Reef-Platform Coral Boulders: Evidence for High-Energy Marine Inundation Events on Tropical Coastlines
Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 15, 2013 - Science - 105 pages
The primary goal here is to present a treatise on the significance and value of coarse clastic carbonate sediments (i.e. large coral boulders) on tropical coastlines for understanding both modern and pre-historical (Holocene) high-magnitude marine inundation events. There has been a rapid groundswell of interest in large carbonate blocks on tropical coasts over the last decade, yet it is not widely appreciated that such features were observed and recorded back in the early explorations of Matthew Flinders on the Great Barrier Reef in the 1800s. This book will illuminate how various characteristics of datable carbonate blocks torn up from coral reefs and deposited on reef platforms yield importance evidence about the storms and tsunamis that emplaced them over decadal and centennial timescales. No comprehensive review has so far been published. A need now exists for a ‘definitive reference’ on coral boulder research, which details the earliest observations, changing terminology, sedimentology, and relevance for coastal hazard research in the tropics. A wide range of examples will be incorporated from across Asia, Australia, the Pacific and the Americas, as well as a full up-to-date review of the existing literature.
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2 Historical Review and Changing Terminology
3 The Scientific Value of ReefPlatform Boulders for Interpreting Coastal Hazards
4 Uncertainties and Continuing Challenges with Interpreting Coastal Boulders
5 Case Study Coral Boulder Fields on Taveuni Island Coasts Fiji
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2004 Indian Ocean 2009 South Pacific Australia Banda Aceh Barrier Reef beachrock beachrock fragments bioerosion boul boulder deposits boulder fields boulder movement boulder transport Bouma carbonate boulders clasts coarse coast coastal boulders coastal hazard coral reefs Curacoa Island debris Earth Planet emplaced erosion Etienne Fiji Flinders French Polynesia fringing reef Frohlich Gelfenbaum geomorphic Geomorphology Goff Goto high-energy marine inundation Holocene hydrodynamic hydrodynamic equations Imamura F Indian Ocean tsunami Indonesia Kelletat Lavena Lavigne F Leeward Antilles Lhok Nga Mar Geol marine inundation events Mastronuzzi megaclast Nandasena Nat Hazards negroheads Noormets Nott Palaeoclimatol Paris Photo platform pre-transport Rangiroa reef flat reef surface reef-platform coral boulders rock Scheffers sea level Sed Geol sediment Sedimentology shoreline South Pacific tsunami storm and tsunami storm or tsunami storm waves Sumatra Taveuni Taveuni Island TC Tomas Terry JP tropical coastlines Tropical Cyclone tsunami waves Wassmer wave energy wave height Zhao