Ecological Biogeography of Australia
Springer Netherlands, Mar 31, 1981 - Science - 2142 pages
Understanding the biogeography of Australia requires knowledge of both existing and former environments. The existing environment is discussed elsewhere in the volume but a few salient points should be reiterated. Three-quarters of Australia is either arid or semi-arid and even much of the better-watered fringes has long dry seasons. Vast stretches of ocean separate it from other land masses except in the north where New Guinea and Indonesia form 'stepping stones' to and from Asia. It is also a low continent with over 99% of its area below 1000 m; even the highest summits barely exceed 2000 m. Since most of the surface has undergone prolonged weath ering, poor soils are the rule. The impact of man on the landscape has been less than in more densely settled continents. Aboriginal man has inhabited the continent for 40,000 years or more but agriculture and stock rearing have operated for less than two centuries and the present rural population is sparse. Large parts of the dry interior are not occupied although they are affected to some extent by introduced feral animals.
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History and origins of the work XI
The breakup of the AustralianAntarctic segment of Gond
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Aboriginal Studies adaptations animals Archer areas arid Aust Australian Aborigines Australian bats Australian birds avian avifauna Bartholomew biogeography Biology biota Birdsell breeding Canberra Cape York Peninsula caves Chapter climatic coast coastal continent culture dasyurids Dawson desert distribution patterns diversity eastern ecological endemic environment Eucalyptus evaporative evolution extinction families fauna forest forms fossil genera genus grassland groups Guinea habitats honeyeaters insects islands Kangaroo Keast Kikkawa Lake land lizards macropods Macropus major mammals marsupials Mayr Meliphagidae metabolism Miocene Muridae nectar northern numbers of species occur origin Physiol plant Pleistocene Pliocene pollination populations Proc Quaternary Queensland rain rainfall rainforest range Rattus recent region reproduction River rodents sclerophyll season Serventy Skadhauge South Australia South Wales southern southwest speciation species densities suggested Tasmania temperatures Tertiary Tindale Torres Strait tribes tropical vegetation vertebrates Victoria wallaby water loss Western Australia woodland zone Zool