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formed that these were the debris of an Osiris which were long under orders for England. We were also told that the stone raised io Col. Duten's memory is now included in the threshold of a house belonging to a Greek at Alexandria

In the afternoon, we went to the so-named Pompey's pillar; a very elegant column, but needing a stalue on its slimmit, or some distinguishing memorial of a similar nature to make it appear otherwise than one remaining out of many columns which most probabiy were formerly on this spot. We straived our eyes to no purpose to discover the inscription; they say it is on the west side of the pedestal, and was once filled in with white a black ground by an English lady, but the sand has since covered it up-I could not even make out the trace of an engraring, and we wire afterwards told that it can ooly be seen at three in the afternoon, when the sun strikes directly

on it.

Ladies even are said to hare ascended this column, which is near 100 feet high. Prokesch alludes to soine witty lines written by an Englishwoman from its top to a friend, who answered her from the bottom of Joseph's well at Cairo.

9th. Stayed at home the greater part of the day and rode in the evening to Seyd Bes's palace-an unfinished huilding about three miles off-on our return from which we bad a fine view of the city from an old redoubt, near which wo visited the remains of a Roman temple, where there are some painted figures on the wall, curious enough to merit copying ere the hand of time or of travellers shall have destroyed them. As far as the gloaming would allow us to see, they appeared 100 modern in the form of dress and face, ay even of moustache, to be oller than Roman, and too good in point of execution to be of a more recent date.

10th. Took leave of our very few acquaintances, and heard the news just received at our Consulate, that the troops of the Sultan, unrestrained by the advice of the English and French embassies in Constantinople, bad entered Syria from three different quarters and that the armistice between Turkey and Egypt was thus broken ; Mobammed Ali had issued a proclamation, in which he announced that bis orders to his son Ibrahim had forbidden aggression, but commanded a repulse of force hy force-be therefore threw on bis master the blame of bloodshed, and trusted to Allah for a good result.

Ilth. At 8 A. M. we went on board the Principe Metternich, being the only two passengers in the first places_our companions for Constantinople were about 50 Hadgis and 200 Nubian or Abyssinian slaves, who lay along the poop and deck in every direction, or were bustled together in the forehold. Our Captain seemed ashamed of his cargo, and in speaking to us ou the subject, gave us to understand that he and his employers could knoty nothing more of them than that they said they were pilgrims, and their followers were their servants. They seemned merry liule devils, of all ages and both sexes, and their masters were, as Turks always are, kind patrons, shewing many little indulgences, and taking


evidently as much care to feed them as they did to provide for themseires. There could be po doubt whatever

to the position in which they stood to each other; indeed I thought I recognized among the girls one or two of the faces I had seen round the fire on the evening we left Luxor. It took us some time to get clear of the harbour of Alexandria, after wbicb we speedily lost sight of land.

But I must say a few words about this second capital of Egypt ere ( part with it.- Alexandria may be called the Pacha's Frank metropolis,- it is entirely different from Cairo or any other town in his dominions. The streets ate clean, and as broad as those in most of the second or third-rate towns of Europe; and the Strada Noora would be reckoued elegant even in Paris. It is there that almost all the Consuls reside: its widib is equal to that of Portland-place, and is pavements and lamps were added to the other iunorations here exhibited, it would not be far inferior to that splendid thoroughfare itself. Bebind our hotel, which was in tbe centre of that street, was

one of the okellahs which Capt. Light mentions; tbey are square enclosures baring but one or two entrances, which are secured by gates almost impregnable to an Egyptian mob; bither Europeans, or quiet citizens, may retire in times of tumult, or when plague prevails,-their appearance is similar to that of thc squares of old London inns, the sereral chambers of which form the cir. cuit of upper

ries, to which there is one common staircase. The great jnconvenience is that every body sees ererybody, coming in or going out: and the idea of retirement or family seclusion can only exist in the internal chambers,

In Alexandria we saw for the first time in Egypt few sufferers from ophthal. mia-Ibis may be oving to the greater cleanliness out of doors, for I should imagine that nothing can be more injurious to the eyes than the noxious vapour steaming from ordure or vegetable filth. The population of the town appeared more composed of Franks tban of natives, and such Franks! the European residents call them Lerantines; our term of Levanter may perhaps be traced to these rip-looking mortale. Capt. Light mentions that in 1814 there otherwise the town is as dull as can be: the monotony being only broken by the arrival of steamers, or news of the progress of quarrels between the Gullan and the Pacba, or of some frosh monopoly taken up by the latter,


two English mercantile houses bere: there are now about ten. The women met with in the

streets are as closely wrapped up as in Cairo or elsewhere, and have the very look of ambulant mumınies; it was not our good fortune to see any of the fair sex within doors; the bright eyes shining abore the brass rings of the strip which covers their faces, would seem to give promise of charms, wbich are not alway's possessed. The surmab adds certainly great brilliancy to the optics, yet in one or two instances when & near apa proach was permitted me, I did not admire its effect: perhaps it had not been well laid on in those cases. The streets look gay at 5 when every resident turns out to walk, or ride on donkeys, or losl in sbabby vehicles,





GHAP. VI. Spread of discontent. The Manchester Massacre. Lord Sidmouth

challenged by Thistlewood. Secret Meetings and seditious lan. guage. Gale Jones's Letter to Lord Sidmouth. It's consequences. Thickening of the Plot. Political Placards. The spirit of discontent which led

led to the riotous meetings and disturbances of 1817, was still at work in 1819 and spreading more wiaely than ever. The abuses and grievances in the representation and adminstration of the country, which, during the Jong war had been forgotten or suffered to exist from the ex. cilement of foreign afians, now that the people had leisure to look at home and enquire into matters, were loudly declaimed against, and to all thinking minds it was pretty evident from the many meelings, lectures and works on the subject, that something must be done e're, long. I am inclined to ascribe the restlessness of the nation at this period to another agency,—the Press. Within a few years, vast improvements. had taken place in our periodical literature. The introduction of sleam-power had enabled the proprietors of the several papers to add greatly to their contenis in the way of general information, and subjects were now discussed which under the old system and when 80 much of warlike news was given, had never been thought of. It is a natural consequence of the close of a protracted war that Icinerous classes of the community should be thrown out of em-. ployment, and it was amongst these that arose first want, then mura Diur's, and lastly crime.

Meetings were being held all over England during the early part of 1819, but they were all of a perfectly peaceable nature, and until the lamentable affair at Manchester in August, not an act of violence vas committed. The particulars of the ever memorable Manchester Massacre" are too well known to need recapitulation. The news of that bloody atlair was variously received in London, By the lower orders it was looked upon as an earnest of what they were lo expect from their rolers. By the well-disposed, mid. dle classes is was regarded with uneasy feelings. By those in


was os

power, particularly the ministers themselves, it tras exulted orer and looked upon as an act that would at once quiet any discontent or popular overy for reform. That it led to very different results from what they anticipated we all know. I well rensen ber an inierview I had with Lord Sidmonih in the lauler end of Angust at his privale residence. I found loin walking up and down bis study evidently wrapt in some subject of moment. He was buried in thoaybe and did not see me for some time, but when he did, and when be made allusion to the recent Massacre as an uutuward aflair, bis eyes glistened like those of a tiger in possession of bis prey. His joy seemed scarcely containable. I lound to my vexation that I was

once more to be pui in requisition ou the same thanksul service as in 1817, aud most likely with the same parties. His lordship bad intelligence of meetings 10 be holden all over the metropolis, relative to late transactions, and of their proceedings &c., he wished to be kept well advised. From certain expressions let sall by him I had no doubi but that he believed something decisive was about to take place, and that I kness was the very thing he hoped for, as it would turvish bim with

a pretext for the introduction of further coercive nieasures.

With my special private instructions in my pocket I went home and laid plans for future operations. Ji was about this time that Lord S. received a challenge from Arthur Thisilewood 10 him in Hyde Park, which

course refused. Thistlewood was apprehended and bound over to keep the peace, but liis festJess, daring spirit, was vot to be held by bonds or penalties, and 110 sooner was he al liberty thou he set 10 work heart and soul, at the old game, and iu a very short time bad formed a numerous association.

I had my eyes upon his movements and soon laid his proceedings before the Minister. The Buw-571eet others were sul

upon the gang but in vain, for they were well known

to do

any good, so the entire work was leit in my hands, will allo or three private agents of Goveromelil to assist ine.

Ny first enrol myself as one of the body, the next 10 Set olie of my most confidential assistants elected their secretary, which was a grand powl, as it gave me ready access at all times in their proceedings and correspondence.

This Association was the result of a numerous meeting held in Smithfield Market on September 10:11 tu petition ille Princ Regent for reforms and redress of grievances, and of which Henry Hunt had been chairwan. The latter had just returned from Nianchester and was mel on his entry into London by it vast 0011 course of people. Of course the minds of the populace were not a lilile excited by his account of the recent transactions at Naochester. A committee had been appointed 10 pieseuil the petition at the head of which were Julin Gale Jones and Renry fiunt, and they were then waiting the result and holding frequeui consul.





tations in a small house in Three Kings Couri, Fleet Street with Thistlewood's Association wilich had deeper and more desperate views, nevertheless the two were perlectly cognizant of each other's intenlions. It was extremely difficult to ascertain how many were leagued together with Thistlewood, for there were no settled places of meeting vor any regular proceedings : the members mei at uncertain intervals and places which precluded the possibility of my attending them all. I was however, present at sufficient zo gather that some mischievous, thongh certainly not dangerous, operations were in course of projection, of all of which Ministers were well aware, looking on with calı indifference and only waiting till the pear was ripe that they might exhibit il as a proof of the wickedness of the lower orders and of the danger of insting such with political power, in fact using them as political scare crows to keep dowr the restlessness of the middle classes.

Knowing as I did their cognizance of every trilling incident connected with Thistlewood's plouing I certainly was astonished to hear the ministers declare in the House on the capture of the conspirators the following spring, that the government had only been acquainted with what was going on through the letter which Hyden delivered to Lord Harrowby the previous day in Hyde Park: they declared that ihough they had some faint idea of some mischievous caballing yet nothing was known as 10 it's nature or exteni!! Why the speeches delivered at these secret meetings were noted down together with all the resolutions passed, and even the quantity of spirits and beer drank by the plotters were not omitted, all of which was luid, in an officiul form, on Lord Sidmouth's breakfast iable every morving!

The first meeting of which I sent in a written report, was one beld in a chapel in Hopkins Street, Holborn, on the 27th Seplember at 8 P. M. Waddington and Ings were ibere, as also a delegate from Manchester. The latter addressed the meeting at some length and in greai billerness, which was not to be wondered at considering the recent sbedding of blood in that town.

There were more than shirty present, but they all appeared to be nien of daring and energy and their speech did not belie their looks. The Prince and his ministers were of course abused in the lowlest language, the former being lermed a bar and a lyrant, and the laller bluude drinkers and murderers. Amongst the many pleasant proposals made was one to seize and divide the property of the rich, and in order to secure the good will of ihe army to grant a piece of land 10 every soldier according to his rank. ll was unanimously agreed hy inose present that the Manchester Massacre was the commencement of a Revolution,

Waddington declaimed most violently against ministers, and declared that he would not wait any longer for justice but would go and demand it with arms in bis hands. If no one would join bim he would yo alone to Downing-Street. lugs, the Butcher, said

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