811, while at Glasgow, I learned that he was at that time doing duty in Fort George, in the Veteran Battalion ; since theç time I havo heurd nothing of bin."
BRIEF NOTICES OF THE POETS, PHILOSOPHERS,&C OF THE TAMILS,
By S. C. Chitty, Esq. (Continued.)
4. Konkaner, a philosopher, who was will subject themselves to the pains a contemporary with Agastya, though of the fiery hell." He has also left some represent him to hare been a pork called Kudeikandam, which disciple of the moralist Teriсralluver. treats principally of the composition He held in utter contempt all the of various medicines. do; mas believed by the Hindoos; for 5. Matchumuni, another philosopher, in a treatise called Gránam, which the era of whose existence is involv, he codiposed, he declares that “ since ed in obscurity. He is only known there is but one GOD, there can be as the anthor of a treatise on Disea. but oue reda, one spiritual guide, one ses called Eimooroo and a Glossary form of worship, one plau of felicity medecine called Nigandu. His or torments, and only one birth sinongst compositions on philosophy are sup. the human race; and that those who posed to have perished. say, no, there
four vedas, six 6. Apper, 7. Sam panter, 8. Suntarer, forms of worship and many gods, three poats, who have rendered them.
Belres famous by composing the poem opinions of Aurciyer, I shall enhjetos called Tirurrasayam ; a voluminous ex. a few extracts from her works; the position of the doctrines of the Saiva translation is adopted, with some altera sect, of which they were the zealous ations, from the Rev. Dr. Jubn's Life champions. Apper was born and bred and writing of Auveiyar, and Mr. Ellis's à Samuna, or Buddhist ; but through commentary on the Kural. the ill-treatment of the bead ascetic of “ Be desirous to give alme. Gire; that system, he becaine a Saira, and and then wat. Never cease to improve prevailed on the King K’oor Pardiyen in learning. Speak what is ugretto follow his example. It is sail of able. Cherish thy father and mother. Sampanter, that he stirred up the Saivus Learn whilst thou art young. Keep to persecute the Samanas, and caused what is good. Consider before thou 8000 of thein to be empaled alive at dnest a thing. Do not hurt any body. Madura. The Saiva assert that these Keep company with the virtuous. Speak poets were inspired by Sira, who ap. Hot disrespectfully of the deity. Do peared to them in the guise of an old not speak falsely. Lire peacefully with man at Tirupararkaulu, while on their thy fellow citizens."- Allisúdi. way to Trisaloor, the praises of which “What misers acquire, evil people wik they went to sing.
stral. Though thou beggest alnis, do only 9. Natkeerer, an eminent pbilosopher what is proper. What cannot be dung and poet, who was a contemporary must not be desired. A bad wife is with the preceding, and one of the like a fire in the lap. If the deity is professors of the ancient university of displeased, nothing will prosper. Speak Madura. He is, however, only known kindly even to thy inferiors. What as the author of a series of incanta. man sows in the first part of his extions in verses called Tirumurugattupudei, istence, le reaps in the next. Avoid addressed to the GOD Kertikeya; and eating meat, killing animal life, and by which he is said to have delivered stealing."— Kondie Veynden. himself and nine hundred and ninety
" The more we learn the more uninine others from being devoured by a derstanding we get.
Learning is tho Búbim, or holgoblin, who had seized and confined them in a cave in the hast learned teach iw others. Though
What thou mountain Imaus, while rambling in a
thou should'st be an hundred years forest in the neighbourhood.
old, endeavour stiil to increase in knowo 10. Aureiyar. This celebrated lady ledge. In proportion as one increased lired about the time of Ugra Pundiyen, in learning, he ought also to increase King of Madura, and was the first of in virtue.”Kalviozhukkam. ber sex in India who acquired a re. putation as a moralist and poetess. The
« There are no other castes but two common tradition is, that her father namely, the high, who walk uprightly a Brahmar philosopher named
and give liberally to the poor, and those
The learned are Payavon, and her mother Adi, a pariah who do not do so. woman of Karoor in South Combatoor,
as death to ignorant men; to wicked and that being exposed as
men the virtuous are as death ; to tho born, was laken up and educated soft plaintain tree the very fruit it by a Panan, or songster. Her talents produceth is death ; but above all death deroted entirely to the in
to the house to which she belongeth struction of youth; and she
is a vicious woman.”- Nalvazhi. posed five books of moral maxims; " When thou bestowest a favor on namely, the Attisúdi, Kondie, Kalvi- another, be not solicitious about the ozhukkam, Nalrazhi and Múdurei, be- time when it shall be returned; for sides a poem called Gnána kural, con. after a little while the young Cocos taining a series of 310 districts upon will give undiminished from its head subjects connected with natural philo. the water it drank while growing. 'sophy. As she had from her childhood “ A. benefit conferred on the worthy evinced a propensity for a life of resenibleth an engraving on a stone ; mortification and devotion, so she con- but to confer it on those whose hearte tinued a virgin until her death, which are void of kindness is like writing is said to have taken place at an extremely old age.
“ The good, keeping in mind one fa As & specimen of the style and vor received, will forgive a hundred