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question, indeed, as to the grounds of our quarrel with the Colonies, is totally avoided : the writer having wholly confined himself to the discution of the fingle point which he had 'in view, viz. The fatal consequence [to Great Britain) of American independence, thould that scheme be firmly established. Art. 30. Observations on American Independency. 8vo. 6 d.
Edinburgh. This North-Britisha publication appears (and to fome it seems a phe. nomenon) in favour of American Independency; which the writer fupposes, on commercial principles, to be the most advantageous ground on which we can setilè our differences with the revolted Colonies. The Author reasons like a man of sense, moderation, and hu. manity; and he appears to have formed just notions of the value of that commercial intercourse which hath subfified, or that may, here. after, subatt between Great Britain and North America,- thould the larter become Independent.-We perfectly agree with him in his conclofive reflection, that if there be any truth in the arguments now offered to prove that the Independency of America, initead of being a loss to the trade, manufactures, and marine of Britain, will rather enlarge and increase them,-what pity is it that this plan of reconciliation bad not been agreed to sooner !– He takes leave of his Readers in the following terms, after mentioning the necesity of our taking care to prevent America's falling under the influence or depen. dence of other nations : " If these observations,' says he, 'shall have any effect to promote that purpose' (of prevention), the Author will deserve the name of a True BRITON; rather than those who, through mistaken principles, have lost the natural feelings of humanity, and can hear of burning and desolation without regret, and without properly considering the consequences of such un political barbarity.' Art. 31. Letters of Papinian; in which the Conduct, present
State and Prospects of the American Congress are examined. 8vo. is 6d. New York printed: London reprinted, for Wilkie, 1779.
According to the account of this writer, the Conduct' of the Congress has been altogether Machiavelian, tyrannical, and wickedtheir Present State' is desperate-and their . Profpects' present them only with scenes of wretchedness and irretrievable ruin. He calcu. Jates the loss already fuitained by the Americans, including their public debt to France, at above 80 million's iterling; and concludes with warmly and pathetically exhorting the people to abandon the miserable and hopeless cause in which they have been so unhäppily engaged ; to return to the protection of Great Britain, and thereby procure to themselves the restoration of peace, freedom, and security :' blerfings which (he is very certain they can never hope to enjoy, while they remain under the destructive power and mifgovernment of their present despots. --Such are the ideas of a very plausible writer ; but we mast make allowances for the zeal and prejudices of party. And we most remember, too, that misrepresentation is sometimes deemed good policy: though. HONESTY is said to be the best.
MEDICA L. Art. 32. Animadversiones de Natura Hydropis, ejufque Curatione.
Auctore Francisco Milman, M. D. Coil. Reg. Med. Lond. & Reg. Societ. Lond. Socio. 8vo. 35. sewed. Dodiley. 1779.
The principal view of this Writer appears to be, the answering a query propoied by Sir George Baker, in the second volume of the Tiledical Transactions, whether more cures of the dropsy right not be effected, if a greater indulgence, in respect to drink, were allowed to the patients? Dr. Milman was first led to incline cowards the af. firmative of this quellion, by the opporeunity he had, while abroad, of observing the Success which attended the use of Bicher's tonic pills in France, and the practice of Dr. Collin at Vienna, in both which no reftriction in diluent drinks was enjoined. He likewise observed, that the directions given by Hippocrates, in the cure of this disease, corresponded in general with this idea; and he employs a confiderable part of his work in commenting on what the venerable father of phyfic has said on this fubject, and endeavouring to reconcile some apparent contradictions in his doctrine. Finally, our Author refers to his own practice, in the Middlesex Hospital, for ad. ditional confirmation of the utility of dilucing liquors in dropsical cases, which he allows, with the Hippocratic intention of prepar. ing the body for the operation of medicines; and particularly of promoting the efficacy of diuretics, on which he chiefly depends for be cure of the droply. The general method of treatment he lays down, is, to begin with some finart hydragogue purgatives, and then to employ diuretics, such as the faline mixture, rquills, and decoction of feneka root, together with the following drink: in a quart of barley water, half an ounce of Creme of Tartar is dissolved, and a little fugar and proof fpirit is added.' of this the patient is permitted to drink at pleasure. By this method, a copious discharge of arine was usually procured in a short time ; and where the cate® was tolerably favourable, a cure was generally effected. The bistorics of some cases, treated in this manner, are subjoined ; and the ap. pearaaces (on diffection) of those which terminated fatally, are added, Da the whole, we cannot but think, ihat the learned author has done a great deal towards establihing his point, and has suggested a considerable improvement in the treatment of a very obstinate and dangerous disorder.
An Appendix co the work contains an account of the manner of preparing and compoking Bacher's pills. The principal remedy is an extract of black hellebore, prepared in a more troublesome a.id elaborate manner than is probably necessary. It is formed into pills by the addition of Myrrh, arid powder of Carduus Benedi&us.
MISC ELL À NEO U $. Art. 33. Ilancyít, five Tragediarum Græcarum Delectus :
Cum Adnotatione Johannis Burton. Editio altera, cui Observa. tiones, Indicemque Græcum longe auctiorem et emendatiorem, adjecit Thomas Burgers, A.B. e CC.C. 80. 2 Vols. 1o's. 6 d. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press.
The established reputation and known character of Dr. Burton's Pentalogia make any comment that can now be passed upon it unne.
ceffary. Nothing can bear greater testimony to its merit than the attention which has been bestowed upon the present edition. Mr. Burzels feems to have spared no pains in rendering it, in every respect, as complete as possible. The erudition, fidelity, and 'diligence which are conspicuous in his Observationes, entitle him to a confiderable fare of praise. Though he expresses himself, on every occasion, with diffidence and modesty, yet, when he thinks it necefsary to combat the opinions of others, he delivers his sentiments with that manly kind of confidence, which is, at once, both liberal and becoming.
... To accommodare the purchasers of the first edition, that part of the work which more properly belongs to Mr. B. namely, the Objervationes, &c. may be had separately. Art. 34. A Marine Proposal for the Advancement of private In
tereft upon the honorary Basis of public Utility; or, Á Plan for the Equipment and Employment of a powerful Fleet of private Ships of War, on a more patrio:ic, extendive, secure, and profitable Scale, than ever hitherto attempted : in the Benefit of which, every opulent Individual is invited to participate. 8vo. Is Millan. 1779.
To change the spirit of adventure, which fo strongly characterises the prefent age, from a private vice to a public benefit, is a good thought; but whether the application of it to the scheme here proposed, be practicable or not, Time, which reveals most things, will perhaps thew.
Our Projector's general idea, is to raise, by subscription, among the great and the opalent, an affociated Aeet, confisting of fifty privateers, to cruise in concert, in ten divisions, of five thips each, in various parts of Europe and America. He settles the disposition, or ftations, of the several divisions of this fleet, in such a manner, that he pronounces it hardly possible for the trade of our enemies to escape, as such of their ships as missed one division, would, almolt at a certainty, be intercepted by some or other of them.'
We have not room for the particolars of this plan, nor for the Author's reasoning on any of them. We shall, sherefore, only add, that something of the kind here projected, might posibly be accomplished, were a few active people, of consequence and influence, earneitly to set about carrying the proposal into execusion. We may fee, as this Writer jully obrerves, a Itriking iottagce.of the efficacy of well-appointed small squadrons, in the fuccess of that commanded by our joveterate enemy Paul Jones' and he adds, the capture and loss of at least half the privateers chat have hitherto been fitted out, and thereby of some thoufands of our ableft : feamen, is a fatal demonstration of the gross error of the ordinary system of privateering, that is, by fingle Thips, without any restriểion in point of force." Art. 35. Memoirs of the Life and Death of the Right Honourable
the Lord Deputy Wandesforde. Collected from authentic Records and Ms. By his great great Grandson Thomas Comber, LL.D. Rector of Buckworth and Morborne, Huntingdon shire, and ChapJain to the Counters Dowager of Balcarras. Vol. II. I 2mo. 25. 6 d. Cambridge printed. London, fold by Becket, &c. 1778
This book is to be conlidered as the second volume of a work, the for All of which was published in 1777. The title of that volume is,
• A Book • A Book of Infructions, written by Sir Christopher Wandesforde, &c. to his Son, &c.'' For some account of whict, we refer our readers to the Monthly Catalogue of our Review for June (in the year above mentioned), p. 483. Dr. Comber has here added to the Book of Inftructions, several particulars concerning the life of the Author, which are chiefly compiled from memorandums, written by Mrs. Thornton, his daughter, a woman of excellent understandinga and exemplary piery. We apprehend, we cannot give a better view of the nature of the performance, than by extracting the following passage from the dedication of the work to the Marquis of Caermarthen,
• In these memoirs, your Lordship and the public have the faithful portrait of a great man, a great itateiman, and (which is far the greatest and nobielt chara&ter) a great chriflian. Your Lordhip fees him delincated through all the ttages of lite and fortune.
• You see him from a private school repairing to the university, early leaving that feminary of learning, not to fank among dogs and horses, nor the scarce less brutal pack of drunkards and electioneers, but commencing country gentleman, improver of his lands and of his mind, commencing patriot and orator in the scene, which you, my Lord, adorn, the House of Commons; becoming patriot in oppolition to a mot flagitious favourite, and obtaining by dint of natural eloquence the public bleungs of the Petition of Right; you see hina, my Lord, becoming a courtier at a memorable period, when to have continued in oppolion, must have been little better than to have commenced rebel.
Then your Lord hip will survey kim discharging the part of a minillur, faccettively the office of Matter of the Rolls, of Lord Justice, and foally, of Lord Depuiy in Ireland, and going thence happily to heaven; not like Lord Strafford, from a scaffold, but froin iris bed, wnute pillows are turled with rejolution and patience, the down of content, and the blelings and congratulations of all who wished the profperity of their country, and apparently like a fajot affliated with the foretaste of his Britain's sufferings, from the unnaturai union of popery and puritanijin. In short, my good Lord, as deservedly happy, as any true Englishman in thole critically fad times could be!
The union of puritanism and popery does indeed seem very unnatural; it is probable, the Author, lately deceased, would have found himself reduced to a perplexing dilemma, if he had been required to prove his a fiertion concerning it; though it is posible, that parties, in very different fentiments, may fairly and honourably concur in promoting a particular purpose: But on this subject we lhall nor contend.
The Lord Deputy Wandesforde appears to have been a man of piety and integrity; and properly recommended as an example, worthy of regard. One instance of his probity deserves particolar noiice: He was engaged in the management of a cbancery fuit, for fome near relations, in which an eltate of above 2000l. per annum, evas depending : from the account here given, there could be no doubt of his gaining the cause before any impartial judges. • pa the day of trial, he was told by an intimate friend, "I know çerainly, that'a coach with a bribe of io.cl is gone this yery morning to the Lord Chancellor's. The weight of this will certainly bear down the equity of your cause, if you do not throw an heaviet passe into the other scale." Mr. Wandesforde answered, “ I will omit po lawful means of recovering my own and my relation's rights. But fince God has declared to the judge, Thou jvalt not take a gift, I think it onlawful to give one; and therefore, it this great ellate could be redeemed with a bribe of 5.4. I would not give it. If I cannot recover our rights by fair means, I thall conclude, that God sees it not good that we lould recover thein. If we lose this eitate, God can give much greater. Therefore the Lord's will be done!"
Mr. Wandesforde was conllapily connected with Sir Thomas Wentworth, afterwards Lord Strafford, and acted in conjunction with him in Ireland, before be was Lord Deputy himself. Some persons will thiok it difficult to reconcile this with other parts of his characker and conduct,
The materials of this work are not put together in the most orderly and agreeable manner; but the piety and virtue which are so lauda ably exhibited in it, call for attention and imisation, Art. 36. Itineraria Symonis Simeonis, et Willelmi di Worcestri.
Quibus accedit, Tractatus de Metro, in quo iraduntur regula a Scriptoribus medii ævi in Versibus Lconinis obfervata, &c. The Itineraries of Symon, Son of Simeon, and William of Worcester. To which is added, A Tract, exhibiting the Rules observed by the Writers of the middle Age, in their Leonine Verses. Now first published from the Manuscripts in the Library of Corpus Chrifti College, Cambridge. By James Namith, A.M. S. A. S. and lately Fellow of the fame College. 8vo. 1os. 6 d. sewed. Cambridge, printed. Sold by T. Payne, &c. in London.
These journals are curious, as ancient monuments, though pot very inftructive or entertaining. That of Sym
mon was written: A. D. 1322. It gives an account of his journey to che Holy Land, in company with his brother Hugo. Some few places in England
are saken notice of, as well as foreign paris. ' He speaks much of the Maho metans, and of the treatment he met with among them; of Egypt, and of many places in Canaan, which they viliced in a devotional view. The thread of the narration is interrupted for a time, while Symon laments, which he does very pathetically indeed, the death of his brother Hugo, which happened at Cairo in Egypt.
This Latin manuscript is imperfect ; but it is not without fome pleasure that we read dis old, though thort, account of the ttare of places, "&c. in those days: Symon was
Symon vas' 'Doctor in divinity, and feems to have been a native of Ireland.”
William of Worceket appears to lefs advantage, in his itinerary, than Symon; who wsites much better, and more to the purpose. He was the author of many writings. This, which is the greatest
of the volume before us, might rather have been called, as the Editor observes, Colleâanta, 'or Adverfaria, as things are not placed in any proper order, and some are altogether foreiga from his imme. diate purpose. It was written in 1478; and contiits of observations made in a journey from Bristol 'to St. Michael's, Cornwall. He was a pative of Bristól; a man of great industry, and several matrers are related by him, especially regarding the English copography and antiquities, which may be searched for in other works in vain; but,