## Coherent and Nonlinear Lightwave CommunicationsThis is a practical source on recent developments in coherent and nonlinear lightwave communications. The book systematically presents up-to-date explanations of all the relevant physical principles and recent research in this emerging area. Providing an unparallelled engineering-level treatment (with 700 equations), this reference also describes the progression of coherent and nonlinear technology from yesterday's experimental field to today's practical applications tool. This work is intended as a tool for research telecommunication engineers, applications engineers working with broadband telecom systems and networks, and postgraduate students. |

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Page 88

Laser operation stability may have both the short -

long -

average frequency of the output optical signal and the frequency fluctuations ...

Laser operation stability may have both the short -

**term**stability character and thelong -

**term**stability character . Frequency stability is determined by the ratio of theaverage frequency of the output optical signal and the frequency fluctuations ...

Page 176

The

of the pulse delay , while the

the pulse distortion , respectively . The nonlinear

The

**term**Bo causes the phase shift of the optical wave , the**term**ß ' is the causeof the pulse delay , while the

**terms**ß " and " " cause the pulse broadening andthe pulse distortion , respectively . The nonlinear

**term**n2 | E | ? leads to the self ...Page 186

The third - order dispersion

factor Bqă and changes the soliton shape . But both these effects are of the order

B < 1 , so we can say that the soliton is stable under the third - order dispersion ...

The third - order dispersion

**term**causes modification of the soliton velocity by thefactor Bqă and changes the soliton shape . But both these effects are of the order

B < 1 , so we can say that the soliton is stable under the third - order dispersion ...

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### Contents

Preface | 5 |

Coherent Optical Receiver Sensitivity | 15 |

Optical Transmitters for Coherent Lightwave Systems | 61 |

Copyright | |

8 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

according amplifier amplitude applied assumed bandwidth becomes carrier caused channels Chapter characteristics coefficient coherent optical receiver Communications components condition considered constant continuous wave corresponding defined density depends described detection scheme determined difference direct dispersion distance distribution effect Electron emission energy equal equation Erbium error probability evaluated expressed factor Figure filter frequency function gain given Hence heterodyne homodyne IEEE/OSA incoming increase influence input integral laser length light lightwave systems Lightwave Techn limit loss means methods mode modulation noise nonlinear obtained operation optical amplifiers optical fiber optical oscillator optical power optical receiver optical signal output parameters phase photodiode photons polarization possible practical presents propagation pulse pump Quantum Raman ratio realization referent region resonator respectively scattering semiconductor laser shift soliton spectral spectral linewidth spontaneous stimulated takes term transmission variance wave wavelength