« PreviousContinue »
* Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.”—Pope.
Art. I.-A Solution of the Grand poor Indian” on turning to this table
Scripture Puzzle, the Genealogy of The names he finds to be almost enJesus ; not only evincing the Au- tirely different from those which he thenticity of the Tables, but expli- had met with in the pedigree given by citly proving the Story of the Mira. Matthew; and he is informed that culous Conception to be interpolated: this table " belongs not to Joseph, with a Treatise on the Fall of but to the wife of Joseph; that a great Adam;
eliciting the Primitive deal of pains has been taken to shew Meaning of the Original Account, that Luke, when he wrote this geneaand a Prayer to the Deity. By logy, did not know what he was wriJohn Gorton. 3rd ed. with Addi- ting ; and that, when he registered tions. 8vo. pp. 40. Hunter. 1819. Joseph's name, he intended to have THE work before us commences
“ This is strange," 'Theharkobe forefice. commentos externes endian.
“For my own lows a Dialogue between an Indian and part,” rejoins the Briton, who has a Briton, which opens in the following hitherto appeared under a dubious abrupt and singular manner :
kind of character, “I confess, candid“ Briton. Since I find, Sir, that you ly, that I apprehend Luke is perfectly dislike to enter generally into this to- correct in his account, and that his expic, I will confine myself to one parti. positors are decidedly wrong in their cular question, a question which has construction of it.” “Excuse me, long agitated the learned world, and Sir,” replies the Indian, “but I congiven rise to a good deal of discussion. ceive you will have some difficulty in The subject which I mean to propose, reconciling these two tables.” The is the Genealogy of Jesus Christ, as Briton, however, confident as to the it is given by two of his biographers.” strength of his own argument, proThe Indian is now told that the Mes- ceeds to shew in what manner these siah was to descend lineally from Da- two apparently conflicting accounts vid, and is directed to peruse the first may be reconciled. In the first place chapter of Matthew's Gospel with at- he states that there is not one syliable tention, in order to obtain satisfaction in any of the gospels to prove that on this point. He follows the direc- Mary belonged to the tribe of David; tion given to him, and is perplexed. and from this circumstance be infers He finds that the first seventeen verses the extreme improbability of the comof this chapter give a complete genea- mon opinion upon this subject. He logy of Jesus; but that, in the remain- then goes on to shew that Matthew's ing part of the chapter, the fact of his is the genealogy of Joseph's father, descent from David is entirely set and Luke's the genealogy of his mo. aside, and the conception of Mary is ther. “ The learned know very well,” represented as a miraculous one, or, says he, “that it was formerly custoin other words, as having taken place mary among the Jews, to denominate, without the intervention of a man. on the female side, the grandson the He is now instructed to consider the son; and, by the same rule, to term miraculous conception as the fulfil- the grandfather the father." "I unment of a prediction contained in derstand you, Sir," replies the Indian; Isaiah vii. 14-16; but, on turning “ this exposition renders all plain. ! to the passage, he finds that the first
now perceive that Joseph is doubly (if four verses of the following chapter I may so express myself) descended contain a literal and exact account of from David : he claims his lineage the accomplishment of this prophecy. both from Solomon and Nathan, who The Briton acknowledges the truth of were brothers, and the sons of David." this remark; and, at the Indian's own “He does so,” rejoins his companion. request, directs him where to find But here the Indian starts an objecLuke's genealogical table. Nothing tion, and begs to be informed whether can exceed the astonishment of "the this theory does not “produce a suspicion that Joseph was the natural This difficulty the author considers as father of Jesus." The Briton acknow- fully explained by supposing that ledges the validity of this objection; Æranes is the true father of Alialaand proceeds to shew that, if the ge menes, and Panus, his maternal grandnealogical tables exhibited in the Gos- father. The two genealogical tables pels of Matthew and Luke are correct, of Jesus, printed at full length, bring the account of the miraculous concep- this part of the work to a close. tion must necessarily be a fabrication, A Treatise on the Fall of Adam” but that if, on the other hand, Joseph follows next in succession, in which was nothing more than the reputed the author boasts that he has elicited father of Jesus, the Messiah could not the primitive meaning of the original have been a lineal descendant of David. account. To this “Treatise” is subThe conclusion of the whole matter is, joined a Prayer” for the extension that, in the age in which Jesus lived, of more enlightened views on subjects
no doubt was entertained of his be connected with religion, and this ing the legitimate son of Joseph, and prayer seems to have formed the orithat the evangelists and apostles held ginal conclusion to the work. It is this opinion, and no other.”
evidently the production of a pious The next division of this curious but singularly constituted mind. The pamphlet contains some “ Further Treatise on Adam's Fall contains many Observations on the Genealogy of curious and excellent observations; Jesus Christ.” The first remark of but as our attention was attracted to importance here relates to the total the work by the theory advanced redissimilarity of the names in the two specting the genealogy of Jesus, and genealogies, with the exception of Sa- as this, in fact, constitutes by far the lathiel, Zorobabel and Eliakim ; and most original and valuable part of the the consequent impossibility of recon- pamphlet, we must content ourselves ciling them on any other supposition with referring our readers to the book than that advanced in the course of itself for information on other subthe dialogue. The coincidence, as far jects, and proceed to "an Address to as regards the above names, is ac- the Clergy of every Denomination recounted for by supposing that there lative to the Genealogy of Jesus," might have been individuals of these which appears to have been stitched names on both sides. To prove that up only with the later editions. . In Luke's table does not refer to the mo- this “ Address" the author endeavours ther of Jesus, but to his father, the to draw the attention of his readers author ingeniously remarks that "the once more to the importance of the name of Joseph" (a favourite family subject which he has made it his prinappellation) is not less than four times cipal object to illustrate. We shall recorded,” and hence infers “ that the quote from it one or two short pasevangelist in assigning it to the father suges for the satisfaction of our readof Jesus, (his more than putative, his ers, and then close the hasty sketch real father,) has placed it to the ac. which we have been induced to take count of the right owner." We are of this ingenious and singular publinext referred to a curious inscription cation. found by Mr. Wood at Palmyra, of which the following Latin version is St. Matthew's genealogy of Jesus'tend
«« The introductory verse alone' to given from “ Harmer's Observations,” ed in a great measure to convince me
Senatus populusque Alialamenem, that Joseph was the undoubted parent of Pani filium, Mocimi nepotem, Æranis Jesus; for I would wish to be informed, pronepotem, Mathæ abnepotem, et how the word “generation can be intera Æranem patrem ejus, viros pios et preted, if he had been his putative father patriæ amicos, et omni modo placentes only, and had no act of generation been patriæ patriisqne diis, honoris gratia. achieved on his part. Nor is this all ; Anno 450, Mense Aprili.” Here “the for had Joseph been a relative of such difficulty is that Æranes is called the have thought it worth his while to hare
little estimation, would this evangelist futher of Alialamenes, who is himself taken such pains, or would he have so called the son of Panus, just in the far depreciated his own character as a bisame manner as St. Matthew tells us, ographer, to enumerate as he has certhat Jacob begat Joseph; and St. tainly done, the ancestors of Joseph Luke calls Joseph, the son of Heli.” (which were of the regal line) for the
avowed purpose of distinguishing them as out the kingdom, when the painful tibeing those of Jesus also? Aud after- dings of her decease were received by wards in a recapitulation of the number tolling the bells of the Cathedral and of these very ancestors, does he not in- Churches. But there is one exception to clude Joseph himself, expressly as his this very creditable fact which demands immediate progenitor? What historian, especial notice. In this episcopal city, possessing his proper senses, would think containing six Churches, independently of relating the genealogy of a father-in- of the Cathedral, not a single bell anlaw, with a view of proving the pedigree nounced the departure of the magnani. of a son-in-law, (though there should mous spirit of the most injured of Queens happen to be a little consanguinity be. -the most persecuted of women. Thus tween them,) merely because ihe mother the brutal enmity of those who embitterof the latter might be the wife of the ed her mortal existence pursues her in her former ?"
shroud. We know not whether any ac.
tual orders were issued to prevent this These questions we recommend to customary sign of mourning; but the the careful consideration of every the- omission plainly indicates the kind of ological inquirer;* and take leave of spirit which predominates among our our author by assuring him, that, al- clergy. Yet these men profess to be folthough we have detected a few inaccu- lowers of Jesus Christ, to walk in his racies of composition and punctuation,
footsteps, to teach his precepts, to inculwe have derived both pleasure and
cate his spirit, to promote harmony, chainstruction from the perusal of his
rity and Christian love! Out upon such little work.
hypocrisy! It is such conduct which ren0. P.Q.
ders the very name of our Established Clergy odious till it stinks in the nostrils;
that makes our Churches look like deART. II.-Trial of John Ambrose serted sepulchres, rather than temples of Williams, for a Libel on the Clergy,
the living God; that raises up conventicontained in the Durham Chronicle cles in every corner, and increases the Baron Wood and a Special Jury. be regarded as usurpers of their posses, of August 18, 1821. Before Mr. brood of wild fanatics and enthusiasts ;
that causes our beneficed dignitaries to Tried at the Summer Assizes, at Durham, on Tuesdny, August 6th, influence and respect ; that, in short, has
sions; that deprives them of all pastoral 1822. To which is prefixed a Re- left them no support or prop in the atport of the Preliminary Proceed- tachment or veneration of the people. ings in the Court of King's Bench, - Sensible of the decline of their spiritual London. 8vo. pp. 58. Durham, and moral influence, they cling to tempo printed by J. A. Williams, and pabo ral power, and lose in their officiousness lished by Ridgway, London. in political matters, even the semblance WERE was a reference to this it is impossible that such a system can
of the character of ministers of religion. TH
cause in our last volume (XVI. last. It is at war with the spirit of the 694): we now take up the “Trial" age, as well as with justice and reason, on account of the bearing of the ques. and the beetles who crawl about amidst tion upon the right of discussion, and its holes and crevices, act as if they were particularly of the eloquent and admi- striving to provoke and accelerate the rable speech of Mr. BROUGHAM on
blow which, sooner or later, will inevithe defence.
tably crush the whole fabric, and level it The libel was in the following pas
with the dust."-Pp. 5, 6. sage :
Passing by the preliminary proceed “So far as we have been able to judge ings, we come to the trial at Durham. from the accounts in the public papers, Mr. Scarlett was counsel for the a mark of respect to her late Majesty prosecution, Mr. BROUGHAM for the has been almost universally paid through defendant. The speech of the former
gentlemen was according to the ap
proved recipe in such cases. He had Perhaps the recommendation will called the defendant “ that unhappy. come with additional force if we subjoin man.” the following curious proposal appended of this expression in his exordium.
Mr. Brougham caught hold by the author to his concluding address. “N.B. As the author aims at truth only, “ Unhappy he will be indeed, but not he will give any person one hundred the only unhappy man in this country, if pounds who will refute his solution." the doctrines laid down by my learned
friend are sanctioned by your verdict"; have than that any human being exceptfor those doctrines, I fearlessly tell you, ing yourselves should, directly or indimust, if established, inevitably destroy rectly, take part in these proceedings." the whole liberties of us all. Not that The interruptiou having ceased, the learn. he has ventured to deny the right of dis. ed gentleman resumed.] cussion generally upon all subjects, even In the publication before you, the de. upon the present, or to screen from free fendant has not attempted to dispute the inquiry the foundations of the Established high character of the Church; on that Church and the conduct of its ministers establishment or its members, generally, as a body (which I shall satisfy you are he has not endeavoured to fix any stigma. not even commented on in the publica. Those topics then are foreign to the pretion before you). Far from my learned sent inquiry, and I have no interest frieud is it to impugn those rights in the iu disenssing them; yet after what has abstract ; nor, indeed, have I ever yet fallen from ny learned friend, it is fitting heard a prosecutor for libel-an Attorney- that I should claim for this' defendant, General, (and I have seen a good many and for all others, the right to question, in my time,) whether of our Lord the freely to question, not only the conduct of King or our Lord of Durham, who, while the ministers of the Established Church, in the act of crushing every thing like but even the foundations of the Church unfettered discussion, did not preface his itself. It is indeed unnecessary for my address to the Jury, with God forbid present purpose, because I shall demon. that the fullest inquiry should not be strate that the paper before you does not allowed;' but then the admission had touch upon those points; but unnecesinvariably a condition following close be. sary though it be, as my learned friend hind, which entirely retracted the con- has defied me, I will follow him to the cession provided always the discussion field and say, that if there is any one of be carried on harmlessly, temperately, the institutions of the country which, calmly'—that is to say, in such a manner more emphatically than all the rest, jusas to leave the subject uutouched, and tifies us in arguing strongly, feeling pow. the reader unmoved; to satisfy the pub- erfully, aud expressing our sentiments lic prosecutor, and to please the persons with vehemence, it is that branch of the attacked.
State which, because it is sacred, because My learned friend has asked if the it bears connexion with higher principles defendant knows that the Church is esta: than any involved in the mere management blished by law? He knows it, and so do of worldly concerns, for that very reason, 1. The Church is established by law, as entwines itself with deeper feelings, and the civil government--as all the institu- must Deeds be discussed, if discussed at tious of the country are established by all, with more warmth and zeal than law-as all the offices under the Crown any other part of our system is fitted to are established by law, and all who fill rouse. But if any hierarchy in all the them are by the law protected. It is not
world is bound on every principle of conmore established, nor more protected, sistency, if any church should be forward than those institutions, officers and office- not only to suffer but provoke discussion, bearers, each of which is recognized and to stand upon that title and challenge the favoured by the law as much as the most goreserved inquiry, it is the ProChurch; but I never yet have heard, and testant Church of England; first, because I trust I never shall; least of all do I she has nothing to dread from it; seexpect in the lesson which your verdict condly, because she is the very creature this day will read, to hear, that those of free inquiry-the offspring of repeated officers and office-bearers, and all those revolutions-add the most reformed of institutions, sacred and secular, and the the Reformed Churches of Europe. But conduct of all, whether laymen or priests, surely if there is any one corner of Prowho administer them, are not the fair testant Europe where men ought not to subjects of open, untrammelled, manly, be rigorously judged in ecclesiastical conzealous, and even vehement discussion, as troversy-where a large allowance should long as this country pretends to liberty, be made for the contlict of irrecoucileaand prides herself on the possession of a
ble opinions where the barshness of jar.
ring tenets should be patiently borne, “ (At this part of the learned counsel's and strong, or even violent language, bé address, which was delivered with extra
not too narrowly watched—it is this very ordinary force and animation, there was realm, in which we live under three difan involuntary burst of applause from ferent ecclesiastical orders, and owe allethe persons in Court, which was crowded giance to a Sovereign who, in one of his to excess. The Judge said it was abo- kingdoms, is the head of the Church, minable,' and Mr. Brougham, addressing acknowledged as such by all men ; while, the Jury, said, 'I am sure nothing can in another, neither he, nor any earthly be bore contrary to every feeling that I being, is allowed to assume that same
a realm composed of three great divisions, there is any part of England, in which an in ope of which Prelacy is favoured by ample licence ought more especially to law and approved in practice by an Epis- be admitted in handling such matters
, I copalian people ; while, in another, it is say without hesitation, it is this very bi. protected, indeed, by law, but abjured in shopric, where in the 19th century, you practice by a nation of sectaries, Catho- live under a Palatine Prince, the Lord of lic and Presbyterian ; and, in a third, Durlram ; where the endowment of the it is abhorred alike by law and ir prac- hierarchy, I may not call it enormous, tice, repudiated by the whole institutions, but I trust I shall be permitted without ofscorned and detested by the whole inha- fence to term it splendid; where the estabitants. His Majesty, almost at the blishment, I dare not whisper prores time in which I am speaking, is about to grinding to the people, but I will rather make a progress through the Northern say is an incalculable, an inscrutable provinces of this island, accompanied by blessing-ouly it is prodigiously large; certain of his chosen counsellors, a por- showered down in a profusion somewhat tion of men who enjoy unenvied, and in overpowering; and laying the inhabi. an equal degree, the admiration of other tants under a load of obligation orer. countries and the wonder of their own— whelming by its weight. It is in Durham and there the Prince will see much loy- where the Church is endowed with a alty, great learning, some splendour, the splendour and a power, unknown in remains of an ancient monarchy, and of Monkish times and Popish countries, and the institutions which made it Aourish. the clergy swarm in every corner, an' But one thing he will not see. Strange it were the Patrimony of St. Peter—it is as it may seem, and to many who hear here where all manner of conflicts are at me incredible, from one end of the coun- each moment inevitable between the peo. try to the other he will see no such thing ple and the priests, that I feel myself as a bishop ; (loud laughter ;) not such a warranted on their behalf, and for their thing is to be found from the Tweed to protection for the sake of the EstablishJohn O'Groat's : not a mitre; no, nor so ment, and as the discreet advocate of much as a minor canon, or even a rural that Church and that Clergy-for the dean—and in all the land not one single defence of their very existence-to de. curate--s0 entirely rude and barbarous mand the most unrestrained discussion are they in Scotland-in such outer dark of their title and their actings under it. ness do they sit, that they support no ca- For them in this age to screen their conthedrals, maintain no pluralists, suffer no duct from investigation, is to stand selfnon-residence; nay, the poor benighted convicted ; to shrink from the discussion creatures are ignorant even of tithes. of their title, is to confess a flaw; he Not a sheaf, or a lamb, or a pig, or the must be the most shallow, the most blind value of a plough-penny, do the hapless of mortals, who does not at once perceive mortals render from year's end to year's that if that title is protected only by the end! Piteous as their lot is, what strong arm of the law, it becomes not makes it infinitely more touching, is to worth the parchment on which it is eswitness the return of good for evil in the grossed, or the wax that dangles to it for demeanour of this wretched race. Un- a seal. I have hitherto all along assumed, der all this cruel neglect of their spiri- that there is nothing impure in the practual concerns, they are actually the most tice under the system; I am admitting loyal, contented, moral and religious that every person engaged in its adminis. people any where, perhaps, to be found tration does every one act which he ought, in the world. Let us hope (many indeed and which the law expects him to do; 1 there are, not afar off, who will with un. am supposing that up to this hour not feigned devotion pray), that his Majesty one unworthy member has entered within may return safe from the dangers of his its pale; I am even presuming that up to excursion into such a country; an excur. this moment not one of those individuals sion most perilous to a certain portion of has stepped beyond the strict line of bis the Church, should his royal mind be sacred functions, or given the slightest infected with a taste for cheap establishe offence or annoyance to any human being; ments, a working Clergy, and a pious I am taking it for granted that they all congregation! But compassion for our act the part of good shepherds, making brethren in the North has drawn me the welfare of the flock their first careaside from my purpose, which was mere. and only occasionally bethinking them of ly to remind you how preposterous it is shearing in order to present the too luxuin a couutry of which the ecclesiastical riant growth of the fleece proving an enpolity is framed upon plaus so discordant, cumbrance, or to eradicate disease. II, and the religious teneis themselves are sú however, those operations be so constant various, to require any very measured that the Aock actually live under the expression of men's opinions upon ques. knife--if the shepherds are so numerous, ions of church government. And if and employ so large a troop of the watchi