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the violent death of the founder himself, and the triumph of the House of York, left the College buildings unfinished. Edward IV. seriously impoverished the College. It is said that this prince applied many estates and rents, originally designed for King's College, to the University of Oxford. One of these in Cambridge, to which Pythagoras' School appertains (now converted into a barn), belongs to Merton College, Oxford. He even went so far as to dissolve the College. Henry VII., in whose reign the College petitioned Parliament on account of its straitened resources, contributed to the completion of the exterior of the chapel. The interior and the stained glass windows were completed by Henry VIII. under the direction of Bishop Foxe.
1546. The annual revenue of the College as reported by ac the Commissioners in the 37th year of King Henry VIII., was £1010. 128. 114d.
1786. Dr James left two annual prizes, each of £5, for the best Latin declamations.
1797. Rev. William Cooke, D.D. formerly provost, left £6 yearly to such scholar or scholars, as shall be adjudged to have deserved well by application to their studies and general orderly behaviour.
1800. Robert Glynn, M.D., formerly fellow of King's College, bequeathed £20 yearly to be equally divided between two scholars, who have in the course of the preceding year been most distinguished for learning and regularity of conduct. Dr Glynn distinguished himself by a poem of considerable merit, “on the Day of Judgment,” which obtained the Seatonian
Prize in 1757.
1809. Jonathan Davies, D.D., Provost of Eton College, left an exhibition of £42 per annum, for a scholar of King's College, to be tenable for four years. The appointment is in the Provost of Eton.
1833. Sir G. Craufurd, Bart. M.A. formerly fellow, gave £500 to the College, the yearly interest of which is divided unequally into prizes among three scholars who are placed highest in the first class at the examination in Divinity, and who have deserved well in other
1850. George Richards, Esq. M.A., late Fellow, bequeat! to the College the annual sum of £50, "of which sum thi pounds shall be given annually in his third year to su scholar who shall have most distinguished himself in his o College and University in Divinity and the Classics, and twer pounds also annually in his third year to such scholar w shall have excelled and passed the best examination in Math matics, particular respect being had in both cases to mo and religious conduct.”
1854. The Society consists of the Provost and seven Fellows and Scholars ; beside a chaplain, clerks, choristers, &
When a scholar has completed his three years of probatii at the College, he is either elected a fellow, or he must qu the College. The election is made by the provost and t] major part of the fellows present at the time of election.
A fellow continues to hold his fellowship during life, ui less he marries, or is instituted to a benefice, or voluntaril resigns his fellowship, or is expelled from the College for re: sons defined in the Statutes.
The average yearly dividends of the fellows from 1845 t 1851 have been for 1. A Senior Fellow, £270. 88. 3d.
2. An M.A. Fellow, £175. 118.
4. An Undergraduate Fellow, £78. 198. 5d The fellows have their rooms and commons free, beside a weekly allowance from the butteries when in residence. There are other small sums, the average aggregate amount is about £130, which is divided in certain proportions among the fellows present at the College sealings: also a small allowance, averaging from £15 to £20 is distributed to the resident members in lieu of feasts.
The scholars come off to the foundation of King's from the foundation of Eton College, and from none other by Statute. They are elected annually at Eton, after an examination by the Provosts of the two Colleges of King's and Eton, by the ViceProvost and Head Master of Eton, and two fellows of King's of the degree of M.A., who are appointed for the purpose at the annual meeting at King's, for the election of officers,
The election of scholars of Eton to supply the vacancies occurring at King's College, takes place at Eton, at a certain time arranged by the two provosts, within a period prescribed by the Statutes. The electors are sworn before they enter upon the duties of examination, and the names of the candidates elected, are placed upon two indentures in the order in which they are nominated, and elected by the electors. As vacancies occur at King's College, they are supplied within a month at the farthest by the scholars of Eton, who come off in the order in which they stand in the indenture, unless by death, or some legitimate cause, the scholar next on the indenture is superseded or withdrawn from Eton.
The average annual dividend of a scholar from 1845 to 1851 was £27. 4s: in addition to rooms and commons free, and an allowance from the butteries weekly during the time a scholar is in residence. There is no charge made to the scholars for tuition, the lecturers receiving their stipends from the general funds of the College.
There are two examinations of the scholars every year, one at the beginning, and the other at the end of the Easter Term.
The College gives £20 annually for prizes of books, bearing the College arms, to the scholars who are most distinguished in Classics and Mathematics at the College examinations.
There are two prizes of £5 each given every year to the two best readers of the lessons in chapel.
The College gives every year a prize of £5 for the best translation of an English subject into Greek lambics.
The College awards from its funds two annual prizes of £5 each for the two best English Declamations.
The College gives annually from its funds a piece of plate to sach commencing Bachelor of Arts, as shall have most distinguished himself in the Mathematical and Classical Tripos, provided he be in the first class of either Tripos.
The Ecclesiastical Patronage of the College consists of the right of presentation to thirty-seven Church livings.
gross revenue of the College, as returned to the Commissioners in 1851, was £25,703. 88. 2d.; and the total net revenue, £22,729. 18. 10d.
FOUNDED 1446, A.D.
RE-FOUNDED 1565, A.D.
This College was originally founded and dedicated to Margaret and St Bernard, by MARGARET of Anjou, Queen o sort of Henry VI., the munificent founder of King's College, whom was
granted, at the Queen's request, the Charter incorporation.
“This princess was the most accomplished of her age, be in body and mind, and seemed to possess those qualities wh would exactly qualify her to acquire the ascendancy o Henry, and to supply all his defects and weaknesses.
She w of a masculine, courageous spirit, of an enterprising tempendowed with solidity as well as vivacity of understanding.' Hume.
. On the 15th April, 1448, the first stone of this College w laid by Sir John Wenlocke, Knight, on the east end and sou side of the chapel, in the name of Queen Margaret, who cause this inscription to be engraven upon it: “Erit Dominæ nosti regina Margaritæ Dominus in refugium, et lapis iste in signum."
When the kingdom was rent with civil wars, Queen Ma garet hasted to the defence of her husband, and while hi wisdom directed the councils, and her vigour gave energy + the Lancasterian party, the work of this College was intei rupted. After the decisive battle of Tewkesbury, and the fa of the Lancasterian party, Margaret became a prisoner, an was unable to proceed with her intended Foundation.
After the accession of the House of York, ELIZABETH WID VILLE, Queen consort of Edward IV., became the Roya patroness of the College.
In 1465 she promoted the completion of the buildings of the College, and obtained for it many privileges; and gave the Statutes for its government in 1475. The College buildings were much promoted by the benefactions, and more by the prudence and zeal, of Andrew Dockett, for forty years the first president of the College, having formerly been principal of St Bernard's Hostel.
The Statutes decree that the College shall consist of a Superior, who shall be called the President, nineteen Fellows, and eight poor Scholars, two Servitors of the President, and certain servants of the College. They also provide, that at the discretion of the president and major part of the fellows, the number of fellows and scholars may be increased or diminished according to the increase or diminution of the revenues of the College. The fellows and scholars were required to be elected, so that, except in particular cases, not more than one fellow and one scholar of the same county could exist in the College at the same time. The election both of fellows and scholars rests with the president and the major part of the fellows.
1446. King Henry VI. appointed four fellows by Charter.
1459. Richard Andrews, a burgess of Cambridge, Spicer, gave St Nicholas' Hostel, and other tenements in Cambridge and elsewhere, to found one Scholarship.
1470. The Lady Margery Roos, relict of Sir Henry Wentworth (formerly married to John, Lord Roos), gave lands to the College for founding fellowships for the five senior divines. She died in 1478, and was buried under “her window of St Margaret and St Bernard,” on the north side of the College
1470. William Sydaie, M.D., of Cambridge, gave a house in Cambridge for founding one Fellowship.
1470. John Marke, citizen of London, gave some houses in Southwark for founding one Fellowship.
1470. The Lady Alicia Wyche, relict of Sir Hugh Wyche, Lord Mayor of London in 1462 (formerly married to William Holte
, gentleman, of Lewes), gave a benefaction for founding
1471. John Otwar gave a benefaction for founding one Fellowship
, but not being sufficient, it was annexed to Mr Barby's benefaction.
1473. The Lady Joanna Burgh, widow of Sir John Burgh, Knt., gave to the College the manor of St Nicholas Court, in the Isle of Thanet, for the maintenance of one Fellow and one