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asked, What would be the answer if weapon against imposture and tyravny. these half-pay clergymen were called upon the tragical end of the Persian prince, to serve again?
Mahomet Ali Mirza, a powerful enemy of the 'Turks, who was found dead in his
tent, is said to have damped (though we FOREIGN.
trust but for a moment) the enthusiasm Memorial of Mr. Locke.-We find the of the Greeks. The negociations between following in the New Monthly Magazine TURKEY and Russia are not as yet for January, “ Histor. Reg.” p. 20. It brought to a couclusion. Some students is not stated where the intelligence is at Constantinople, training up as teachers picked up ; probably from some French of Islamism, lately made a stir on occaJournal. We confess that we regard the sion of the banishment of one of their story with suspicion.
Professors for alleged seditious expres“ Montpellier.-A workman employed sions, which recalled the government to in removing the foundation of an old moderation : a proof that even here, unhouse near this city, found a glass bottle der the throne of ignorance, there is hermetically sealed; it was found to con- felt the impulse of that popular feeling tain, in an excellent state of preserva- which agitates the rest of Europe. tion, the following Latin inscription on The leaden sceptre of Austria presses vellum :
upon the heart of beautiful Italy. The “ Mortalis ! In thesauros incidisti ! despot knows his enemies by instinct raHic in Christo Fides, rebus in humanis ther than wisdom, and we hear of the Modus patent. Ampulla nec vacua, nec suppression of schools in Lombardy. vilis, quæ animo hilaritatem, corpori salu. Spain and PORTUGAL are consolidating tem, affert. Ex hac imbibe, et haustun, their free governments : the Priesthood vino vel Falerno vel Chio, gratiorem in these lands of promise are declining hauries. Scripsit Johannes Locke, An- daily in numbers and influence. A cloud glus, A. D. 1675.
is over France, portending, as some The following is a translation :
thiuk, an explosion at no distant period. “ Mortal! Thou hast found a trea- Superstition has shewn itself in a dissure! Here are placed before you Faith gusting form in the conversion of the two in Christ and MODERATION in things daughters and the niece of Mr. Loreday, terrestrial. The bottle is neither empty an English gentleman, to Popery: the nor of little worth, which affords cheer- actors in this gloomy farce were a Parifulness to the mind and health to the sian school-mistress, certain priests and body. Quaff of this, and thou shalt im- prelates, and, it is said, a prince of the bide what is more precious than the juice blood in a mask. The event will, we trust, of Falernum or Chios. So wrote Johu operate as a warning to our countrymen Locke, Englishman, in the year of our who send their children to France for Lord, 1675."
education, some of whom have not scru
pled to place their daughters for that The news from abroad is not charac- purpose in religious houses. The new terized by variety. The UNITED STATES Royalist Ministry have succeeded in of Ainerica are rapidly reducing their debt, carrying through the Chambers a law with and at the same time increasing the means regard to the press, of a more despotic of national defence and improving their character than any measure brought forcivil institutions. A proclamation has ward in Europe for the last half-century, been addressed to the citizens of the The discussions amongst the Deputies United States by the Greek Senate at were exceedingly stormy: a considerable Kalamata, claiming their sympathy and body of the patriots withdrew before aid as freemeu on behalf of a people the passing of the law, that they might struggling for liberty against barbarous not seem by their presence to give the aud sanguinary oppressors. The cause of colour of legislation to so fatal a violathe Greeks is in abeyance. The greater tion of the Charter of Liberties. By this part of the Morea and of the islands law it is a crime to question “ the Diviseems to be in their possession. Their nity of Christ :" the French are not theocapital, the seat of their senate and go- logians, and the phrase may loosely mean vernment, is Kalamata (just named) in the denial of the Christian religion ; but Messenia. Here they have established a the ambiguous wording of the law may printing-office, from which the Acts of be strained by bigots to the oppression the Senate and the Bulletios of the armies of the liberal Protestants. How well are regularly issued, and from which also was the present reigning family in France proceeds a new Journal, called 'The Hel- described by their late Rival, as baring, lenic Trumpet, edited by Theoclitos, a in their exile and their experience during learned ecclesiastic. Their leaders judge the Revolution, "learned nothing and forrightly, that a free press is a formidable gotten nothing” !
THE NONCONFORMIST. No. XXIV. On some of the existing Disabilities and Inconveniences which attach to
Dissent from the Church of England. we may the doting eulo
unhesitating arrogance church in the world,” she has never shrunk from the fullest investigation mediately under him, of this whole of her tenets, and has constantly been Church and Congregation of England, indistinguished by the most unparalleled tending the couservation of the same forbearance towards those who dissent church and congregation in a true, sinfrom her doctrines and discipline. cere and uniform doctrine of Christ's reBut without resorting to other sources ligion; calling also to his blessed and of history, the records of our statute- most gracious remembrance, as well the book, which cannot be gainsayed by a great and quiet assurance, prosperous church founded on Acts of Parliament, increase and other innumerable commodidisclose her character in a somewhat ties which have ever insued concord and less consistent and amiable point of unitie in opinions, as also the manifold view. The secret motives in which have 'heretofore, in many places and re
perils, dangers and inconveniences which her separation from the Church of gions, grown, sprung and arisen of the Rome originated, when compared with diversities of minds and opinions, especithose which gave rise to Protestantism ally of matters of Christian religion; and in other countries, were not peculiarly therefore desiring, that such an unity laudable for their purity, whether we should be charitably established in all trace them to the caprice and infide- things concerning the same, as might lity, or to the grasping avarice, of a chiefly be to the honour of Almighty sensual and arbitrary tyrant. How God, and, consequently, redound to the far the first public act of her separate Commonwealth, had caused his Parliaexistence displayed an enlightened pre- of the Archbishops, &c. to be assembled.
ment, and also a synod and convocation ference to truth and simplicity in doctrine, or the most charitable spirit deration were sis, relating to transubstau
The articles proponed for their consitowards her opponents, is recorded in tiation, communion in both kinds, celibacy the statute passed in the 31st year of of the priests, voluntary profession of ceHenry's reign, "for abolishing of Di libacy, private masses and auricular conversity of Opinions in certain Articles fession. The King's most Royal Majesty, concerning Christian Religion,” by most prudently pondering and considerwhich, transubstantiation, the denial ing, that, by occasion of variable and sunof the cup to the laity, private masses, dry, opinions and judgments of the said auricular confession, and others of the articles, great discord and variance had most scandalous corruptions of Chris- arisen, as well amougst the clergy of his tianity, were consecrated as leading vulgar people, his loving subjects of the
realm, as amongst a great number of the articles or doctrines of “the whole
and being in a full hope and trust, Church and Congregation of England,” that a full and perfect resolution of the and the extreme penalty of death was said articles should make a perfect condenounced against all oppugners of cord and unity generally amongst all his the edict. *
loving and obedient subjects, of his most excellent goodness, not only commanded
that the said articles should deliberately * This statute was passed immediately and advisedly, by his said Archbishops, after the Act for dissolving the greater &c., be debated, and their opinions to be Monasteries. The following is an ab- understood, but also most graciously stract of its preamble :
vouchsafed, in his own princely person, Where the King's most excellent Ma- to descend unto his High Court of Parliajesty is, by God's law, suprenie head, im- ment and counsel, and there, like a prince
libility denied to the long acknow- lightened Protestants in this and foledged Vicar of Christ, are by this reign countries. parliamentary Bull attributed to the The Church of England has, hownew usurper of supremacy in the ever, reluctantly lowered her preChristian church, cannot fail to ex- tensions, both in theory and in practice. cite a smile in modern days; and this The statute-book has recognized the notable statute remains a standing in- right not only of thinking, (which no dex of the height to which the tide of law could ever controul,) but also of intolerant presumption had mounted, professing religious opinions inconeven after the waters of the great flood sistent with those established as the of Papal pretension had partially re- national creed; and some of her most ceded, and the everlasting hills of truth illustrious members have signalized and Christian science had begun to themselves by the most enlightened te-appear. It is not competent to the principles of religious liberty: yet partisans of that undefined and fluc. there are several civil inconveniences tuating abstraction, called the Church and disabilities to which Noconof England, to urge that the Roman formity still exposes its professors, Catholic religion was still the ruling the continuance of which can be justireligion of the country : the separate fied by no reasonings in favour of the existence and moral reputation of their utility of civil establishments of relichurch must be dated from the period gion, which must and ought to fall to when she cast off her allegiance to the the ground, if they can only stand by Court of Rome, but deliberately re- paralyzing the bonds of civil union, tained all the prominent points of the and erecting invidious distinctions Catholic doctrines and ritual, in oppo- between subjects equally attached to sition to the arguments of more en- the constitution and well-being of their
It is well known, that, out of the of most high prudence and no less learn- phalanx of statutes behind which the ing, opened and declared many things of Church of England was entrenched, high learning and great knowledge, touch- before the Revolution in 1688,the Acts, ing the said articles. With such princely help it was finully Test Acts, are, at the present day, the
commonly called the Corporation and resolved as to the first article.
"That in the most blessed sacrament of most extensive infringements of the the altar, by the strength and efficacy of civil rights of Protestant Dissenters. Christ's mighty word, (it being spoken by
I shall not attempt imperfectly to the priest,) is present, really under the echo the general arguments which form of bread and wine, the natural body have been so unanswerably urged for and blood of our Saviour Jesus Christ, conceived of the Virgin Mary, and that, after the consecration, there remaineth no * I say reluctantly, because every consubstance of bread or wine, nor any other cession to the consciences of others has substance but the substance of Christ, been opposed by a host of those of God and man."
her members who have sustained her The other articles received a resolu- highest oflices, or have put themselves tion equally favourable to the good old forward as her only true champions. practices and notions, and thus far his There never was an æra in her history in Majesty's faithful Parliament may be to- which the heads of the Church generally lerated in lauding his “ godly studie, admitted the possibility of extending topaine aud travell;" but his godly enterprise leration without risking her existence. was not thus to be accomplished : and it The majority are, indeed, satisfied when was, therefore, ordained, that if any per- once the tolerant decree is passed; but a sons by word, writing, imprinting, cypher- more consistent minority still indulge ing, or in any otherwise, did publish, fond retrospections towards the golden preach, teach, say, affirm, declare, dis- days of proscription and penalty. These pute, argue, or hold any opinion to the ecclesiastical curs will snarl orer and contrary, they and their aiders, com- guaw the bare bones of intolerance, until forters, counsellors, consentors and abet. they are wrested from their gripe by ani. tors therein, should be adjudged heretics, mais of a more generous breed. Their and should suffer death, by way of barn- miserable feast is, I trust, for their own ing, without any abjuration, clergy, or sakes, swiftly verging towards its final sanctuary.
the repeal of these falsely-imagined But amongst the opponents of bulwarks of the Church, and which more recent applications of the Dis. were very early put upon record in a Protest, by several noble Lords, against the rejection of a clause for taking gospel, as well as common prudence, Dissenters out of their operation, in ought to take care not to offend either the first session after the Revolution.
tender consciences within itself, or give offence to those without, by mixing their sacred mysteries with secular interests.
"6thly. Because we cannot see how • The following are the principal heads it can consist with the law of God, comof this interesting document, extracted mon equity, or the right of any free-born from a collection of the Lords' Protests, subject, that any one be punished without Vol. 1, pp. 121-123.
a crime: if it be a crime not to take the “ Ist. Because it gives great part of sacrament according to the usage of the the Protestant freemen of Eugland reason Church of England, every one ought to to complain of inequality and hard usage, be punished for it, which nobody affirms; when they are excluded from public em- if it be no crime, those who are capable ployments by a law, and also, because it and judged fit for employments by the deprives the King and kingdom of divers King, ought not to be punished with a men fit and capable to serve the public law of exclusion, for not doing that which in several stations, and that for a mere it is no crime to forbear: if it be urged scruple of conscience, which can by no still, as an effectual test to discover and means render them suspected, much less keep out Papists, the taking the sacra. disaffected, to the government,
ment in those Protestant congregations “ Zdly. Because his Majesty, as the where they are members and known, will common and indulgent father of his peo- be at least as effectual to that purpose.". ple, having expressed an earnest desire Is subjoin an extract from Mr. Beaufoy's of liberty for tender consciences to his long and able speech upon his application Protestaot subjects ; and my Lords the for the Repeal of the Test and CorporaBishops having, divers of them, on seve- tion Acts in 1787, as reported in Dodsral occasions professed an inclination, and ley's Annual Register for that year, p. 116. owned the reasonableness of such a "The former act, which passed in the Christian temper; we apprehend it will year 1672, at a moment when the raise suspicions in meu's minds of some- first minister of state and the presumpthing different from the case of religion tive heir to the crown were professed or the public, or a design to heal our Papists, and the king himself generally breaches, when they find that, by confin. believed to be one in secret, bears the ing secular employments to ecclesiastical express title of “ An Act for preventing conformity, those are shut out from civil Dangers which may happen from Popish affairs whose doctrine and worship may Recusants.” The minister, Lord Clifford, be tolerated by authority of Parliament, who was a Catholic, attempted to perthere being a Bill before us by order of suade the Dissenters to oppose the bill, the House to that purpose ; especially as subjecting them to penalties, who whe!), without this exclusive rigour, the confessedly were not in any respect the Church is secured in all her privileges and objects of the law. The Dissenters, ou preferments, nobody being hereby let into the contrary, through the mouth of Althem who is not strictly conformable. derman Love, member for the city, de
“4thly. Because it turns the edge of a clared, that in a time of public danger, law (we kuow yot by what fate) upon when delay might be fatal, they would Protestants and friends to the govern- not impede the progress of a bill which ment, which was intended against Papists, was thought essential to the safety of to exclude them from places of trust, as the kingdom, but would trust to the men avowedly dangerous to our religiou good faith, the justice and humanity of and government; and thus the taking the Parliament, that a bill for the relief sacrament, which was enjoined only as a of the Dissenters should afterwards be means to discover Papists, is now made a passed. The Lords and Commons addistinguishing duty amongst Protestants, mitted, without hesitation, the equity of to weaken the whole by casting off a part the claim, and accordingly passed a bill of them.
soon after for their relief; but its suc“ 5thly. Because mysteries of religion cess was defeated by the sudden proroand divine worship are of divine original, gation of Parliament. A second bill was and of a nature so wholly distant from brought in, in the year 1680, and passed the secular affairs of public society, that both Houses ; but while it lay ready for they cannot be applied to those ends; and the Royal assent, King Charles the Second, therefore, the Church, by the law of the who was much exasperated with the senters for relief from the sacramental Act for the well-governing and reguTest, it has been a favourite topic of lating of Corporations,”—to the end argument, that the acts annually pass- that the succession in corporations ed for indemnifying persons who have might be most probably perpetuated not qualified for office according to in the hands of persons well-affected law, give the Dissenters a substantial to his Majesty and the established gopractical protection against the penal- vernment: (such are the words of the ties and disabilities incurred by non- preamble :) it enacts, that no person compliance with the Test, and ren- should be placed, elected or chosen der their petitions for relief factious in or to any the offices or places aforeand unreasonable. * Without exa- said, (viz. mayors, aldermen, recorders, mining the consistency of this view of bailiffs, town-clerks, common-councilthe subject with the supposed neces- men and others bearing any office of sity of the Test, it may deserve some magistracy, or places, or trusts, or little inquiry, how far the argument is other employment * relating to or in itself founded upon fact; in other concerning the government of cities, words, how far a professed Noncon- corporations, boroughs, cinque-ports formist, who scruples the Test as a and port towns,) that should not have, qualification for civil offices, is pro- within one year next before such tected by the present practice of pass- election or choice, taken the sacraing annual Indemnity Bills. The in- ment of the Lord's Supper, according quiry will derive some interest from to the rites of the Church of England; the circumstance, that there are un- and in default thereof, every such derstood to be at the present time placing, election and choice, is declared individuals personally and materially to be void. affected in the determination of the The Test Act (25 Charles II. c. 2) question.
is intituled, "An Act for preventing It will be necessary shortly to state Dangers which may happen from Pothe tenor of the original enactments, pish Recusants,” † and enacted that all in order to bring the subject more persons that should be admitted into clearly into view.,
any office, civil or military, or should The Corporation Act (13 Charles have command or place of trust, from II. Stat. 2, c. 1 t) is intituled, or under his Majesty, &c., should, at
specified times and places, take the
oaths prescribed by the statute, and Dissenters for refusing to support the should also receive the sacrament acCatholics, prevailed upon the clerk to cording to the Church of England, steal the bill. With respect to the Cor. poration Act, which passed in the year 1661, when the kingdom was still agitated with the effects of those storms that had and include, besides the law as to Corso lately overwhelmed it, it was allowed porations, Acts for a free and voluntary to have had the sectaries of that day, present to his Majesty, for providing who had borne a conspicuous part in the necessary carriages for his Majesty in preceding troubles, for its object. But his royal progress, and against the un. the Dissenters of the present day were lawful coursing of deer, &c. &c. not responsible for them, and were as • It was even once contended, that well affected and peaceable subjects as common freemen ought to take the Test, those of any other description.”
but decided otherwise in the case of the Mr. Pitt concluded his speech against Borough of Christchurch. 2 Strange, Mr. Beaufoy's motion in 1787, with de- 828. claring, “ that the discretionary power + The grand source of danger, against wisely lodged and liberally exercised which this statute was directed, is imevery year in Bills of Indemnity, left the pressed upon its forehead. It would be Dissenters no reasonable ground of com- a climax of injustice, as whimsical as it plaint.” Mr. Cauuing and others have would be detestable, if, as it has been since echoed the same declaration, and whispered, the present government, in the Dissenters themselves appear to have consenting to the emancipation of the felt the force of the reproof.
Catholics, should leave Protestant Dis+ The Acts of the 13th of Charles II. senters under the ban of a law which are formally stated to have been enacted originated in the dread entertained by “ to the high pleasure of Almighty God, Protestants in general of the return of and to the weal public of the realm ;" Popish ascendancy,