## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 88

The operation instability is directly proportional to the

On the other hand , the spectral linewidth of the output signal from a new

structure is inversely proportional to the

to find ...

The operation instability is directly proportional to the

**frequency**deviation , Af .On the other hand , the spectral linewidth of the output signal from a new

structure is inversely proportional to the

**frequency**deviation , Af , so it is importantto find ...

Page 89

83 ) The meaning of laser operation stability is closely related to so - called

reproduction after numerous on - off settings of the laser operations . The

reproducibility is ...

83 ) The meaning of laser operation stability is closely related to so - called

**frequency**reproducibility , which defines the accuracy of the**frequency**reproduction after numerous on - off settings of the laser operations . The

reproducibility is ...

Page 145

These problems are related to the synchronization of the carrier optical

locking method , which was described in Chapter 4 and which is illustrated in

Figure 5 .

These problems are related to the synchronization of the carrier optical

**frequencies**that belong to the individual ... That can be achieved by a**frequency**-locking method , which was described in Chapter 4 and which is illustrated in

Figure 5 .

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

8 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength