Page images

taken for granted, as they appear to be drawn from authentic parliamentary documents; and the results are prodigious, indeed,

-far exceeding all example of former administrations. The following is one of the conclufions here deduced : Supposing the war to be continued (as Mr. Edea + says it probably will) for years, it cannot add lefs, every year, to our debt, than THIRTEEN Millions, exclusive of douceurs !

Chap. III. Gives us by way of contrast, the laudable example of the present administration of finance in France. The observations here made, on this topic, are grounded on the very commendable and highly popular edias issued in Oober and December last; the language of which, from the mouth of a French monarch, cannos fail of itriking, with singular force, the attention of every intelligent English reader.

Chap. IV. On the King's Civil Lift. For the incurred profufion in this department we refer to the pamphlet; only observing, after our Aathors, that notwithilanding his Majesty's large appointmeot, in 1760,- notwithstanding the vote of balf a million for the discharge of bis debts, in 1769,-notwithstanding a further benevolence of 618,3401. for the same purpose, in 1777,-notwithstanding there great overflowings of extraordinary supply,--yet, in the midit ofthe prefent expenfive war, the first Lord of the Treasury had the modefty

our Authors' word) to propose an augmentation to his Majesty's Civil Lift of 100,000l. per ann !!

Chap. V. Extraordinaries of the Army (here pointedly ftyled Lord North's Civil Lif). In Sect. I. we have a comparison of the present extraordinaries with those of former wars ; in which the exceedings are truly alarming. It appears from the fams here put down, that the extraordinaries for four years only of the preseot war, amount to ene million and a half sterling more than all the extraordinaries of King William's and Queen Anne's, and George the Second's first war together, which wars comprise the space of twenty-nine years!

Sect. Il. On the sums remitted to North America, of which no account has been given to parliament. Here is an account of dear four millions, for the years 1775, 1776, 1777, and 1778; the remittances for 1779 nor being yet brought in. * Beside the above-mencioned fum, the pay of the army is also remitted to America by Messrs. Harley and Drummond. The remictances, are somerimes made in Spanish or Portugal coin, and sometimes in English coin ; the quantity of the latter exported is said to have alarmed the Bank of England

Sect. 111, and IV. Contrails. For the enormities under this head, we refer to the Facts' at large.

Se&t. V. Bills drawn by Governors, More enormities, in a new : mode of profufion,

Sect. VI. Extraordinary Appointments, and contingent Bills. The abufes under this head'have allo the merit of novelty..

Se&. VII. Prefents to Indians. This section affords indubitable evidence that tomahawks and scalping-kaives are very expensive articles.

Sce our lait month's Review,

* In his Letter to Lord Cartine. P. 471,


[ocr errors]

Chap: VI. Ordnance Efimates. Here, for the sake of brevity. (the Reviewers economy) we must again refer.

Chap. VII. Navy Debt. (Lord Sandwich's Civil Lit). This branch of our public Debt is here ftared at 8 012,4151. of which the increase of lat year only was 2,833,4151. For the articles of extras vagance, and of abuses, enumerated in this chapter, we must, forther, desire our readers to consult ihe book.

Chap. VIIL Remarks on Lord North's Melhod of raising Money by Loars. Here, the Minister is charged with making contracts, and borrowing money, on higher terms than necelity required. The detriment to the public, under this head, will appear terrifying, in. deed, to those who do not think, with some gentlemen in admini. Iration, that the resources of this country are inexhaustible.

In conclusion, the public spirited writers observe, that if, in this our alarming situation, many words are necessary to excite us to vi. gorous and decisive exertions, we have already survived the liberties of our country: -We are now arrived at a period when either corsuprion must be choroughly purged from the senaie, or the nation is undone. If no remaining remedy can be found, by which this pertlence, can be quietly removed-a&um eft de republica. Let us fix the mark of the plague upon the doors of the houle, and then-let him that will die of the infection, enter" Art. 13. The Yorkshire Question, or Petition, or Address: Being

a short and fair State of the Case, on the Principles, the Views the Means, and the Objects of both Parties, as confessed by them. felves. Mot earnestly and seriously addressed to the Consideration of the People of England, assembled in their several County, City, , and fother Meetings. 8vo. 2d. Almon.

Considering Mr. Smelt's Tory principles, as avowed in his famous ffcech at the late Yorkmire meeting, as congeoial with the common sentiments of the party who call themselves ibe King's Friends, the Whiggith Author of this little pamphlet has given us his comment on the passages here referred to, and bas, very properly, exploded the principles of despotism with which they are obvioodly pregnant.-An account of Mc, Smelt's character and connections* is preáxed, and his speech, at length, is annexed.

This little, but seasonable, tract is of more importance than many of our political publications of greater bulk and higher price. On the whole, the friends of liberty will deem themselves much obliged to Mr. Smelt for his openness and honesty, whatever those of the coart-party may chink of his discretior. We are credibiy informed ) that a hrewd Yorkshire freeholder, who was present at the time when this Tuckless oration was delivered, could not forbear exclaiming, in a loud whisper to his ncighboot, who stood at his elbow-"E'faith! " this meaiter what's his name has letren the cat out o'ch'bag."

• He was formerly sub-governor to the prefent Prince of Wales; is gill, according to this pamphlet, in high favoar ac court, parti cularly, with bis Majesty,

Art. 14. An Address to the Freeholders of Midillefex, assembled

at Free Mason's Tavern, in Great Queen Street, Dec. 20, '779. Being the Day appointed for a Meeting of the Freeholders, for the Purpose of eltablishing Meetings to maintain and support the Freedom of Election. 8vo. 68. Dixwell, &c. The Author of this address is a close thinker, and a sound reasoner. His observations on county meetings are offered with a view to render such assemblies of real, conftitutional, and permanent effect, for redress of national grievances, and even, if occafion requise, for a te. formation of the constitution itself: the Writer's arguments are conceived with folidity, and urged with judgment and temper. Art. 15. The History of a French Louse'; or the Spy of a new

Species, in France and England: containing a Description of the most remarkable Personages in those Kingdoms. Giving a Key to the chief Events of the Year 1779, and those which are to happen in 1780. Translated from the 4th Edition of the revised and corrected Paris Copy, 8vo. 35. Becket. 1779. We gave some account of the French original (if the French was the original) of this political satire, in our last month's CatalogueIt is unneceflary to add any thing to what was then said concerning the character of the work. Art. 16. Five Letters, &c. 8vo.

8vo. Is. 6 d. Dixwell. When this political mail was first made up, it contained but çhree letters; which, as the dire&ions are rather long, we do not here repeat, being able to refer the reader to the Rev, vol. Ix. p. 322, where they are mentioned with some explanation of their contents. A few more are now put into the bag, under the fullowing superscrip

The fourth is addrefled to the monied men of Great Britain and Hel. lard; upon the subjeet of opening a policy of fubfcription for the reduction of ibe French isands in the West Indies. In return for which, the ab. folute property of these islands is to be guaranteed to the subscribers, upon ibe faitb.of an act of parliament. And the fifih is addresied to ihe nobility

, and landed intereft of Scotland ; upon the subject of appropriating the forfeited eftates of that kingdom to the purpose of maintaining five thousand men as a militia ; who, when not embodied, are to le employed in working upon the bigb.roads and other public works of that kingdom. To which is added, some remarks upon Sir Charles Bunburys sobime of fending the convies to the coast of Africa: and upon the present one in agitation, of creating work and task houses in the different counties of England, With some queries addressed to the Lard Lieutenants of the dif. ferent counties, upon the present eftablishment of the militia.

For the British parliament to grant French illands de jure, before they are in poffefsion de fatto, is å fpecies of anticipation, characterised in ancient saws, as reckoning chickens before they are hatched ; and as selling the bear's kin, &c. Such formal annucciation of intended conquests, calculated to inspire preparations for attack, would in greater proportion warn the poffeffors how to defend themselves. But schemes appear, to the happy inventors, very

On the subject of English and Scots militia, and on the employment of conviéts, the Writer throws out feveral good detached obferva. Rev. Jan. 1780.



tions :

feasible on paper.

tions, not being altogether fo bold a viGonary in domellic policy, as he appears in his foreign schemes and arrangements, Art. 17. Administration Diffected. In which the Grand Na

tional Culprits are laid open for the Public Inspection. 8vo. 45. fewed. Barker. 1779.

This Dissection is performed with a keen knife, and a bold hand. The malefactors being cut up, and exposed to public inspection, the metaphor drops in course; and we come, in plain terms, to speak of the book before us, as containing a political review of the present circumstances and situation of this country, fo far as both have been obviously affected by the conduct of government, since the commence ment of the unfortunate war with the American colonies.-The Adthors (for this track appears, like our Review, as the work of several bands) have entered on the discuffion of the subject, on a large scale of enquiry: extending to almost every principal branch of adminiftration. Their general conclusion is- That the remedies, which it were to be withed his majesty (feeling for the distresses of his people) would instantaneoofly apply to our wretched and desponding fitdation,' are obviously there :

•1. A dismiffion of every principal minister now employed.
II. The appoin' ment of men of GENIUS in lieu of those difmifed.
III. The punishment of a Commander at land, and another by fear
IV. A thorough confidence of the Sovereign in bis PEOPLE.

As it has often been urged, by the adherents of miniftry, when objecting to a change, that we can no where find more able, or better men, our Authors treat this obje&ion as frivolous and falfe. They contend, ibat nothing is wanting to extricate os out of our difficulties but GENIUS. * In chis MASTER QUALITY, the fpirned writers consider our present ftatesmen and commanders as totally de: ficient. To prove that genius has, at all times, and in all coantries, been found perfe&ly equal to the great work here cot out for it, our Authors enter into an historical detail of the illustrious actions of heaven-born leaders and heroes, in the military line especi. ally; and they conclude, that genius is ftill to be found, if we wilt but call it forth. And to direct us in the fearch of this inestimable jewel, they point to our prefent race of fenators, among whom may be found men of whom the greatest hopes may reasonably be formed, if we dare to entroft them with our political salvation. In the house of lords they have fingled out, in the following order, lord Lyttel. ton (deceased lince our Authors wroce), lord Camden, the duke of Richmond, lard Shelburne, the duke of Grafton, and the marquis of Rockingham. Iu the lower houfe, our Authors fix upon, first, Mr. Fox; on whose fuperior abilities, indeed, the highest expe&tztions may reasonably be raised. To this diftinguihed name they have added those of Mr. Burke, and colonel Barré; and here they top, presuming it'anneceffary to go through the list of men in the lower assembly, whofe genius and parts are capable of fuccoring their country.' We wonder, however, that the juftly honoured Dame of Sir George Saville escaped this mark of distinction.

• Both fufficiently pointed out in the book.


The mention of one or two of the names in the foregoing enume sacion, may poflibly raise a smile on the countenances of some of our Readers; bot let them peruse che pages before us, in which we find ebele several 'Dames so respectfully arranged ; let them attend wish caodour to what the Authors have said in support of the men and the measures they so ftrenuously recommend, and then we will an: swer for their agreement with us, at least, in this opinion, that the book ought not to be over-looked, and confounded, in the general mass of party-robbilh, which we see daily cast out of every pampblet fhop.--Though antiministerial, it is a very loyal performance.We fay loyal, because, however the Writers may have indulged chemfelves in the barselt modes of censuring his majesty's servants, they every where mention his MAJESTY himself in the highest and warmelt terms of affection and dutiful respect, In fhors, on the subject of REGAL AUTHORITY, we think they manile a fpirit to point blank opposed to the licentiousness of the times, that, perhaps, they would rather fand chargeable with the extremes of Taryifm, than be thought to favour the present growing partiality for republican prin. ciples, so visible among some of our polisical sectaries. Art. 18. Occasional Letters on Taxation ; on the Means of raising

the Supplies within the Year, to antwer che Expences of a necela fary War; and op fuch Means as would probably tend to secure Grear Britain and its natural Dependencies the Bleflings of Peace, or a durable Sytem. By an independent Man. 8vo.

I s. 6 d. Dodfley, 1785.

Thele Letters are reprinsed from an evening paper; they are 28 in number, and they contain fome judicious observations on the exigencies of the times, and the fubject of finance. Much is also urged on the expediency and neceffity of a speedy and cordial reunion with America, for which the Writer argues with real, but on moderate and liberal prisciples. He observes, in his prefatory advertisement, that his early years being spent in America, where he was many years employed as an officer in the navy, of courle gives him some advantages over the generality of his fellow subjects' and that if what he has presumed to say on the modes of conciliation with that country, and apon naval Subjects *, only furnith one fangle bint which may be wrooghi to public beneft, he will have a fulficiens equivalent for all chat pain he experiences in obtruding bis indigetied thoughts in fo homely a dress.' Art. 19. Observations on the Answer of the King of Great Britain

to the Manifefto, &c. of the Court of Verlaities. By an independent Whig. 410. 15. Fielding, &c. 1779. *

Declamation against declamation. Our Independent Wbig is : vehement advocate for the caure of the revoked colonies; whose independency be treats as a matter of : efablishment, as just as it is certain-The JUSTIFYING MEMORIAL here controveried, was pub. lilaed in the Morning Poft, and other prints, and this observer, confidering it as a document of fumeaubority, though not bearing the usual form of a flate-paper, bas judged it worthy of critical animadversion. He

* He has several important remarks, tending to the benefit of our aavy, for which we must refer to his pamphlet.

« PreviousContinue »