## Principles of Electricity and MagnetismThis is a textbook for undergraduate students pursuing an advanced degree in physics. Written according to the UGC Model Curriculum, it covers Courses P4 (Electricity and Magnetism) and P10 (Electrodynamics, Electromagnetic Waves and Relativity). The book is divided into 6 parts. The first 5 parts deal with the physics and the last part is devoted to Indian Contributions in Physics (which is also a part of the UGC Model Curriculum). In all chapters, derivations are worked out in detail to help the average student. Tutorials are included in almost all the chapters, as prescribed by the Curriculum. A concurrent course in Vector Calculus is required. |

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There are typos on almost every page, both in the text and in the formulas. In the preface, the author welcomes suggestions from the readers, and I would be happy to let him know if I knew how to contact him.

### Contents

ELECTROSTATICS | 1 |

THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL | 19 |

CONDUCTORS AND THE METHOD OF IMAGES | 39 |

ELECTRIC FIELDS IN MATTER | 50 |

MAGNETOSTATICS | 70 |

MAGNETIC FIELDS IN MATTER | 85 |

ELECTRIC CURRENTS AND CIRCUITS | 94 |

AC CIRCUITS | 115 |

GENERATORS AND RECTIFIERS | 138 |

MAXWELLS EQUATIONS | 151 |

MAXWELLS EQUATIONS | 168 |

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES | 194 |

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION | 229 |

SPECIAL RELATIVITY | 242 |

INDIAN CONTRIBUTIONS IN PHYSICS | 292 |

### Common terms and phrases

acceleration alternating current Ampere's law atom axis beam boundary conditions calculate the electric called capacitor chapter charge density charge distribution charge q circuit clock co-ordinates coil collision component conductor constant current density current flowing defined dielectric diode dipole direction distance divergence theorem dt dt E.da electric and magnetic electric field electric field due electromagnetic waves electron electrostatic element energy flux force frequency Gauss Gaussian given inductance inertial inside integral interface Laplace's equation length Let us consider linear momentum loop Lorentz transformation magnetic field magnitude mass Maxwell's equations molecule moving negative particle perpendicular plane plates point charge polarization Poynting vector propagation radiation reference frame reflected resistance resistor respect rewrite special relativity sphere of radius spherical surface charge theorem thermistor Tutorial unit University of Calcutta vector potential velocity voltage volume wire x-axis z-axis zero