The Voice of the Narrator in Children's Literature: Insights from Writers and Critics
Charlotte F. Otten, Gary D. Schmidt
Greenwood Press, 1989 - Literary Criticism - 414 pages
As Otten and Schmidt note in their preface, voice is a broad metaphor. Thus the 41 essays in this collection provide varied approaches, examining point of view, focus, selection of details, tone, and even illustrations as part of the narrative identity. Eight genres, including picture books, fantasy, realism, and biography, receive separate study in generally brief articles by writers and more substantial analyses by critics. . . . In her contribution, Jill Paton Walsh describes contemporary criticism as an `impenetrable thicket of technical terms.' In most cases, the critics here avoid jargon. They speak clearly, offering practical criticsm accessible to anyone seriously concerned about narrative technique in children's literature. Choice
Although children's literature is now a recognized branch of English and American literature, much of the criticism of it has focused on teaching methodology, history, and basic exposition. Since children's books are no less a part of the literary tradition than adult books, there is room for new approaches to children's literature. While the importance of the voice of the narrator is emerging in criticism of adult fiction, poetry, and nonfiction, little has been written about this subject in children's literature. Examining the voice of the narrator can identify hitherto unexplored and unrecognized aspects of children's literature.
The essays in this collection were contributed by noted authors and critics. Their inquiry is divided into eight genres--the illustrated book, folk literature and myth, fantasy, realism, poetry, historical fiction, biography, and informational books--and each genre is discussed in terms of the authorial voice and the critical voice. Each of the essays works toward an understanding of how the voice of the narrator functions in a given work or in the larger corpus of an author's work. The result is not only a greater understanding of how specific authors shape their material and how authors use voice for particular effects, but also how the narrator differs functionally from one genre to the next. This unique essay collection is particularly suited for use in children's literature courses. Because the contributors are some of the most significant authors and critics in children's literature in English, it should also be part of any academic library's holdings in the criticism of children's literature in particular and literary criticism in general.
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OTTEN : Finishing Grimm , The Juniper Tree . The text describes the bird as “ this
lovely bird that sang oh , so gloriously sweet ” ( 320 ) . Your bird ( 321 ; cover )
tells us the full story : He looks like a phoenix , rather terrifying , risen out of the
From time to time the narrator mentions himself , as when he is describing Smoky
' s early encounters with wild animals ... into the use of third - person observations
other than the narrator himself , such as when he describes the movement of a ...
The advantages of the central consciousness as narrator in realistic fiction for
children , Lois Kuznets suggests , are those that James describes for adult
realistic fiction : the reader has a stable point of identification from which to
measure the ...
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