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Old friends are best. King James used to call for his old shoes; they were easiest for his feet. 158

John Selden : Table Talk. Friends. ANXIETY

There is much unnecessary anxiety in the world, which is apt too hastily to calculate the consequences of any unforeseen event, quite forgetting that, acute as it is in observation, the world, where the future is concerned, is generally wrong.

Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Lothair.. Ch. 86. The misfortunes hardest to bear are those which never come. 160 Lowell: Democracy. Address. Birmingham, Eng.,

Oct. 6, 1884.

Apologies only account for that which they do not alter.
161 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Speech. House of

Commons (Order of Business), July 28, 1871. Apologizing, - a very desperate habit, - one that is rarely cured. Apology is only egotism wrong side out. Nine times out of ten, the first thing a man's companion knows of his shortcomings is from his apology.

162 Holmes : The Professor at the Breakfast-Table, Ch. 6. APOSTASY

We are all as God made us, and oftentimes a great deal 163 Cervantes : Don Quixote. Pt. ii. Ch. 4. (Jarvis,

Translator.) APPETITE. .

A man who rides out for an appetite consults but little the dignity of human nature. 164

Johnson : Works. XI. 204. (Edition, 1787.) APPLAUSE.

Applause is the spur of noble minds, the end and aim of weak ones. 165

Colton : Lacon. Great minds had rather deserve contemporaneous applause, without obtaining it, than obtain, without deserving it; if it follow them, it is well, but they will not deviate to follow it. 166

Colton : Lacon. APPRECIATION.

A work of real merit finds favor at last.
167 A. Bronson Alcott : Table Talk. 1. Learning.


It is worse to apprehend than to suffer.
168 La Bruyère : Characters. Of Man. (Rowe, Trans.)



The world at large is the arbiter at large of a nation's fame; with its thousand eyes it witnesses a nation's deeds, and from their collective testimony is national glory or national disgrace established. 169 Washington Irving : The Sketch-Book. English

Writers on America. ARCHÆOLOGY.

Archæology is not only the handmaid of history, it is also the conservator of art. 170 Lord Lytton : Speeches. XXXIV. The Archæologi

cal Congress, Aug. 2, 1869. ARCHITECTURE - see Trees.

The Gothic cathedral is a blossoming in stone subdued by the insatiable demand of harmony in man. The mountain of granite blooms into an eternal flower, with the lightness and delicate finish, as well as the aerial proportions and perspective of vegetable beauty. 171

Emerson : Essays. Of History. Great edifices, like great mountains, are the work of ages. 172

Victor Hugo: Notre Dame. Bk. iii. Ch. 1. Architecture is a creation of the human intellect, adding to the stores of beauty in the world. 173 Thomas Starr King : The White Hills. Lake

Winnipiseogee. Architecture is the art which so disposes and adorns the edifices raised by man for whatsoever uses, that the sight of them contributes to his mental health, power, and pleasure.

174 Ruskin: The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Ch. 1.
Architecture is the work of nations.
175 Ruskin : The True and the Beautiful. Sculpture.

The architecture of a nation is great only when it is as universal and as established as its language, and when provincial differences of style are nothing more than so many dialects.

176 Ruskin: The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Ch. 7.

We may live without architecture, and worship without her, but we cannot remember without her.

177 Ruskin : The Seven Lamps of Architecture. Ch. 6.

When we build, let us think that we build (public edifices) for ever. Let it not be for the present delight, nor for present use alone, let it be such work as our descendants will thank us for; and let us think, as we lay stone on stone, that a time is to come when those stones will be held sacred because our hands have touched them, and that men will say as they look upon the labor and wrought substances of them, “See! this our fathers did for us. 178 Ruskin: The Seven Lamps of Architecture. The

Lamp of Memory.




The sight of such a building (St. Peter's ) is like a ceaseless, changeless melody. 179 Mme. de Staël : Corinne. Bk. iv. Ch. 3. (Isabel

Hill, Translator.) The rendering, architecture is frozen music, has come to us from the philosophy of Kunst; - since it is music in space, as it were frozen music. If architecture in general is frozen

music. (Schilling, Translator, pp. 576, 593.) ARGUMENT — see Oratory. Much might be said on both sides.

Addison : Spectator. No. 122. A knock-down argument: 'tis but a word and a blow. 181

Dryden : Amphitryon. Act i. Sc. 1. There is no good in arguing with the inevitable. 182 Lowell : Democracy. Address, Birmingham, Eng.,

Oct. 6, 1884. Whenever you argue with another wiser than yourself, in order that others may admire your wisdom, they will discover your ignorance. When one imagines a discourse better than yourself, although you may be fully informed, yet do not start objections. 183 Saadi: The Gulistan. Ch. 8. Rules for Conduct in

Life. No. 37. They are yet but ear-kissing arguments. 184

Shakespeare : King Lear. Act ii. Sc. 1. ARISTOCRACY.

Natural aristocracy is the eminence of men over their fellows in real mind and soul. 185 Henry W'ard Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. Those families, you know, are our upper-crust, not upper ten thousand. 186

Cooper : The Ways of the Hour. Ch. 6. I want you to see Peel, Stanley, Graham, Shiel, Russell, Macaulay, Old Joe, and so on. They are all upper-crust here. 187 Thomas C. Haliburton : Sam Slick in England.

Ch. 24. The aristocracy is the immediate power between tyranny and democracy. "It saves the people from violating the law, and the king from oppressing the people. If ever aristocracy be destroyed in England, the crown and the people will come into inevitable collision, and destroy each other. 188

B. R. Haydon : Table Talk. Aristocracy is always cruel. 189 Wendell Phillips : Speeches, Lectures, and Letters.

Toussaint L'Ouverture, December, 1861.

A social life which worships money, and pursues social distinction as its aim, is, in spirit and in fact, an aristocracy. 190 J. G. Holland : Plain Talks on Familiar Subjects.

II, Fashion. ARMY, The.

No man can be a great officer who is not infinitely patient of details, for an army is an aggregation of details, a defect in any one of which may destroy or impair the whole. It is a chain of innumerable links, but the whole chain is no stronger than its weakest link. 191

George S. Millard ; Life and Campaigns of George

ART - see Archæology, Architecture, Artists, Beauty,

Life, Literature, Nature, Painting, Perfection, Science, Sculptors, Sculpture.

The art which is grand and yet simple is that which presupposes the greatest elevation both in artist and in public. 192 Amiel : Journal, Dec. 9, 1877. (Mrs. Humphrey

Ward, Translator.) Art, unless quickened from above and from within, has in it nothing beyond itself which is visible beauty. 193

John Brown : Spare Hours. Notes on Art. Nature is not at variance with art, nor art with nature, they being both the servants of His providence. Art is the perfection of nature. Were the world now as it was the sixth day, there were yet a chaos. Nature hath made one world, and art another. In brief, all things are artificial, for nature is the art of God. 194

Sir Thomas Browne : Religio Medici. Pt. 16. Art can never give the rules that make an art. 195

Burke : The Sublime and Beautiful, 1756.

Pt. i. Sec. 19. No work of art can be great but as it deceives; to be otherwise, is the prerogative of nature only.

196 Birke : The Sublime and Beautiful. Pt. ii. Sec. 11.

If art be not the imitator of nature, it is still less the copyist of art. Its base is in the study of nature, — not to imitate, but first to select, and then to combine, from nature those materials into which the artist can breathe his own vivifying idea; and as the base of art is in the study of nature, so its polish and ornament must be sought by every artist in the study of those images which the artists before him have already selected, combined, and vivified; not, in such study, to reproduce a whole which represents another man's mind, and can no more be born again than can the man who created it; but again to select, to separate, to recombine, – to go through the same process in the contemplation of art which he employed in the contemplation of nature, profiting by all details, but grouping them anew by his own mode of generalization, and only availing himself of the minds of others for the purpose of rendering more full and complete the realization of that idea of truth or beauty which has its conception in his own mind. 197 Bulwer-Lytton : Caxtoniana. Essay xxiii. On Cer

tain Principles of Art in Works of Imagination. Art is a spiritual triumph. 198

William Ellery Channing : Note-Book. Art. Art is an absolute mistress; she will not be coquetted with or slighted; she requires the most entire self-devotion, and she repays with grand triumphs. 199 Charlotte Cushman : Charlotte Cushman (American

Actors Series). Ch. 10. The conscious utterance of thought by speech or action, to any end, is art. 200

Emerson : Society and Solitude. Art. The highest problem of every art is, by means of appearances, to produce the illusion of a loftier reality. 201

Goethe: Truth and Poetry. Bk. xi.

(Godwin, Translator.) The perfection of an art consists in the employment of a comprehensive system of laws, commensurate to every purpose within its scope, but concealed from the eye of the spectator; and in the production of effects that seem to flow forth spontaneously, as though uncontrolled by their influence, and which are equally excellent, whether regarded individually, or in reference to the proposed result.

202 J. M. Good : The Book of Nature. Series i. Lect. 9.

True art, which requires free and healthy faculties, is opposed to pedantry, which crushes the soul under a burden. 203 Hamerton : Thoughts about Art. XIV. The

Artistic Spirit. Art is the work of man under the guidance and inspiration of a mightier power. 204

J. C. and A. W. Hare: Guesses at Truth. Art is a reality, not a definition; inasmuch as it approaches a reality it approaches perfection, and inasmuch as it approaches a mere definition it is imperfect and untrue. 205

B. R. Haydon : Table Talk. Art must anchor in nature, or it is the sport of every breath of folly. 206 Hazlitt: Table Talk. Second Series. Pt. i. Essay

xviii. Madame Pasta and Mademoiselle Mars. Art is but the mirror of life. 207 Ileine : Wit, Wisdom, and Pathos. The Romantic


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