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is very severe on the British government. The king himself is not '{pared ; and yet the Author ceasures our courl' for the illiberał calumny' with which, as he says, it has been pleased to indulge itfelf against that of Versailles !'-Surely courts may be indulged in taking as much liberty with each other as a private observer prefumes to take with them! Art. 20. The Detail and Conduct of the American War, under

Generals Gage, Howe, Burgoyne, ard Vice Admiral Lord Howe: With a very full and correct State of the Whole of the Evidence, as given before a Committee of the House of Commons; and the celebrated Fugitive Pieces, which are said to have given rise to that important Enquiry. The Whole exhibiting a circumftantial, connected, and comple:e History of the real. Caufes, Rise, Progress, and present State of the American Rebellion. The Third Edition. 8vo. Richardson and Co. 1780.

This is a new and much enlarged and improved edition of a trae mentioned in our Review for July laft, entitled A View of the Evidence relative to the Conduat of ibe American War, &c. In the prefatory advertisement to the present edition, reasons are given for the alteration of the title ; with an account of the great additions, and new arrangement' of the work. The whole now forms a regular series of the transactions and progress of the American war. The Au: thor is rather violent in expressing his resentment again the revolsed Americans, the minority party at home, and some of our commanders, mentioned in the title-page, particularly the H-w-s; but we cannot fay that his zeal is without knowledge; for he appears to be a very well informed Writer, as well as a judicious compiler. Art. 21. Substance of the Speeches made in the House of Commons,

on the 15th of December 1779, on Mr. Burke's giving Notice of his Intention to bring in a Bill after the Christmas Recess, for the Retrenchment of Public Expences, and for the better securing the Independence of Parliament. 8vo. 6d. Almon. 1779.

An excellent Preface to a work laudably intended ' to correct the present prodigal constitution of the civil executive government of this kingdom.' The speakers who followed Mr. Burke, in support of his truly patriotic design, were lord John Cavendith, Mr. Dempfter, Mi. Fox, and Mr. Gilbert. Art. 22. A Letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Sandwich,

on the prelent Situation of Affairs. By a Sailor. 8vo. ! Wilkie. 1779.

If it be alked, who is this correspondent of lord Sandwich's?' let the answer be given in the Letter-writer's own words: I am a plain, open-hearted failor, zealous for the glory of my king and country, and ambitious of sheltering my sentimenis under your lord. fhip's name; whom I revere as the most induttrious and able friend to both.'

As a specimen of the jolly Tar's way of thinking about the prefent situation of affairs,' 'our Readers will accept the following pafsage: 'Well meaning men are often deluded by a bold affertion, and confident declamation. To win their good opinion of the measures generally taken by adminiftration, and to persuade them that the English are not an entirely ruined people, is my present ambition. To shew them, also, that I write the words of truth and foberness, and that the present opposition to the necessary iteps taken by bis majeity's servants, in the state, for the safecy and honour of their counwy, proceeds from the most nefarious profligacy of sentimert, is the plan on which I direct my discourse to you!!

Honest Binacle may, no doubt, be a good seaman, and may be usefully employed, with his friend Sir H. P. when knotting and {plicing, to repair che damages received in a brush with the French; but what has he to do with pen and ink, except in keeping the hip's journal, os log-book? Art. 23. Ox Government. Addressed to the Public. By Thomaz Wycliffe, of Liverpool, 8vo. 45. Warrington printed, 1779

This is a new edition of a tract first published, without the Au. chor's name, and mentioned in the 55th vol. of our Review, p. 317. The Writer bas now much enlarged his work throughout; and has added two entire new chapters, one on the Supreme Power of a State (which he lodges with the people), and another on the internal Goovernment of Great Britain. In this last division of his work, he propoles a new plan of parliamentary deputation, by which the people would be more equally represented than they are at present; an objeli, no doubt, of the utmolt importance to the political welfare of this country.

Mr. W.'s plan is illustrated by an out-line map of England, according to his new division of the kingdom, viz. into 69 counties, to be represented in parliament by 292 county members, and 197 members for parishes. On this novel proposal, the Author comments in the following terms:

' Should such an alteration as this be made, then the representa tives chosen by each place would bear fome degree of proportion to its consequence, and the weight that each place ought to have in government; and all the representatives being dependent on their conftituents, under such a constitution of government' as this, the yoice of parliament would be the voice of the people, and would be, in the strictelt lense of the word, self-GOVERNMENT.'

Bur Mr. W. does not confine the confideration of this supposed division of counties entirely to the object of an equal parliamentary representation. He thinks it may be rendered useful to the state in other impor:ant respects; but for these particulars we must refer to his treatise at large;-in which the reader will meet with many obserá vations worthy the attention of those who have a turn for specula. tion on plans of national improvement, Many, however, will con fider his project of an universal empiré, of which Great Britain is to be the centre, and seat of government, as a most curious piece of Utopian castle-building; especially as the proposal happens to be made at a time when, in the opinion of many, the ein pire of Great. Britain, ishtead of being extended on Mr. W.'s valt and comprehenlive scale, seems rather to be verging apace towards a mortifying reduction, if not a total subverkon.

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L A w. Art. 24. Thoughts on the Extension of Penal Laws.' With some

Remarks on a Memorial delivered to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of bis Majesty's Treafury by a Committee of Tea Dealers, Feb. 2, 1779. 8vo. 13. Wilkie.

1779.' The excise laws, it is well known, received a confiderable aceerfion both of bolk and Itrength from a farure which passed in the last feflions of parliament, and which probably took its rise from the me. moriał alluded to in the title-page. It is natural for those who suffer, to complain; and it is not unwise in those who complain, to point out such means as they think likely to prevens, or remedy, ebe ills 'they suffer. The framers and presenters of that memorial were considerable traders; and in order to check the growth of smog. gling (the practice of which they conceived to be so injurious to the sevenue, and which they felt to be fo detrimental to trade) they subjoined to their memorial a proposal for some future regulations and refrictions, that feemed to them most elñcacious for this purpose. This proposal excites the indignation of our Pamphleteer. Mark his ápoltrophè to these recreant tta dealers. • Blush, if ignorance will permit you! Be feed and heard no more! Or if you will, be conflent, and let oppreffion be the theme! Nursed with the milk of monopoly, follow the practice long lince adopted; combine and crush the little dealers round you, and give over your attempts to undermine the grand and poble fabric of our liberties, which has already cost us so many millions of treasure, and an inundation of blood to rear and support.' This is certainly magnificent language! Voilà le vrai sublime !

Whoever is fond of tracing the coincidences of expression between great writers, will be amused to find how nearly in some passages this Writer approximates to Junius's Letter to the K-. The following fentences are selected from each, and compared. Our Author thus fpeaks of Mr. Alderman Ball, whose name, be observes with fome concern,' subscribed to this offensive memorial :

• I am fill inclined to make an indulgent allowance for the pernicious lessons he received from these arch-projectors.'

Junius to bis M-. “ We are still inclined to make an indulgent allowance for the pernicious leffons you received in your youth."

This Author to Mr. Alderman Bull. . I am onwilling to think him capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of subjects, on which all their civil and political liberties depend.

junius to bis M-:“ We are far from thinking you capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of your subjects, on which all their civil and political liberties depend."

This Author to Mr. Bulle. «Banifh from your mind the unworthy opinions with which those interested persons have laboured to possess

Junius." Banish from your mind those unworthy opinions with which fome intereked perfans have laboured to possess you.”

Whether so unusual a similarity of phrase be the result of accident or artifice, we cannot determine. We would not, without strong evidence, pronounce this Writer guilty of plagiarism, because “ We



are unwilling to think him capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights" of another author. Art. 25. Thoughts on Martial Law, and on the Proceedings of

General Coarts Marcial. 410. 25, 6d. Becket. 1779 That celerity of decision, which the exigencies of war reqqire, is in

a great meafare ic.compatible with the fcrupulous investigation and caarious formalities, which ocght to be adhered to in the adminiftration of civil justice. Hence every attempt to aslimilate the mártial to the common law will be found extremely difficult ; if not altogether impracticable. Martial law (we are told by the best writers) is built upon no ser:!ed principles, but is entirely arbitrary, in its decisions, and is in reality no law, but fomething indulged, rather thaa allowed as law.? Yet it is surely to be wilhed, that those gallant men, whom enthusiasm impels, or public necessity calls forth, to the public service, thould not be left unguarded by the laws of that country which their valour is employed to defend. When we consider how many of our fellow subjets wie, in time of war, amenable to a military tribunal, we cannot but regret' that ihey should for eit as foldiers, the rights they puffessed as citizens; and that their lives and liberties should be less anxiously watched over and protected by the barriers of law, than those of any other order of men. The delign of this sensible and well-timed tract is to reduce into form and precision, the proceedings of courts martial; and in the course of it the Author hash soggelted many valuable hints for the improvement of this mode of trial. He has certainly a claim to the attention and gratitude of all military men ; to their attention, from the information be communicates ; to their gratitude, for the benevolence he expresses: --for be acquaints them, that if his efforts tend to secure the wellbeing or fafety of even the lowelt veteran of the camp,' his purpose will be fully answered.

MILITARY AFFAIRS. Art. 26. The Military Instructor for non-commiffioned Officers

and private Men of the Infantry. By Tbomas Simes, Esq; lace of the Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot; and Author of the Military Goide, &c. Second Edition. 12mo. 29. od. Almon, &c.

In this publication, which we do not recollect seeing before, though it is called the second edition, the Author bas supplied the deficiency we remarked in the accouor of his Military Guide and by the infructions and precedents it contains, it promises to be a very useful manual for all intelligeot fubalcerns and private men in military service,

P.OETICAL, Art. 27. The Vifion: A Poem, on the Death of Lord Lyttelton.

Inscribed to the Right Hon. the Earl of Abingdon. 46o. 18 Millidge. The story of Lord Lyttelton's apparition.lady, thrown into verse ; with a handful of good, honeft oppofition-politics, toss'd in for a maks-weight, This inexorable poet, and patriot, condemns all the

See Rev. vol. lin. p. 303.



ministerial rogues t to an ignominious death in this world, and eternal damnation in the next:

« Nor shall their punishment on earth atone,
In endless torments they shall ever groan.'

Oh! oh! oh!!!.
Art, 28. Poems, by Mr. Joseph Holden Pott. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d.

Becket. 1779. This little Miscellany, conilling of Odes, Elegies, &c. carries with it many marks of a cultivated mind. The Odes, which form the principal part of the collection, are easy and harmonious ; and if they abound not in any great itrokes of origiral genius, they are, at leat, not deftitute of thoie graces which spring from a true and elegant talte.

At the end of the volume are added Poemata Latina. Of these, none are wholly without merit; but the last, in our opinion, is the best.

AMERICAN AFFAIRS. Art. 29. Cool Thoughts on the Consequences to Great Britain of

American Independence; on the Expence of Great Britain in the Settlement and Defence of the American Colonies; and on the Value and Importance of the American Colonies and the West Indies to the British Empire. 8vo. is. Wilkie, 1780.

The Author sets out with observing, that the independence of America has been long since recommended, by a learned and ingenious author *, as beneficial to Great Britain ; that the plaufibility of his arguments has made some proselytes ; and that it has even produced a motion in the House of Commons, to that end,' . Whether,' says this writer, the boldness or novelty of the sentiment has been mistaken for truth, I fall not determine; this, however, is certaio, that at the first view of a proposition to dismember from a fate 3,000,000 of its subjects, and ibe far greater part of its territory, reason takes the alarm, and creates in the mind strong suspicions that it cannot be well founded.'— To prove that it is ill founded, is the main bagness of this temperate and judicious performance. By a candid tlate of facts, and a series of jutt and pertinent remarks, he shews the ruinous consequences [to this country) of a plan, by which Great Britain must give up not only the greatelt part of its territory, and more than one fourth of its people, but likewise near one half of its come merce, (the trade to Ireland and the Eait Indies excepted), foreign as well as Colonial. The consequences he deduces are the decay, if not the ruin of the best sources of wealth and strength in the empire: more efpecially, as a great part of what we fall give up, mult fall into the hands of our natural and determined enemies.'

This pamphlet is juftly entitled Cool Thoughts. The Author difcusses his subjects in a decent and dispasionate, though very earnest aod serious ftrain : in which the Americans are not abused as rebels, nor is government traduced with accusations of despotism. The

† This is a mistake, Maiter Reviewer! the Author does not say rogues : he only calls the gentlemen titled traitors,' and hellih crew,'

PRINTER's Devil, * Dean Tucker,


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