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that arms were being made as fast as they could collect money ta pay for them, and he advised those who could not afford to proe cute fire-arms to borrow a grindstone and sharpen their knives on it, and with them they could rip open the-of the bloody mig histers. He meani lo rip up the Prince and afterwards hang the body of the tyrane on one of the lamp-irons of Carlton House. 'The Scriptures say that "he who sheds blood his blood shall be she," and he was determined to have blood, royal blood for the sicrims at Mauchester. These are a few of the heroics indulged in by the desperate characters of the day.
Another favorite place of resort was the White Lion in Wych Sireri, Stand : it was a house lule frequented and therefore we'l adlapied to private assemblages. I saw ihe late Henry Hunt there Seveal times but he was a wary man and did not join, though be fisiened to, the violent langnage of the others. When things kere taking a more decided aspect he became alarmed and sought an opportunity of withdrawing, which be did in October. Gale Jones followed lim when he found ineasures of violence were determined (2). The meetings were comparitively peaceable and loyal to the which took place aluer the royal reply, through Lord Sillinen the Smithfeld petition, in October. The tone of niter ermiep wbich pervaded that unwise message induced Gale Jones, who tor::saw the consequences of it, 10 address His Lordship, bega ging bim as adviser of the Crown to re-consider bis answer which
meantime should not be published, The letter is here given, as it will shex that all of the discontens el parts were not anxious for sedition and rebellion, but inclined to real amicably on points at issue. It was well for ike wantry hit the royal obstinacy did not bring down the “Sags Coloides" aid the "Guillotine.”
ALT LORD,Deeply affected with the deplorable condition to which I khill the people of this country reduced, and perceiving a hope. lessness in the public mind that any relief of their sufferings, or erri: that the boun they ask, “Free Representation," is intended to de dinled, perceiving that despair is tilling the minds of multitudes mii w cukiernieti, üld leaning the confusion and mischiet to which Besider irenzy Biay lead, I ain induced, My Lord, again to trouble van in bops that you may yet be inclined to advise His Royal Blogissess the Privice Regent, to take into his consideration the apjai i bud hoc bunul ui suivering to you, and that be may he grarionsly pleased 10 give the People bopes either by Proclamation or otherwise thai he vill lisien 10 their claims, to send a Royal Niessage from the Throne recommending both Houses of Parliameat 10 lelorm ibe abuses of Representation, or to adopt sone measure caletelated to pacify a Miserable and Starving People.
* Believe me, my Lord, I feel much reluctance to convey to try fellow-country men ihe answer I had the honor to receive from you on Tuesday last, apprehensive that when they know His Roya! Highness still persists in treating their Petitions, Remonstrances and Appeals with silent indifference, it may lead to some violent ma
“I will not call his silence contempt, my Lord, because I cannot believe, however humble and forlorn may be the condition of the People, that either His Royal Highness or his Ministers could use 80 cruel and dangerous policy as to scorn their suffering cries, but loth as I am to trespass upon your Lordship's time, I arr. seill more so to lay the answer I received from jou before the Public,
“I am willing yet to believe that you will hunianely be pleased to enable me to hold
some ray of hope that measures are likely to be adopted to reform the present partial system of repiresentation and thence 10 pacify the People. Trusting your Lord. ship will honor me with an answer calculated to appease the disa turhed mind of a starving mulutude,
"I am, My Lord, &c.
John GALE Jones."
Three King's Court, Fleet Street,
Nov. 2d, 1819. I need scarcely add that this letter was treated with silence, and when Jones found that nothing was likely to be done, he announced the royal reply to the commiliee and through it to all llie different meetings in the metropolis. This, as may be supposed, rousee the angry spirits which had 'til then laid dormant, 10 active steps. Meetings were very frequent during the whole of November and December, so much so that I found it impossible to get notice or attend one-tenth of them. I therelore paid my chief atiention to the principal rendezvous, in Wych Street, where Thistle wood and and Watson constant speakers. Placards were now printed and distributed amongst the lower orders, painting their grievances in most glowing colors, and calling upon them to rise and arm in desence of their hearths and families. One of these was headed “The People's PROCLAMATION” and commenced thus,
Whereas in divers parts of Great Britain numerous Cabals of Boroughmonyers, Purs'ıns, Lawyers, Magistrates, Country Squires, orergrown Landholiders, Fundholders, monopolizing and cheating Tradesmen, Janufacturers, Merchants, and others of His Majesty's araricious and oppressive Suljects, have for many years been privately held ;-who, or many of whom, with divers Police-Officers, Placemen, Spies, Bloodites, Pensioners, and Informers, being lazy, worthless, and profligate Persons, together with divers other time-serving, unprincipled Luckspiltles, Nincompoops, and Dotards, by abusive, slamerous, and malevolent Speeches addressed to each other, have encouraged each other, and en:lenvoured to bring into hatred and contempt and neglect the Rights and Liberties desired by all honest People lu be established in this Realm, to the great disgrace of the Faction in power, and the Commons House of Parley, for Resolutions and Measures in the suid pundemonium complotted, calculated to cause distress ant to excite discontent and revenge towards the diagisteriul tools of Foction, that enforce and collect the People's property, or that distrain for cxcessive Rentals and Taxes. Copies of all these were obtained from the printer and laid on His Lordships table, frequently before they were distributed by the committee.
At Christmas when many were out of employ and all were idly disposed the namber of the association was greatly augmenteil and affairs began to wear a more serious aspect. Subscriptions were sec on foot for the purchase of arms and ammunition, and for the renting of private rooms where the sword exercise might be practised. Banners and devices were designed and plans for an attack on the authorities were regularly discussed. It was about this time that I recollect first seeing Greenacre, afterwards so notorious for the dreadful murder he committed. He became a regular attendant at the Wych Street meetings, but was a man of no courage and sbrank from Active measures at the last. It is a singular fact that though he, with many others, escaped at the time of the conspiracy, he eventually met with his reward and was buried within the walls of Newgate in the very next grave to Thistlewood bis fellow conspiralor.
The winter wore on and rebellion reared it's head in numerous quarters: arms and ammunition were collected in the houses of the plotters: seditious speeches were indulged in and plans concerted, but they wanted the unity or the serve
to take immediate steps: the spring approached and brought employment to many hitberto idle and discontented, but who now, with work on their hands, thought no more of politics and plotting. There were other spints however, who once raised could not be quieted, and they began to grow impatient for the opportunity of striking a blow.
An account of the Establishments for the Administration of Justice
in the Selliements on the Island of Ceylon, under the Government of the United Provinces, of the different Members who composed them, and of the Locul, l'iril, and Criminal, Original, or Appellato Jurisdiction exercised by them.
(CONTRIBUTED BY GEORGE LEE, Esq.)
At Colombo three Courts of Judicature were established: 1. “The Hof van Justitie" or " Court of Justice.”
2. Tie "Collegie vuu Huwelykse en kleine gericbts Zaaken" or " the Court of Matrimonial aud peity causes," which was also called The Civil or Town Court."
3. The “ Landraad” or “ Country Court." The members and the Jurisdiction of these Tribunals were as follows:
First. The Huft van Justitie or Court of Justice. This was composed of & President and eight Members. The person called the chief administrator, and wbo was the first civil servuol of the Dutch East ludia Coupany, was permanently President. Ilie members cousisted of iwo officers in ihe military service, and six civil servants of the Con:jany, the latter of a rank not Inferior to that of junior merchant. In addition to the President and Mem. bers, the Fiscal also was entitled to a role in civil causes, as a memher, and to a seat next to the Presideut, a respect paid bim as being a member
In criminal cases the Jurisdiction of this Court extended over the Fort
and Town of Colounbo, and the whole of its environs known by the des. cription of the Col nbe Dessarony, or Collectorship, including the districts of Caltura, Negombo, Balticaloa and Chiluw.
In civil cases its original Jurisdiction was more limited, and extended only orer the Fort and Towy of Colombo, together with a small space of ground without the Fort and situated within the certain specific boundaries called tbe gravets or limits.
In civil suits not exceeding in value the sum of Three Hundred Ris. dollars the sentence of this Court were definitive, and without appeal. la cuses of greater amount an appeal lay therefrom to the Court of Justico at Batavia,
The sentences in criminal cases could not be carried into execution without
the ratification of Goverąment, but the Government bad po power to modify
or alter them . if hotover they were dissatisfierl, they had entboris to direet the Fiscal 10 appool against the decree to the Court of Justice at Batavia, or to stay the executiou and transmit the process to Balavia for the dis. posal of the Supreme Government.
The summary execution, called Parata Executio, could not be carried into effect withou: the sanction of the Fibeul, to obtain which the Plaintif pre. sented him the decree, and the Fiscul affised his fiat, on which the execution immediately took place.
This ('ourt exercised appellate jurisdiction over every tribunal throughout the Dutch seltlements on the Islaud of Ceylon.
2ndly, The “ Collegie l'an Huwelykseen kleine gerichts Zonken." The Court of Matrimonial “und petty cases"ulso called "the Civil Court"coll sisted of a President and six Meubers. The Presidevi was always one of the Members of Government, three of the Members were Burghers, and the renainder servants of the Company. The Caplain of the Burghers Fas permanent Vice-President, the Deputy Secretary to Government was a toenshe and permanent secretary of this Court, one of the poorer clerks of the Court however, acted for him in the luttet capacity.
The local jurisdiction of the Court was similar to that of the Hoff ran Justietie in civil cases; but its power was limited to cases not exceeding in value the sum of 120 rix-dollars.
An appeal lay from its sentences to the Court of Justice at Colombo.
Prerious to the year 1783, the Commissaries for matrimonial affairs had formed a separate establishment, but at that period their functions were uuited to those of the Court for petty cases.
In their former capacity, all persons who proposed to marry (the Cinghalese and other natives excepted) were obliged to appear before the Coars, sho examined whether the parties contracting were related within the prohibited degress, or laboured ang under pre.contraet. If there were no lawsul impediment the parties were registered, and the secretary's certificate to the proctor of the Church authorized him to publish the banns of matrimony.
3rdly. The “ Landraod” was coustituted in the following manner : Tbe : Dessave or ('ollector of Colombo was the Permanent President. The metebers were the Fiscal, the Chief of the Mahabadde, or Chalias, the Tombo
keeper or Register of Lands, the Maha Modeliur of the Governor, tbo Modeliør • of the Collector, and the Secretary of the Court. There were also five or six other Meabers who were generally appointed from among such of the 'junior Merchants and Book-keepers of the company, as were out of employ, or whose employments were not sufficient to occupy their whole attention.. :
The Landraad in its original institution, was a Court established for the determination of contests among the Natives' respecting Lands, merely; its