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The fellows and scholars are subject to the same statutes and regulations, and entitled to the same powers, privileges, and enjoyments, both of dividend and official emoluments, as the fellows and scholars of the foundation, except that the time of tenure of each fellowship expires at the end of ten years from the time of taking the degree of Master of Arts.
1625. The Rev. Robert Johnson, Archdeacon of Leicester, by a codicil annexed to his will, gave an annuity of £100 for ever out of his estate in Witham, Toftlound and Manthort in the county of Lincoln, to Sidney College, St John's College, Emmanuel College, and Clare Hall, to be divided equally among four students of each college, sixteen in all. These students are to be chosen by the master and four seniors of each college, and to continue for four years only; and if in any of the colleges there shall happen to be any students who for the last year before their admission, have been educated at Oakham or Uppingham schools in the county of Rutland, that are good scholars, of honest conversation, and stand in need of maintenance, they are to have the preference.
1626. Sir John Brereton, Knt., formerly a member of the College, and the King's Sergeant-at-Law for Ireland, bequeathed property of the value of £2670 for purchasing an estate, for such uses as the Regius and Margaret Professors shall think most expedient, for the state and good of the Col. lege. An estate &c. was purchased in Yorkshire, producing a yearly rent of £143, which was appropriated to augment the stipends of the master, fellows and scholars, and for other uses in the College.
1627. Sir Francis Clerke gave estates to Sidney College for erecting four Fellowships and eight Scholarships for poor scholars; and for increasing the Scholarships of the first foundation. And it was agreed that none be capable of these scholarships but such as were born and educated in the county of Bedford, and at the schools of Eaton Socon and Houghton Conquest especially; nor that any be capable of the fellowships but the scholars who at least shall be A.B., and profess the study of Divinity; and that both be elected by the master and fellows.
Each of the fellows was to have 20 marks yearly, ar rooms rent free, and the privilege of voting in the election fellows and scholars on Sir F. Clerke's foundation. The for senior scholars were to have each 20 nobles, and the for junior, £5 per annum, till they are or might be Masters « Arts. Also each two of the scholars were to have a chambe rent free, and one of the four fellows for their tutor, grati The estate was charged with £30 for increasing the scholar ships of the first foundation, and £10 a year to the poor o the parish of Houghton Conquest. If the rent ever came t exceed the sum required for the foregoing payments, it wa further provided that the surplus should go, first to augmen the four fellowships, until those should be equal in value to the fellowships of the Foundation; then the scholarships ; ani afterwards, to the general use of the College.
The value of each of the fellowships in 1850, was about
£80 a year.
The gross annual rental of the estates in 1851 was £105.
1627. Paul Micklethwayt, B.D., late fellow, conveyed to the College the Baker's house which is almost over against the College, and which he had purchased for £120, it being then let for £9 per annum, on condition, that they found two Scholarships (which are to be filled by the master and fellows), with an allowance of £4 per annum to each of them, or if hereafter the house shall chance to be let for less than £8 per annum, each to have half for what the house is let. Any one of the founder's name, cæteris paribus, is to have the preference. The College is also to distribute 108. out of this rent to the poor of the town at each audit.
These scholarships are now of the value of £6 each per
1628. The annuity of Mr Archdeacon Johnson having never been paid, it was decreed in Chancery that the estate which was bound to pay it, be sold, and £1250 be given to the said Colleges, to purchase an estate for the use of Mr Johnson's exhibitioners; and that in the meantime £100 per annum be paid to the said Colleges for that purpose out of the said estate.
The rental of the estate in 1851 was £104.78. 4d., and the present value of each of these exhibitions is £24 per annum.
1629. Dame Rebecca Romney by indenture delivered £1200 to the Master and Wardens of the Haberdashers' Company, for certain
purposes stated therein; and the master and wardens coFenanted, among other things, that they would pay £24 a Fear to four poor Scholars, two of Emmanuel College, and two of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, likely to become good scholars, and to take upon them the study of Divinity, such and for so long a time as the master and wardens of the said company, should from time to time nominate and appoint, to each £6, payable half-yearly at Lady Day and Michaelmas. The Haberdashers' Company have doubled these Exhibitions, and they are worth £12 per annum.
1641. Francis Coombe, Esq., of Hemel Hempstead, bequeathed the lands at Abbots' Langley, &c. to Sidney College in Cambridge, and Trinity College in Oxford, to be divided equally between them for the only use, and towards the education of four of the descendants of his brothers and sisters. The lease of Langley aforesaid to be let at one third part under the true value, to his wife's kindred, viz., brothers and sisters there and at Harrow. This will seems, in a good measure, to be set aside: however, the remainder of the lease was assigned over to Sidney College Cambridge, and Trinity College Oxford, by the executors. The annual amount of rent which this property now pays to the College, is £152. 178. 2d.
1678. John Ham by his will directed his executor to bestow £200 towards the maintenance of a scholar at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, or Balliol College, Oxford, to be chosen out of the Tiverton School by the feoffees, and born in the same town, if any be fit, and in default of such, then open to those born in the parishes nearest adjacent that should be fit and there taught, according to such agreements and compositions as the said feoffees should make with the master and fellows of either of the said colleges. And upon the contingency of his son John succeeding by the death of his brother Robert, to a certain estate mentioned in his will, he gave £100 more to Mr. Blundell's feoffees for the same purposes as the
before-mentioned £200. At the present time there is exhibition of £23 per annum arising from Mr Ham's benefac
1680. Mr Downham Yeomans, dyer, of the town of ( bridge bequeathed to the College all his lands in Denston, his houses and lands in Stradishall, both in Suffolk, of yearly value of £24, for the use and benefit of three sche of Bedfordshire, being scholars of the College. The ye rental from the property is £26.
Mr Barcroft left two Exhibitions each of £12 per ann for orphans and sons of clergymen of the Church of Englan
Rev. Thomas Lovett by will founded two Exhibitions, directed that no Scholar whatever shall be entitled to s exhibitions, except the son of a clergyman of the Establis Church of England, and whose father, if living, shall then or if dead, shall have been, in priests' orders, and duly quali for such orders by having taken a regular degree in the v versity of Oxford or Cambridge. The candidates for th exhibitions are required to promise and engage to enter i deacons' orders at the age of twenty-three years; a preferei is reserved in favour of such as have been instructed in 1 Free Grammar School of Grantham in the first place, or Oakham. These exhibitions are above the value of £40 a ye and are tenable for seven years.
1732. Mr Samuel Taylor bequeathed an estate to found Mathematical Lectureship in the College. It was provided ! the Testator that in case any money should be received out of t] estate from any coal or other mine upon it, such money shoul be invested, and the produce applied, first in making good an deficiency in the rent of the estate, caused by the working suc mines, and then for the assistance of one or more students i mathematics in the College. Accordingly, mines of iron ant coal having been discovered, and the College conceiving the they had not power to dispose of the proceeds in the manner which, in their judgment, would most promote the objects indi. cated in Mr Taylor's will, application was made to parliament, and powers obtained to grant a lease of the mineral property, and out of the money so raised to purchase land for the founding of exhibitions, to build and fit up apartments and lecture
rooms for the exhibitioners, to establish a mathematical library, and to augment the stipend of the lecturer received from the estate. Accordingly, nine exhibitions of £50 a year have been founded, rooms have been prepared for the exhibitioners, and a lecture room provided; also the Taylor Library is gra
Inlly increasing and becoming of great use in the College, the Indents being allowed the use of books under regulations dministered by a librarian.
The value of the mathematical lectureship is now £200 per onum.
The rental of the mathematical lectureship estate in 1851 is £177. 12s. 9d. and of the mathematical exhibition estate, -1869. Os. 1d. a
1854. The present society consists of the Master, seven - bundation Fellows, two on Sir J. Hart's foundation, two ByeI fellows on the foundation of Mr Peter Blundell, and one bunded by Mr Leonard Smith.
The foundation fellows of the College are elected by the rotes of the master and fellows, after an examination in Hebrew, Greek, Latin and general Physics. The candidates are required to be British subjects, and they must be at least Bachelors of Arts. They are to be chosen from the scholars of the College if any be found qualified; otherwise from other studious members of the College, or from the members of any other College, provided they have studied six years in the University, and be properly qualified in character and attainments. All the fellows are required to take priests' orders within three years of their admission to their fellowships, and to proceed to the degree of Bachelor of Divinity, at the earliest time the University allows.
The yearly dividend of a fellow on an average of the twenty years ending in 1851 was £178, and no fellow derives any advantage from his fellowship, unless he be a Master of Arts complete.
The Statutes thus describe the qualifications for candidates for the scholarships.
"Volumus et statuimus, quod discipulorum electio fiat ex illis juvenibus, qui paupiores, probiores, aptiores, atque egregii magis fuerint; quique sint probitate, indole, ac bona spe, nec