## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 77

The

per second for every micro system in the state 2 . The reciprocal value of this

The

**coefficient**A12 is a measure for the mean number of spontaneous transitionsper second for every micro system in the state 2 . The reciprocal value of this

**coefficient**, denoted by T12 , is the average lifetime of a micro system in state 2 .Page 209

21 ) where a = alf - fe ) is the Raman amplification

frequency , f ; fp is the frequency of the pump ; and y is the loss

optical fiber . It is commonly assumed that the losses of the pump and the ...

21 ) where a = alf - fe ) is the Raman amplification

**coefficient**, depending on thefrequency , f ; fp is the frequency of the pump ; and y is the loss

**coefficient**in theoptical fiber . It is commonly assumed that the losses of the pump and the ...

Page 243

The

is Kerr ' s

The

**coefficient**a ' denotes the coupling**coefficient**in the Raman process . This**coefficient**is linked to the self - phase modulation**coefficient**, x , ( x = wnę / c ; n2is Kerr ' s

**coefficient**, w is frequency , and c is the light velocity ) , by the ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

8 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength