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promotions by seniority and gradation, To preserve the Company's affairs except on very particular occasions, from future embarrassinents, he conwhen he hould be able to affign sub- ceived the most effectual means would ftantial reasons, for departing from the be to lessen their expences, by lowergeneral rule. A fi item of peace and ing the different establishments, as far tranquillity hould be laid down, which as could be done without cramping the Company's servants should be obli- the service. For this purpose, it would ged to pursue. They should be en- be necessary to order lits of all the cijoined not to make war or alliances, vil, military, and marine officers, in without directions from home, except the Company's service in India, with on fuch emergencies as might call for an account of the salaries and expences sudden measures, of which they should of cach, that parliament might fee send home immediate notice, and more what retrenchments could be made over, be obliged to juftify their conduct, with propriety; and care should be in departing from the letter of their taken to reftrain the Company from inftructions, which, to make them the sending out persons in civil employmore cautious, should always be confi- ments, or as cadets, till the establishdered as a presumption of their crimi ments abroad should cease to be overnality. They should be restricted from burthened. They would thus be enataking presents from the natives, ex bled to extend their commerce, and cept such as are decmed mere matters the natives of India, instead of being of ceremony, and to prevent abuses impoverished by our increase of wealth, under this indulgence, these presents would find themselves enriched by fould be registered, and if found to that very commerce, which, opening a exceed what is usually given, they market for the sale of their manufacfhould be deemed to have been extort tures, would find employment for their ed, and the receivers punished as for labouring people. extortion.
But all the regulations which the As to what related more immediate- wisdom of the legillature could dictate ly to the natives, it had been suggested, would be of little avail, if there were that all such should be restored to their not means to bring delinquents to juslands as had been dispoffeffed within tice; and since the common law had a given period; but, in many cases, no provision for many of the crimes, indiscriminate restoration would be which the Company's servants might as improper a6 indiscriminate confif- commit abroad, it would be necessary cation. All, therefore, that could be to establish fome tribunal, to try ofdone at first, would be to institute an fences committed in India, that should inquiry. Each case would then stand not be bound by the common forms of on its proper merits, and the claimants law. This tribunal, he proposed, would recover their lands, or lose them should be appointed to sit by virtue of for ever, as their claims should be a special commission, to be composed founded in justice and equity. Stabi- of some of the judges of the land, some lity and security of property, accord- of the peers of parliament, and also ing to the laws of England, should some of the members of the House of then be imparted to our Indian sub- Commors, and to give it some little jects, in as great a degree as their man- resemblance to a jury, some of its ners and customs weuid perinit. The members should be appointed by baltribute, which the zemindars and others lot, so that with the certainty of choice are bound to pay, should be finally would be blended the impartiality of ascertained, and being regularly paid, chance. Thus the trial would come they should have the moit ample fecu- before men remarkable for their inte, rity for the tenure of their lands and grity, their honour, their rank in the property. The claims of the diiferent country, and their knowledge of law. princes on each other should be deter- They should be empowered to promined, and the respective parties in nounce such judgement on the guilty, formed that the decision must be con as the common law would pronounce, clufive.
in cases of misdemeanour, varying the was to comprize the whole in one punishment of tine and imprisonment bill. according to the different degrees of
The House of Commons criininality. And as the fine ought to divided on the third reading of the hear a proportion to the wealth of the infolvent debtors bill, which was cutperson convicted, such person fhould ried in the afirmative, and the bill be bound to answer interrogatories as paffed. to the amount of his property, and be A petition was presented from the made liable to severe punishment, if Hon. St. Andrew St. John, against he Mhould conceal the truth in his an- Lord Ongley, complaining of an unfwers. This latter clauie he felt might due election for the county of Bedford, be a hardship, and a great departure upon which a motion was made, and from the rules of common law ; but he seconded, for its being taken into conkney no other way of guarding against fideration on the 12th of October next. extortion in so remote a country as
Mr. Fox stated that the peculiar case India, and defending from the rapa. of the petitioner rendered an immecity of a few the millions who were diate attention to his situation a matsubject to our dominion. In order still ter of justice; for it was fingular, that further to deter the Company's ser- the very circumitance of his being revants from giving a loose to their turned by a majority on the poll, prepacious dispositions, perfons convicted cluded him from defending hinter of misdemeanours before this tribunal before the committee who had fit might be disqualified from serving the aside the retuin. The committee came Company again, in any capacity; and to a resolution, that no evidence should a clause might be introduced into the be admitted to prove, that a vote fet bill, forbidding the Company to fend down on the poll books for one can. back to India any of their servants, didate had been given to another, unwho, after returning from that coun- less such circumstance had been mentry, should have relided for a given
tioned to the sheriff before the return, tine in England. He concluded with fo that Mr. St. John, who had the mamoving for leave to bring in a bill, on jority, did not see the necessity of these principles, for the better görem- making his objections to the sheriff, ment of India.
not supposing that a future resolution Mr. Fox, from the frequent allu- of the committee would prerent hin fions made to the bill which had passed from availing himself of such intorthe House of Commons last year, con
mation as would be found neceffary, ceived himself called upon, not only to establish his return before the comto oppose the very different plan that mittee. Mr. Fox, therefore, moved, had been just opened, but to justiny that the 22d initant be inserted, inítead his own conduct in proposing that bill of the 22d of October. This was op'This, however, he would defer, till a pored by Mr. Pitt, on the propriety of more advanced stage of the business. the House’s adhering to its former reHe presumed, from the manner of solution, not to try any mcre petitions opening it, that Mr. Pitt intended to
this session, and the amendment was bring in three feparate bills; cne for negatived without a division. the government of India; one for the July 8. Mr. Huller opposed the fecurity of the natives; and one for paffing of Sir Alhton Lever's lotiers bill, the punishment of delinquents. To on the fame principle which rendered the two last he had very little objection; all lottery bills objectionable, ihat ther but the first differed fo much, from encouraged gambling. After fome dewhat he conceived to be the true prin- fultory remarks, it was read a third ciple, on which the reform of the go- tine and paffed. vernment of india ought to be found
Sir John Wrottesley presented a peed, that he thought it his duty to op- tition from the county of Stafford, pose it, to the utmost of his
power. praying that the money levied on that Mr. Pitt replied, that his intention county, in lieu of its quota of militia,
in 1771 and 1775, which had lain in tions, would turn out an useful and the hands of the receiver-general of the efficient source of revenue. land-tax fince the above period, might Mr. Burke moved that the resolube appropriated to the building of a tions of the last parliament, for the recall county jail. The Speaker explained, of Mr. Hastings and Sir Elijah Impey, that the act which directed a fine to be might be read. He underitood that levied on each county that failed in his absence had been lamented by Mr. raising its quota of militia did not Pitt fome days ago, when he informed appoint to whom the money mould be the House of the arrival of Sir Elijah payed, nor to what purpose it should Impey, in consequence of these resolube applied. From this deficiency in tions, as if it was expected that he the act, no Chancellor of the Exchequer should pursue the business. But since could receive it from the receiver-ge- the committee by whose orders the neral, in whose hands it had, therefore, motion had been made, and the House neceffarily remained. Several members of Commons who had addressed the objected to beítowing money that had King to recall the learned judge, were been raised for the public service, as a now no inore, he did not conceive it premium to the county of Stafford, to be his duty, merely for having been which, from its opulence, was above the a member of that committee, to proneceffity of such a requeft; and some secute the charge against Sir Elijah thought, that it ought to be applied toease Impcy. The Icarned judge was the expences of those who had served officer of the crown, who held his in the militia. The petition was re office during pleasure, he stood charged jected, and the Chancellor of the Ex on the journals of the House with chequer immediately moved for leave having illegally accepted a place under to bring in a bill, to compel all monies Mr. Hastings, and consequently it beso levied, to be paid into the Exche- longed to his Majesty's ministers to quer.
insitute an enquiry into his conduct, Mr. Rose moved that the inland that he might be honourably acquirduties on cocoa, coffee, &c. be taken ted if innocent, and punished if guilty. off, and laid on the importation of From the contemptuous manner in them. Mr. Eden asked if any com which a noble lord (Lord 'l hurlow) motation duties were intended in lieu now high in office, had treated the reof these, and what they produced; and ports of the House of Commons, he observed that the exemption from in- certainly would not carry a caule beland duties would expose the revenue
fore a tribunal where it was already more to injury from smuggling. Mr. prejudged. In imitation, therefore, Rose replied, that no commutation taxes of the example which the Chancellor were intended; the amount of the in- of the Exchequer had just set him, in land duties was about 25,00ol. a-year, giving up his own opinion to expeand what was laid on the imports was diency, he would give up a prosecution meaned only as an equivalent; but sup- for which he still thought there were poling the whole to be lost by an in- the best grounds, and put it into the crease of smuggling, the Excise could hands of Mr. Pitt, whose duty it was, not be a loser, as the collection and as prime minister, to enquire into the management of this duty alone cost conduct of all the subordinate servants 40,cool. annually.
of the crown. Mr. Pitt then signified, that in con Mr. Pitt said that, because Mix. sequence of the information which he Burke seconded the motion for the rehad received from many gentlemen, re- call, he imagined he would have purative to the intended duty on coals, sued the burneis. Since, however, he it was not his intention to pursue it declined it, it certainly became the any farther this feffion, at the saine time, business of his Majeity's ministers to he declared that he had not wholly consider what steps it would be
propez abandoned the measure, which he was to take refpcéting Sir Elijah. till convinced, under proper restric The biil for continuing the commisLOND, MAG. Sept. 1784.
fioners of public accounts was then chequer brought in his bill for the committed, and gone through with- better government of India, &c. which out any alteration.
was read a first time and ordered to be July 9. The Chancellor of the Ex- printed.
IRISH ASSOCIATION INTELLIGENCE.
proceed this day to Major-General MaTHURSDAY the 22d inst. being hon's seat in the county of Roscom
appointed for tħe grand review mon, and thence to Kilkenny, to reof the northern division of the volun- view a number of the volunteer army teer army of this province, the feve- of the province of Leinster. ral corps of infantry of this town and Yesterday evening the following, county, with those of Killala, Ballina, among many other toasts, were drunk, Boyle, Strokestown, and Carrick, the at the infantry mess: the King; his county of Sligo and Stroketowncorps of Excellency General Flood; the volunhorse; the whole making upwards of teers of Ireland; the volunteers that 1800 effective men, paraded at eleven composed the northern review of Cono'clock; at twelve marched off, and naught; the majority of the people; proceeded to the old review ground, the real representatives of Ireland; the three miles from town, except the United States of America ; sudden county of Sligo light horse, who waited death to the man that may rise by his to attend the general. The line form- country's fall; may we have liberty in ed at two, juit in time to receire the our hearts, as we have in our arms; distinguished champion for the liberties may volunteers form till parliament reof his country, the Right Hfon. Henry forms; Colonel Payton, chairman of Flood, reviewing-general, who appear- the Leitrim Committee of Indepened on the right, accompanied by Ma- dence. jor-General Mahon, Major Conry, e- At a Meeting of the Temple Infantry, erciting officer, Colonel Brown, Cap beld at the leademy of Shigo, July 21, tain l'Arcy, ailes-du-camps to his Ei 1784, cellency; when having paied the line, Captain GREY in the chair, he took post with his fuite in the front; Refolied, That the following adthe usual compliments being over, the dirtis be presented to his Excellency review commenced, and was gene General FLOOD: through in a ftile of perfection “ SIR, that gratified the expectation of an “ WE are happy in the oppor. amazing concourte of people, anong tunity which this day affords us, of whom were many of the first diftinctiin. płying our personal regards to a chaThe laiter part of the day was peil- racter of such distinguished worth as liarly favourable, for althongh it rain- that of your Excellency. ed with little intermittion the dev be “ The fubitantiai benefits, derived to fore, and fome hours that morning, it this kingdom through your indefaticcated just as the troops marcin i out gable endeavours, are too obrious to to the tichd.
be overlooked even by boyish years : The General's lica?.quarters are at accept then, Sir, the tribute of our the house of join Faran, Lig. by warmest acknowledgements. whoin he 135 entertain d at dinner on Animated by the purest principles Nients ; Tuesday bite county of Sligo of public virtue, we have formed this Bigbehart: Wedne ay by ti srcke little corps, which, though light and town borte; and the review-way by inconsiderable in the fcale of the vothe officers of the several infantry lanteer cause, yet we flatter ourselves coss. night there was a public is foftered by your hand, and may bait, rio Lriliantly crowned. speedily grow into maturity.
Ve hear that his Eacellency is to “ At this early period of our age,
we are little skilled in political archi- At a late Meeting of the Lawyers tecture, consequently but ill qualified Corps of Volunteers, they came to to point out to your Excellency the the following Resolution: repairs necessary to be made in this our
“ Dublin, July 15, 1794. once boasted conftitution. May we • Resolved, That we contider the then indulge the fond hope, that the late cutrages of fome ill-adı ised and fame laudable zeal, which at firit ac deluded people as likely to be highly tuated you in promoting the emanci- injurious to the trade and manufactures, pation of your country, will ftill be and subversive of the true liberties and exerted in restoring it to a flate of civil rights of this country; and being permanent safety and prosperity.” decidedly of that opinion, we cannot
but think ourselves bound, by the first To ihe TEMPLE INFANTRY.
and fundamental principle of our in1 oung Fellowv-Soldiers,
ftitution, to use our utmost endeavours IT is related to the honour to prevent, by all poñible means, any of the Spartan chief, that he was fond such outrages in future; to convince of fuperintending the sports of chil. our fellow-citizens, who may have been dren, Your sports are superior to the unhappily miled, that all their just sports even of the Spartan boys; but claims will be beft attained by a strict hall I call them sports? No.' They observance of the law, and steady adare that exercise which makes youthis herence to the spirit of the constitution. men; and without which men are but “ Resolved, That we consider it as children. Milton, in his Treatise on particularly incumbent on this corps Education, has given precepts efpect- to express' its just abhorrence and ining military exercises, which your dignation at the late lawless and vioworthy teacher has drawn into' exam lent attack on the person of the high ple; and I look upon your early yet sheriff of this city in the execution of conspicuous exertions with the same his duty. pleasure with which the husbandman
“ By order, contemplates the promise of a benig “ WM. GLASCOCK, Secretary.”. nant spring.-Go on, and supply the In getting the above resolutions laid fucceffion of those labourers for the before the people of Great-Brit:in, we public good whom time shall take have done an act of justice to our felaway; and believe me to be your af- low-fubjects in Ireland, who have been fectionate admirer,
grossly mifreprefented, for the bats “ HENRY FLOOD.” purpose of serving private ends.
IN TELLIGENCE. THN THE peerage list of England has Neuhansen, Feb. 12. The new road
increased in the course of a cen- making to facilitate a communication tury, during the reigns of fix fuccef- between Transylvania and the Buckofive sovereigas, in the following man- wine will soon be finished, and governner:~At the death of King Charles ment have taken this opportunity to the Second, the House of Lords con- make a new military enrolment on the sited of 176 members.-- At the death mountains, which separate those proof King William the Third it con- vinces from Wallachia, by which it is fifted of 192 members. - At the death found, that the pepulation of thofe of Queen Anne they amounted to 209 parts is such as to furniih 1046 men members. At the death of George upwards of 15 and under 40 years of the First the peerage was 216.--At the age, who are formed into two corps, decease of George the Second it had fit to take up arms in case of need: increased to 229 members. -- And at they will be under command of the the present time (1784) it amounts to commandant of the record regiment 252 peers (lords spiritual and temporal) in the neareil garrison. Those mnounand icemis rapidly increasing.
taincers, who have hitherto been but