Economics of Child Labour
This book examines the effectiveness of trade and non-trade policies to combat the menace of child labour. Although it has decreased on the global scale in recent years, child labour still remains high, particularly in the developing countries. Keeping in mind the estimated extent of child labour in different regions around the globe, the book offers a detailed critical review of both theoretical and empirical literature on the topic as well as the policies to reduce the incidence of child labour. It also develops a general equilibrium model to demonstrate the possible effects of growth-promoting, non-trade policies, as opposed to direct trade policies, on child labour employment mitigation. The book argues that of the non-trade policies, the introduction of compulsory education appears to be an effective instrument for curtailing the child labour problem when families receive targeted subsidies for sending their children to school. It also shows that appropriately designed and targeted education subsidies can reduce the incidence of child labour and that social protection measures, such as subsidies on school enrolment, also tend to have a positive impact. The book not only opens up research topics for academicians but is also a valuable resource for policy makers.
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3 Types and Causes of Child Labour
4 Survey of Literature
5 Impact of Trade Versus Nontrade Policy on Child Labour in a Two Sector General Equilibrium Framework
6 Effectiveness of Trade and Nontrade Policies on the Incidence of Child LabourA ThreeSector General Equilibrium Framework
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adult labour endowment adult labour market adult wage rate adult workers aLaX Andhra Pradesh Biswajit Chatterjee Chhattisgarh child labour market child labour supply child wage rate child workers developing countries developing economies differential Due to protectionism economic expansion education subsidy equilibrium analysis equilibrium framework estimates of child export sector exported product factor prices factors of production formal sector Global estimates Haryana Hence Himachal Pradesh household Impact of Trade import competing sector incidence of child income effect India informal sector input Jharkhand Journal Karnataka labour standards Madhya Pradesh Maskus national welfare non-trade policies non-traded intermediary non-traded intermediate Number 000s output parents poverty Proposition protectionism in import Runa Ray rural sector school enrolment sector general equilibrium send their children small open economy supply of child three sector trade balance trade restriction trade sanctions trend urban sector utility function Uttar Pradesh