Economics of Child Labour

Front Cover
Springer, May 31, 2019 - Business & Economics - 156 pages
This book examines the effectiveness of trade and non-trade policies to combat the menace of child labour. Although it has decreased on the global scale in recent years, child labour still remains high, particularly in the developing countries. Keeping in mind the estimated extent of child labour in different regions around the globe, the book offers a detailed critical review of both theoretical and empirical literature on the topic as well as the policies to reduce the incidence of child labour. It also develops a general equilibrium model to demonstrate the possible effects of growth-promoting, non-trade policies, as opposed to direct trade policies, on child labour employment mitigation. The book argues that of the non-trade policies, the introduction of compulsory education appears to be an effective instrument for curtailing the child labour problem when families receive targeted subsidies for sending their children to school. It also shows that appropriately designed and targeted education subsidies can reduce the incidence of child labour and that social protection measures, such as subsidies on school enrolment, also tend to have a positive impact. The book not only opens up research topics for academicians but is also a valuable resource for policy makers.


 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Incidence of Child LabourGlobal and Indian Estimates
7
3 Types and Causes of Child Labour
29
4 Survey of Literature
41
5 Impact of Trade Versus Nontrade Policy on Child Labour in a Two Sector General Equilibrium Framework
69
6 Effectiveness of Trade and Nontrade Policies on the Incidence of Child LabourA ThreeSector General Equilibrium Framework
86
7 Conclusion
151
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About the author (2019)

Biswajit Chatterjee is a Retired Professor at the Department of Economics, Jadavpur University. He is the former President of The Indian Econometric Society and the Indian Society of Labour Economics, and is the President of the Bengal Economic Association. He specialises in development economics, international trade, and the Indian economy.

Dr. Runa Ray is an Associate Professor of Economics at Vidyasagar College Kolkata, and has contributed research in the field of international trade and development economics.