Creating international studies: Angell, Mitrany and the liberal tradition
Through a critical evaluation of the works of Norman Angell and David Mitrany, this book explores the liberal roots of the academic discipline of International Relations (IR). Ashworth argues that, far from being the product of timeless realist truths, IR's origins are rooted in liberal attempts to reform international affairs. Norman Angell's work represents the first attempt to develop a comprehensive 'new liberal' approach to the problem of global governance, while David Mitrany's exploration of the problems of international life led him to apply the left-liberal idea of functional government to global governance. Both writers demonstrated the extent to which early twentieth century liberal writers on international affairs had answered the critics of earlier nineteenth centuryliberal internationalists. The penultimate chapter argues that the realist-idealist 'Great Debate' never happened, and that liberal scholars such as Angell and Mitrany have been unfairly dismissed as 'idealists.' The final chapter evaluates the writings of Angell and Mitrany and claims that the works of both authors can be criticised for theoretical weaknesses common to the liberal paradigm.
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Mitrany and the Emergence of the Functional Approach
The InterWar RealistIdealist Great Debate
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Angell and Mitrany Angell's argued argument assumptions balance of power Britain capitalism Carr's chapter claim Cobden and Bright Cobdenite collective security concept concerned conservative critical crucial culture David Mitrany debate democracy democratic discussion dominant economic Enlightenment existence federation foreign policy freedom functional approach functional organisations functional theory G. D. H. Cole global H. N. Brailsford Hobhouse Hobson human nature idealist ideas ideology Illusion individual intellectual inter-war interdependence international affairs international organisations international politics International Relations international sphere internationalist peace theory interpretation J. A. Hobson L. T. Hobhouse Labour Laski League of Nations Leonard Woolf liberal internationalism liberal internationalist peace London material materialists means modern national liberals Niebuhr nineteenth century liberal Norman Angell paradigm perpetual peace project planning problems progress public mind public opinion realist-'idealist role social Darwinists society thought Thucydides tradition twentieth century utilitarian instrumental reason utilitarian reason World
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