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says the Editor juftly, muft we not lament that his style is so rude and barbarous, that he heaps together a number of trifles, and palies by in filence things, an account of which pofterity would have received with avidity ? that whole pages are consumed in the measurement of churches and itreets, while no description is given of the buildings themselves? We must then regard William of Worcester as a man moderately learned, of no bright genius, more semarkable for application than for judgment and acumen. The work before us, however, certainly has its use in refpeâ to history, as well as topography; and muft, accordingly, be valued by the antiquary.'

The litde traconcerning Metre, is said to have been written in the 15th century; Dr. Matthew Parker, Archbifhop of Canterbury, has remarked, on a plain leaf of this manuscript, that no book is lo contemptible but it may prove of fome use, and that the method here pointed out for composing a particular (and fanciful) kind of verse, may not easily be found elsewhere.

COMMERCIAL. Art. 37. Epiftolæ Commerciales; or, Commercial Letters, in

Five Languages, viz, Italian, English, French, Spanish, and Por: tuguese, with their respective Idioms distinctly pointed out, written on various interesting Subjects, in the Modern mercantiie Style, as now practised; all which are carefully selected from original Letters, as they fand in the Copy Books of the most eminent Merchants in Europe,and are here exhibited under fialitious Names, &c. The whole fo methodically digested as to serve as Models for a regular Correspondence, &c.' To which are added, Mercantile and Maritime Vocabularies, of each Tongae, &c. &c. By Charles Wiseman, Notary Pablic, and Translator of all the above Languages. Printed for the Author, and Sold by B. Law, in Ave-Mary Lane. 6s. boards. 1779.

There is no doubt but many occasions may occur, in which a book of this kind will be found useful in the accompring-house of a merchant.

MATH E M AT I C s. Art. 38. The Nautical Almanac and Afronomical Ephemer'is for

the Year 1781. Published by Order of the Commisioners of Longitude. 8vo. 38. 6d. Nourse. 1779.

It is with great satisfaction that we see this useful and laborious work continued, and conducted in the fame careful and accurate manner as at first, Its superiority in this respect, as well as in the extent and usefulness of the articles contained in it, over every fimilar publication in Europe, is abrioys to, and confeffed by every judicious altronomer, both of our own and other nations; infomuch that in the most ancient publications of this kind *, the Editors now content themselves with copying profeffedly the calculations from this work, allowing only the difference between the meridian of Greenwich, and that of the place to which theirs is adapted.

To this Almanac, there is added a Collection of Allronomic Pro-blems, useful at sea. By the Rex. John Edwards, B. A. And also,

• Connoissance de Temps, published by order of the Royal Academy of Science at Paris.

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portant End.

an addition to the logarithmic solar tables, annexed to the Nautical Almanac of 1771. By the same.

RELIGIOUS. Art. 39. An Enquiry into the Design of the Christian Sabbath, and the Manner in which it thould be observed, to answer iis im

12mo. Is. Dilly. 1779. A plain and serious address to the public, on a subject of acknow ledged importance, 'recommending, not only a conitant attendance on the inftitutions of religion, but a careful improvement of the leisure which the Sunday affords, in acquiring religious knowledge, and cultivating the principles of virtue and piery, by reading and meditation. Though there is no:hing sufficiently original in the Author's ideas to command the prention of the learned, or striking ia his manner of writing, to engage the notice of those who are indifferent to the fubje&t of which be treats, his reflexions, however, are such as may afford pleasure and improvement to the pious Chriftian,

S E R M O N S. I. Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, July 1, 1779. On the Anni

versary Meeting of the Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary, By Lewis Bagos, LL. D. Dean of Chrif Church. Published at the Requeft of the Governors, for the Benefit of the Charity, 410. 1 s. Rivington.

A fenfible and elegant discourse, judicioully adapted to the occaGOD 00 which it was delivered. II. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitby, before the Friendly

Society, at their Anniversary Meeting on Whic-Monday, 1779, and publithed at their Request. By the Rev. Joseph Robertson, Curate of the said Church. 410. York, printed; London, Sold by Baldwin, &c. • Every member of the Friendly Society,' we are told in a note, .by contributing eight-pence per month, is allowed five fillings a week out of the joint fock, when rendered incapable of working by fckness, lameness, or blindness. On the decease of any member, bis widow receives five pounds for defraying his funeral expences : and when any member's wife dies, he is allowed forty thillings for the fame purpose.' We conclude also, though we are not direally informed, that a collection is made at the time of the feraion for fırpporting this design. Mr. Robertson, in this discourse, orges the exercise of charity by convincing arguments, and pathetic reprefentations, III. Preached before the President and Governors of the Marine

Society, at St. George's, Hanover-Square, on their Anniversary · Meeting, April 13, 2779. By, Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of St. Mary's, Whitechapel. 'n Jong

Io this discourse, the preacher infifts at large on the utility of the Marine Society, and recommends the support of the inftitution, with mach ftrength of argument, and animation of language. An ac. coant of the receipts and disburfements of the Society is fubjoined. AV, Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Confecration of the Right

Rev. John Warren, D.D. Lord Bishop of St. David's ; September 19, 1779. By Benjamin Newton, M. A. Vicar of Sandhurst, in the County and Diocese of Gloucester. Published by Command of his Grace the Archbishop. 410. ! Ši Bathurit.

in 2

In this sermon, the Writer discovers two qualities, which may frem in some degree to oppose each other, exceflive modesty, and excessive zeal. In his great modely, he ranks himself with babes and sucklings, in the presence of him who has called him to the honourable en. ployment,' of preaching this discourse. In his great zeal again it, what he repeatedly styles (we suppose by the figure of fpeech call. ed redundancy) the false counterfeit of contempt~' an infernal spirit,' which, he says, "exalteth itfelf above all order, government, and authority, whatsoever, and threatens to fubvert every principle of duty.' -He exhorts his reverend hearers to imitate the example of David, who not only fed the Aock committed to his charge with a faithful and true beart, but also ruled them prudently with all his power; and calls upon them, by a firm and vigorous exertion of the fame means, to reftrain the overflowings of ungodliness.'

Mr. Newton has not explained the nature of the crime which gives him so much offence, nor informed us what means he wishes the church to exert for its punilhment. But, since he calls upon her to use all her power, there seems to be some ground to fufpe&t, that he means to rouse the monster, which, though formerly fo terrible, has of late, to the fatisfaction of all good men, quietly slept in his den:

atque immania terga refolvit Fufus humi. Why, ye ministers of peace, fould ye wish to disturb his repose ? Or how can ye answer it to the Prince OF PEACE, whom ye profess to ferve, if, having once seen his footiteps marked with blood, ye àgain unbind his chains, and send him through the world, Juking whom he may devour? V. The Obligation and Importance of searching the Scriptures, as a

Preservative from Popery. Preached at Salter's Hall, Nov. 5, 1779. To the Society that support the Lord's Day Evening. Lec. ture, at that Place; and published at the Request of the Society. By Abraham Rees. 8vo. 6d. Longman, &c. 1779.

Dr. Rees proves, by clear and convincing arguments, the certain and unalienable right which all persons have to possess the fcriptures in their own language, and also the obligation incumbent on Chrif. tians to improve, with diligence, chis benefit which Divine Provi. deoce puts into their hands. The reasoning he employs, shakes the very foundation of the papal fabric, as it does also of all merely human impohtions, in matters of conscience and religion. Search the Scriptures!

C.D.'s favour is received, and will be more particularly acknowleged in our next.

Mr. Barker's Letter will find a place at the end of our next number,

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** The Plan for Recruiting the British Army, by the Hon. and Rev. James Cochrane, was noticed in the Review for O&tober.

Philo-Scriblerus's Letter is received.

1

Τ Η Ε

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For FEBRUARY, 1780.

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Art. 1. Lectures on the universal Principles and Duties of Religion and

Morality, &c. By the Rev. David Williams, CONCLUDED. our laft. TE have already given an account of the nature and dea

sign of the institution in Margaret-Street, and spoken our sentiments of its merits and utility, with impartiality and freedom :-at the same time we have attempted to do justice to the ingenuity of Mr. Williams, and have selected some passages from his Lectures, to justify the compliment which we have paid to bis abilities.

The fourth Lecture, on " the Knowledge of the Deity,” contains some spirited and sensible reflections on the conduct of those zealous Christians, whose thoughts, and passions, and tongues are earnestly employed in controversies on unessential principles,'—whom our Author compares to “ soldiers who are fighting for insignificant outworks, when the very citadel is every moment in danger of being taken."_* The absurdities (continues Mr. Williams) alleged concerning God, have been so numerous and gross, both in Heathen and Christian writers, that those persons who now lead the opinions of a great part of Europe, controvert the first principle itself, and doubt, if not dispute, whether there be a God at all. Surely then there is fome appearance of merit in stepping on this only ground of danger; and a man can hardly be justly represented as an enemy to the peace of society, and aiming at the subversion of religion, when he shews an alacrity and zeal in the defence of those principles without which there could be no religion at all: -- those principles which men of all nations and all opinions agree to be the foundation of all virtue and all happiness. Perfons whose information and knowledge reach only to the neighbourhood in which they live, are wholly occupied by the transVol. LXII.

actions

actions of that neighbourhood. Small societies of religious persons are, in the same manner, confined by their knowledge, and they contend for principles to no purpose, unless it be to injure and spoil their own tempers. The doctrines which dira tinguish the several fects of Christianity are not matters of 20tice to the present abettors of infidelity; even the truth and authenticity of Christianity they confider as a matter out of the question. They have, therefore, collected all their force of philosophy, of reason, wit, and humour, to be employed against the being of God. This is the present object and employment of what may be called infidelity.'

Mr. Williams is undoubtediy right in the representation which he hath given of the controverfies which divide the Chris. tian Church-Controversies of the last importance to their abettors, but totally difregarded by writers who move in another sphere of speculation. It is the error of little minds to suppose that all the world is interested in matters which principally command their attention ; and they are surprised when they find otbers ignorant of the rise and progress of disputes which they have attended to with unvaried care

and folemnity. We cannot better illustrate this remark than by relating an anecdote of a fingular kind concerning two heroes of different complexions, but of the same local and contracted sentiments.

A nobleman, well known on the turf, accidentally fell in company with a gentleman whose heart and head were chiefly occupied with some small controversies that had lately taken place among the two sects of Methodism. The man of zeal very eagerly asked his Lordship, if he had seen Mr. Hill's Farrago ? His Lordship, whose ideas ran on Newmarket, whither he was at that time bound, replied he had not-and begged the gentleman to inform him by whom Farrage was made.“ Made ? - Why I told you my Lord-by Mr. Hill himfelf.”. “ The d he was, said my Lord ;-pray, Sir, out of what mare?”_" Mare ? my Lord—I don't underftand you.”—“ Noe understand me! said the noble jockey. Why, is it not a horse you are talking about ?"-"A horse! my Lord—why you are Itrangely out.-No, I am not talking about a horse. I am talking about a book."--"A book?"-"Yes, my Lord, and a most excellent one indeed, against John Wesley and universal redemption, by Mr. Rowland Hill--the GREAT Mr. Hill, my Lord, whom every body knows to be the first preacher of the age, and the son of the first baronet in the kingdom."-" I ask his pardon, said his Lordship, for not having heard either of him or his book. But I really thought you was talking about a horse for Newmarket." It is indeed of little consequence to

those persons who now lead the opinions of a great part of Europe, whether Mr. Rowland Hill's Farrago be a horse or a

book :

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