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account could not be finally made, but couvey to the Committee of the Deputies the balance in hand appeared to be about and the Committee of the Protestant So£250.

ciety, the strong and decided feeling of The Report was received, and ordered this Association, that the present period to be printed and circulated in the usual imperiously calls upon Dissenters of all manner, with the exceptiou of such por- denominations to concur and persevere tions as relate to the interests of indivi- in applications to Parliament for a Repeal duals and societies : in this department of the Corporation and Test Acts, and the Committee had been able to afford every other restriction upon the civil rights considerable assistance in several impur- of Nonconformists. That this expression tant instances.

of opinion be accompanied by an earnest Mr. Bowring, in a very interesting request to those bodies to co-operate in speech, detailed the result of his obser agitating the question in Parliament du. vations in a long tour over Europe, and ring the ensuing session; and that, if dwelt forcibly on the duty of Christians necessary, the Committee call another of every denomination coming forward General Meeting of the Association preto protest against a secular and perse- vious to the session, to report progress cuting spirit. He described Infidelity as in pursuance of this resolution, and adopt every where making the most rapid pro- such measures as circumstances may then gress, which was in all places to be ascribed require. to the alliance of Christianity with perse- Mr. Young was, in his absence abroad, cution and ciril despotism. He recom- re-appointed Treasurer, and Mr. Richmended the eager adoption of every means mond was requested to discharge the of rescuing the faith which Christians re. duties of the office till it should be unvered from the reproaches to which its derstood whether it was agreeable to unholy alliances subjected it, and hailed Mr. Young, or consistent with his enthe rising spirit of freedom and indepen- gagements, to re-assuine the office. dence as opening the most valuable op- Mr. Taylor was re-appointed Secretary; portunities for disseminating concurrent and Dr. T. Rees and Messrs. Fox, R. feelings of truth and justice in religious Taylor, M. D. Hill, Rotherham, Richmatters. One interesting fact he had mond, Hart, John Watson and Fernie, that morning learnt by perusing the con- were appointed the Committee of the stitution of the Republic of Columbia. cusuing year, Almost every treaty or code published in Europe, certainly in Catholic countries, was entitled " In the name of the holy Opening of the Unitarian Meetingand undivided Trinity:" this constitution

House, Bolton. was entitled, “ In the name of God, the On Easter Sunday, April, 7th, 1822, Creator and Legislator of the universe." the Unitarian Meeting-House, Moor Lane, This code, moreover, contained no singlc Bolton, was opened for the worship of infringement on the fullest liberty of the the one true God the Father. Friends to Press, or the free enjoyment and expres. the cause were present from Audepshaw, sion of opinion by all sects.

Ashton - under - Line, Bury, Blackburn, Some discussion then took place as Birmingham, Cockey Moor, Chowbent, to the propriety of taking measures for Chorley, Duckinfield, Eccles, Failsworth, procuring a strong Christian protest Holcome, Hoghton Tower, Haslingden, against any prosecution for the expres. Hindley, Ince, Leicester, Liverpool, Macsion of opinion on religious matters, and clesfield, Mellor, Middleton, Monton,Manseveral late judicial proceedings were re- chester, Maidstone, Newcharch, Preston, flected upon in the warmest terms of Park Lane, Padiham, Rivington, Ratreprehension, as discreditable to our cliffe, Rochdale, St. Helens, Stand, SwinChristian faith, and prejudicial to its best ton, Southport, Upholland, Warwick, interests. In the end it was understood Wigan, Walmesley and West Houghton. that the Committee would, as individu. In consequence of the lamented illuess als, take the subject into their earliest of the Rev. W.J. Fox, the three services consideration.

were conducted by the Rev. George HarIt was resolved,

ris, the pastor of the congregation. That this Meeting has learned with On Monday, the congregation and great satisfaction the progress made in friends, to the number of 240, increased obtaining relief on the subject of the after dinper hy the admission of 150 Marriage-Act, and that the Committee others,) sat down to a plain and econobe requested to continue their exertions mical repast in the Cloth Hall, the Rev. towards fipal success.

George Harris in the Chair. The interest And, after considerable discussion, it of the Meeting was excited and kept alive was farther resolved,

by several addresses from various indiviThat the Committee be instructed to duals. And in the evening there was

religious worship at the Meeting-house, ble sum at the disposal of the Committee, when the Rev. Robert Cree, of Preston, and the greatest diligence and attention introduced the service, and the Rev. have been used to distribute with the utGeorge Harris preached. The whole of most advantage the means with which the services were very fully attended, and the Committee has been intrusted; and the collection at the doors towards the with thankfulness they acknowledge the liquidation of the debt amounted to liberality of the public in pouring io the £101. 78. 101d.

funds which have been received. These H. they regard as a sacred trust-oue of

such importance that their anxiety has

become increasingly painful, so high does The Annual Meeting of the IVestern

the excitement rise correctly to acquit Unitarian Society will be held at Credi.

themselves of the task they have under. ton, on Wednesday, July the 10th, when

taken. the Rev. Dr. Carpenter, of Bristol, is

It is well known that potatoes constiexpected to preach.

tute the chief support of the peasantry

of Ireland. The Committee, therefore, The Annual Association of Scottish have promptly despatched potatoes in Unitarians will be held in Glasgow, on large quantities, for seed, for the next the 28th of July, when the Rev. James year's food. The sum of £61,300, being Yates has agreed to preach.

about two-thirds of £92,363. 188. Id. B. M., Secretary. the whole amount of contributious re

ceived, has been sent in upwards of 330 The Annual Meeting of the Sussex remittances, to different districts of IreUnitarian Society will be holden at Lewes, land, in which distress is most prevalent. on Wednesday, July 31, when the Rev. To enable the ministers of religion to J. Fullagar, of Chichester, is expected to

exercise that beneficence which so he. preach.

comes the religion they profess, the fur. ther sum of £3400 has been placed at

the disposal of the Bishops, both ProDistress in Ereland. testant and Catholic-and in all places

to which assistance has been seut to [The Committee on “ Irish Distress" prevent absolute starvation, the Protes. hare addressed the following communica- tant Clergy and the Catholic Priest have tion to us, and we cannot refuse their united with the resident gentlemen to request, however inconvenient and per- form local committees. But the months plexing, to give it insertion in the present of July and August will, they doubt not, Number, To what reflections does it present accumulated horrors, and call for give rise on the Goverument of Ireland, very large additional supplies. the Established Church of Ireland, and 'The months of July and August may similar topics ! But we forbear, at pre- be said to assail 'the Committee with sent, convinced that now “ all mankind's fearful apprehension ;-willingly would concern is charity.” Ed.)

they make reserve for these months, City of London Tavern,

which will, it is expected, resound with June 20, 1822 appalling cries from the dying Peasantry 'The Committee appointed by the Public of Ireland. This, however, in the present Meeting suddenly assembled on the first state of the funds, is impossible, for the intimation of the great and accumulating pressing solicitations still received by distress of the Peasantry of Ireland, have every post claim instant attention and now been in activity about six weeks. daily remittances. Not a day has passed but something has On the other hand, the Committee been done toward fulfilling the duties feels that it may confidently rely on the which the Committee has undertaken. results which will iveritably be produced

The distress which induced the con- by the “ King's Letter,” graciously issued vening of the first General Meeting was to the Clergy of Great Britain, to urge such as to convince it, that the most them to plead with, and to collect from, prompt and decisive measures were im- their respective congregations, donations periously required : and the accounts to their fellow-subjects in the most abject ihen made known of the distress pre- state of poverty and distress. The Comvailing amongst the Peasantry of Ireland, mittee look up to Him, in whose hands have been more than amply confirmed, are the hearts of all nen, that he will by immediate correspondence with gen- be pleased to incline them to assist the tlemen resident in places surrounded by needy in their extremity. They canuot the most fearful poverty and privation. doubt the exertions which will be made

The benevolence of all classes in the when the sufferings of Ireland shall be United Kingdom has placed a considera- more known -- fully known they can

war.

scarcely be. The Committee have equal ty, unwholesome and unnutritious diet. confidence in the success of this plea, Moreover, in these times of great dewhen urged by the ministers of religion pression, the gentry of the country who of whatever denomination; and they rely, reside upon their estates, and are the with confidence, on the repetition of that natural guardians and supporters of their generosity which heretofore rescued a people, not duly receiving their rents, considerable part of the German popula- many with the best disposition have it tion from the ruinous effects of desolating not in their power to afford the relief

which their duty and their feelings would In this view they present to the public dictate ;- in short, if the government some extracts of letters, addressed to the could prove that provisions of all kinds Committee from persons of respectability, were in plenty, and at very reduced and which are but specimens of a mul- prices (neither of which is now the case,) titude which the Comunittee are daily still we should be in want. receiving.

From Rathkeale.
From Bantry.

I went yesterday to Limerick with Mr. There are by the last returns over

Harding, to lay before the Committee the seven thousand persons totally dependant result of our visitation through the town on a fund of 5531. including the 3001. we

lands of our parish. On our commencing have received from your benevolent so

our task, Mr. H. took a book in his ciety; and three months must elapse pocket 10 enforce a faithful return; but before any of these will be enabled ef. indeed we but too suon found the melanfectually to provide for themselves. In a

choly truth in each countenance; many population of 16,250, (comprehending the for a long time had but one meal for town and barony,) this is a fearful num

their families, and some had been eating ber of famishing paupers.

some little reninants of seed left in their It being totally impossible to minister quarter ground since last year, and many to the wants of all, scenes of the most

had not in any way a single morsel to eat. agonizing distress are every day taking Just at the foot of Knocknaboula, a bog, place, which we have not the means to

five in family had for some time been remedy.

living on the oatmeal, brought by a boy The unfortunate pride of the people, of eight years of age in return for two too, adds not a little to the calamity? cleaves of turf, which he daily carried to one woman, with three children, died of Loughill, and sold for three-halfpence; actual starvation; they were nearly a

the quantity of oatmeal at five-pence the week without sustenance, and the woman

pottle you know must be very small, and ashamed to make her case known before for that daily to go a distance of six assistance could be administered they miles the two trips. The result of our were all found lifeless together.

visit was 1382 persons, 883 of whom were Many are seen to faint through mere

totally destitute of any means of obtainexhaustion during the necessary delay ing food. There were 234 men able and that occurs in administering food, and willing in any way to work and provide it is the opinion of many of the Com- for themselves. One hundred and thirteen mittee, that were it not for the benevo- acres and a quarter remained untilled lent aid of the British public, the local short of their usual quantity. Want of subscriptions would be hardly sufficient food has brought the fever among us ; to purchase coffins for those who would die fifteen houses had its symptoms, and of mere want.

twelve had sickness. The Typhus fever and Dysentery are

From Listowel. also prevailing rapidly, and, as far as this I hope you will allow an humble indiworld is concerned, the victims of either vidual to take this opportunity on behalf must be provounced comparatively happy. of his unfortunate poor countrymen, to From his Gruce the Archbishop of Tuam. and the

other gentlemen in London, who

return most heartfelt thanks to you, Sir, Every article of provisions is very gene- have thus so humanely averted the imrally greatly rising ; but there is a very pending and otherwise inevitable calamity considerable part of our population that of a famine, which threatened our poor have no interest in their rise or fall, be- and distracted country with all its appalcause in either case, having no employ- ling consequences. It would be in vain ment, they have no means to purchase to attempt any expressson of our feelings at any rate subsistence for their families; on the occasion. Such disinterested and and I much fear that even in our best noble generosity in those who are strantimes many of our poor perish (if not by gers to us, and at such a moment !-It direct starvation) by the effects of scan- must be grateful to the feelings of such men to be assured that those humane support themselves on rock weed, limpets, efforts, as well as those making by our and the tops of nettles. Hundreds I have government, will save thousands of fa- daily witnessed flocking to the sea-side mishing creatures from the death which to collect a scanty meal. It is scarcely otherwise awaited them. Hitherto they possible to convey to you an idea of their have been supported by the exertions of actual sufferings and privations : huma. a nearly exhausted country-exertions nity shudders on viewing their pale and stretched far beyond the means of those siekly forms, worn away by disease and making them, but no longer able to carry famine. In some of the wretched hovels them on. We have hitherto heard of but may be seen the father and mother of a few deaths arising from actual slarvution, family lying down in the last stage of a but a short time more would make it fever, surrounded by their starved and tremendous, had it not been for this half-naked children, with no support, timely assistance. The pale and emaci- beyond the casual pittance bestowed by ated faces met with in the streets and on the charity of an unfortunate neighbour, the roads, proved the rapid approach of whose condition, with the exception of this last stage. I have known an instance sickness, is no way superior. of a man who for three days had not a With feelings of joy and gratitude they morsel to eat, and then stretched exhausted hail the exertions made by a generous on his bed to diema trifie saved him, but public to alleviate their misfortunes ; but bis recovery was slow. "It would be pain- without the influence of some kind friend ful 10 dwelí on those instances of misery, is exercised, to have their situation im. and I only mention them to shew how mediately attended to, relief will come timely the relief has been.

when it can no longer be considered a From Roscommon.

blessing.

From Tarbut. I am induced to address you in consequence of finding your liberality extended

When we reflect on this glorious in. to several parishes in the neighbourhood stance of lively feeling and generosity on of the one I reside in, the poor of which the part of the English nation, any lanhave already received £50 remitted me

guage of ours would fail in giving adeby the Commissioners appointed by the quate expression to our most heartfelt Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ; which sum,

sentiments of gratitude on the occasion. along with private contributions, was

We shall, therefore, not attempt the applied to the relief of the two parishes fruitless task, impressed as we are, that of Donamon and Kilbegnet, and is now

to great and generous minds such deeds very nearly expended ; and those two very of humanity and generosity are their own populous parishes will then be in the ut.

truest rewards. most possible distress, having no resident

But we beg further to state, that notgentleman in either of them (except my. withstanding the degree of relief we have self), which at this moment is not a very already received, the distress of our pining enviable situation, as there are nearly population is weekly and daily increasing three thousand inhabitants who in a feio in consequence of the running out of the days will again be reduced to a state of last remnant of provisions, and the seastarvation.

son getting almost hopelessly late for From Killarney.

sowing potatoes.

We therefore beg to add, that unless I will venture to say that no case, howo further and immediate relief be afforded, ever melancholy, that has come to the the distress from actual want of food knowledge of the London Committee, can for 2197 individuals, with a prospect of a in any particular surpass the actual mi. daily increase to that number, will be sery and wretchedness of the residents of calamitous in the extreme, as the funds Ibrickkane and the adjoining Barony. on hand are only equal to a scanty supEven in the best of times the appearance ply for six or seren days more. and condition of the poor creatures is sufficient to excite compassion. The soil,

From Mayo. the most barren that can be conceived, That the population of the parish of yields but a scanty supply of potatoes, the Kilmina exceeds eight thousand souls ; only article of food. Happy are they, if that, from the unprecedented calamity of they possess a sufficiency of this vegetable, the last season, and almost total failure and can add to their humble fare the of both the potatoe and fax crops, the luxury of a little milk. A total failure one half of those unfortunate beings are of the last year's crop deprived them of now literally in a state of starvation. the sole means of subsistence. To pro. And what renders it more melancholy, long a miserable existence, they have that the numbers crying out for relief are been compelled for some months past to increasing daily.

We beg to state that the parish is un- cure any portion of the funds to be refortunately circumstanced in neither hav- mitted to them direct, it would avert this ing a resident rector, curate or gentleman dreadful calamity, and save the lives of of property. We therefore hope that our many. Your exertions in the cause of application will be humanely attended to. humanity and charity are never wanting, From Galway.

and I leel convinced that a kuowledge of I am not able-I have not laugnage to

the distress and misery of these two undescribe the deplorable state to which ducement to exercise any influence you

fortunate baronies, will be a sufficient inthis wretched people are reduced, many of them subsisting solely on a weed ga- may have with the Loudon Committee, thered on the sea-shore, and carried attention to that quarter. Any sum sent

to direct their immediate and particular many miles on their backs; perhaps so for as 20 or 25 miles : this but barely instructions how it is to be applied, will

to the Secretary, Mr. E. Morony, with supports existence; but for that what be most faithfully attended to. The will not man do? What labour will not a parent undergo to still the piercing cries Committee are persous of the first respecof his famishing children, looking to him

tability. and calling on him to preserve that ex

From Kilmactronny, Sligo. istence he was the cause of giving ? .

From every intelligence I can collect, There are no resident gentry in the

as well as from my own knowledge, I do parish. I am the only landed proprietor believe the population are in as deep diswho ever at all visits it; and being at. tress, as they are in any part of the tached to the country, I sometimes spend county of Roscommon; and I also believe a few days, occasionally, at a lodge i that they are destitute of every means of have in the mountains ; it has no Protes- procuring assistance within themselves, tant clergyman resident, nor a resident the income of the wealthiest individual Protestant except myself; but the parish resident in the parish, not exceeding 1501. priest is a worthy, respectable gentleman. per annun. The vicar is an active, zeaHe and I have called a meeting of the lous, conscientious clergyman, and any most respectable of the inhabitants, but aid which your Committee may think it such is the want of money, that we could adviseable to afford him, will, I am sure, not get ten pounds: to this I shall add be expended in the most beneficial manfifty pounds, but what is that to support ner possible, for the relief of the people, abore 4000 distressed beings, until the From his Grace the Archbishop of Tuum. harvest ? I have been requested by the meeting to act as Secretary, and to make

You kindly ask but for one line, and this appeal to your benevolent Commits it is a charity, for in truth my time is so tee, which I sincerely hope may not be occupied that I cannot afford myself six without effect.

hours in bed. I have been in Westport, From Cork.

Castlebar and Newport; I attended each

of their Committees; I had intended to Our means are so limited, and our have visited Kilmactye and Crossmolina, claims so extensive, that the most cala- but on my way to Castlebar, I passed a mitous consequences may be apprehended, multitude of half-starved men, women if the immediate attention of the bene- and children, at Ballyglass and Balcara, rolent is not directed to this quarter. seeking a share of a handful of meal, It is no uncommon occurrence to see the which could only keep them alive, and no unfortunate individuals faint with hunger more. This seemed to me urgent, and I while waiting to obtain tickets, and many appointed the gentlemen of the country devour their small pittance before they to meet me at each of those places on reach their homes. To extend relief ef. Friday. fectually to this barony, we require at I made myself well acquainted with the least ten to twelve tons of meal per week. state of those parts of Mayo which I Much to the credit of the people of this could not visit. "I have sent to the Comcounty, they have betrayed no symptom mittee a full statement of the hideous of disturbance, and have hitherto borne

scenes I have witnessed.

In short, if their privations with patience and sub- thousands are not sent to Mayo and Galmission.

way, (but the former,-except as to the No one could suppose that human na- West of Galway, than which nothing can ture was capable of bearing such an ac- be more deplorable,-is many shades cumulation of misery and wretchedness.

worse than the latter,) whole populations Sickness and famine are daily making must die. such rapid strides, that, I think, nothing

From Clifden. less than Divive interposition can prevent half of my unfortunate parishioners from

To His Grace the Archbishop of Tuam. perishing with hunger. If you could pro- My Lord, I had the honour and plea

VOL. XVII.

3D

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