Mechanics and Natural Philosophy before the Scientific Revolution

Front Cover
Walter Roy Laird, Sophie Roux
Springer Science & Business Media, Jan 1, 2008 - Science - 320 pages

Modern mechanics was forged in the seventeenth century from materials inherited from Antiquity and transformed in the period from the Middle Ages through to the sixteenth century. These materials were transmitted through a number of textual traditions and within several disciplines and practices, including ancient and medieval natural philosophy, statics, the theory and design of machines, and mathematics.

This volume deals with a variety of moments in the history of mechanics when conflicts arose within one textual tradition, between different traditions, or between textual traditions and the wider world of practice. Its purpose is to show how the accommodations sometimes made in the course of these conflicts ultimately contributed to the emergence of modern mechanics.

The first part of the volume is concerned with ancient mechanics and its transformations in the Middle Ages; the second part with the reappropriation of ancient mechanics and especially with the reception of the Pseudo-Aristotelian Mechanica in the Renaissance; and the third and final part, with early-modern mechanics in specific social, national, and institutional contexts.

 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
2
1 ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL MECHANICS
13
THEORY AND PRACTICE IN HERONS MECHANICS
16
A MATHEMATICAL LAW?
52
THE ORIGIN AND FATE OF THOMAS BRADWARDINES DE PROPORTIONIBUS VELOCITATUM IN MOTIBUS IN RELATION TO THE HIS...
68
CONCEPTS OF IMPETUS AND THE HISTORY OF MECHANICS
122
2 THE REAPPROPRIATION AND TRANSFORMATION OF ANCIENT MECHANICS
147
CIRCULAR AND RECTILINEAR MOTION IN THE MECHANICA AND IN THE 16TH CENTURY
150
CESALPINO AND BUONAMICI HUMANIST MASTERS OF THE FACULTY OF ARTS
186
THE ENIGMA OF THE INCLINED PLANE FROM HERON TO GALILEO
196
THE PENDULUM AS A CHALLENGING OBJECT IN EARLYMODERN MECHANICS
224
MECHANICS IN SPAIN AT THE END OF THE 16TH CENTURY AND THE MADRID ACADEMY OF MATHEMATICS
240
MECHANICS AND MECHANICAL PHILOSOPHY IN SOME JESUIT MATHEMATICAL TEXTBOOKS OF THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY
260
BIBLIOGRAPHY
276
AUTHOR INDEX
298
SUBJECT INDEX
302

NATURE MECHANICS AND VOLUNTARY MOVEMENT IN GIUSEPPE MOLETTIS LECTURES ON THE PSEUDOARISTOTELIAN MECHAN...
174

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