Ermengard of Narbonne and the World of the Troubadours

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Cornell University Press, 2001 - History - 474 pages
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Before France became France its territories included Occitania, roughly the present-day province of Languedoc. The city of Narbonne was a center of Occitanian commerce and culture during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. For most of the second half of the twelfth century, that city and its environs were ruled by a remarkable woman, Ermengard, who negotiated her city's way through a maze of ever changing dynastic alliances. Fredric L. Cheyette's masterful and beautifully illustrated book is a biography of an extraordinary warrior woman and of a unique, vulnerable, doomed society Ermengard roamed Occitania receiving oaths of fidelity, negotiating treaties, set thing disputes among the lords of her lands, and camping with her armies before the walls of besieged cities. She was born into a world of politics and warfare, but from the Mediterranean to the North Sea her name echoed in songs that treated the arts of love.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Occitania
2
The Viscountess Comes of Age
14
V1scounts of Narbonne
15
Preface 59
39
Narbonne in Ermengards time
46
The Urban Marketplace
54
City and Countryside
66
Oaths and Oath Takers
187
Castles of William of Alaigne and Raymond of Niort
196
Anger Conflict and Reconciliation
199
Giving and Taking
220
Preface
251
The Ravaging of Occitania
274
Trencavel family 26
276
Sowing the Seeds of Crusade
286

Environs of Narbonne
68
Viscounty north of Narbonne
74
Cities of Mammon Cities of Mars
80
The Bishop in the City
103
Archbishops castles
112
Preface
127
Serfdom and the Dues of Domination
149
Ermengards Entourage
168
A War Like an Omen
308
Cathar hierarchy in the early thirteenth century
328
Impatient Heirs
331
The Undoing of Occitania 547
347
Abbreviations
363
Love and Fidelity
418
63
464
Copyright

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