Soil Biodiversity in Amazonian and Other Brazilian Ecosystems

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F. M. S. Moreira, J. O. Siqueira, L. Brussaard
CABI, 2006 - Science - 280 pages
The loss of biological diversity has become an increased concern over recent years and is now enshrined in international conventions. Most biodiversity in fact occurs in the soil. Soil organisms (especially bacteria, fungi and soil invertebrates) play a major role in the formation of soil structure and are primary agents of decomposition and are drivers of nutrient cycling, and hence agricultural production.This book reviews soil biodiversity in one of the key biodiversity hotspots of the world, i.e. the Amazon and nearby regions of Brazil. It covers both the tropical savannah and rain forests . The work reported is based on a project "Conservation and Sustainable Management of Below-Ground Biodiversity", executed by TSBF-CIAT with co-financing from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implementation support from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The book represents a major contribution to the literature and will interest those in biodiversity conservation, soil scienceand ecology and biodiversity conservation.
 

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Contents

a Key Role for Brazil in the Global Quest for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
1
2 Soil and Land Use in the Brazilian Amazon
13
The colour plate
22
3 Soil Macrofauna Communities in Brazilian Amazonia
43
4 Earthworm Ecology and Diversity in Brazil
56
Isoptera
117
6 Patterns of Diversity and Responses to Forest Disturbance by Grounddwelling Ants in Amazonia
129
7 Soil Mesofauna in Central Amazon
142
8 Nematode Communities in Soils under Different Land Use Systems in Brazilian Amazon and Savannah Vegetation
163
9 Diversity of Microfungi in Tropical Soils
184
10 Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Brazilian Ecosystems
206
11 Nitrogenfixing Leguminosaenodulating Bacteria
237
Index
271
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