## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 83

The laser - noise parameters are obtained from established

describe the so - called noise force . Such

density matrix

so on .

The laser - noise parameters are obtained from established

**equations**thatdescribe the so - called noise force . Such

**equations**are Langevin**equation**,density matrix

**equation**, Fokker - Planck**equation**, circuit theory**equation**, andso on .

Page 92

87 ) , the following differential

can be written : + 2 Af = - K , Ks sin 4 ( 7 ) h ( t – 1 ) dt ( 3 . 91 ) This differential

87 ) , the following differential

**equation**for the phase of the local optical oscillatorcan be written : + 2 Af = - K , Ks sin 4 ( 7 ) h ( t – 1 ) dt ( 3 . 91 ) This differential

**equation**defines the characteristics of the OPLL . The form of the**equation**is , in ...Page 177

56 ) to the pulse envelope function , we obtain the following nonlinear differential

is the base

56 ) to the pulse envelope function , we obtain the following nonlinear differential

**equation**: ( 6 . 60 ) This**equation**, the well - known Schrodinger - type**equation**,is the base

**equation**for the consideration of nonlinear pulse transmission in ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

8 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength