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youthful vigour of my wing enabled me to reach by the break of morning. Having refreshed myself with a break fait of fruit, after the exhaustion of my nocturnal flighty I ascended a spacious palm tree, which afforded an admirable view of the adjacent country, and a desirable shelter from the ardours of the rising sun. My first impulse was to take a bird's-eye view of the novel scene which lay before me, and t gazed around for some minutes with intense delight; but fatigue gradually obtained the mastery over curiosity, and, putting my head unconsciously beneath my wing, f fell into a profound sleep. How long this continued, 1 know not; but I was suddenly awakened by a strange muttering of unknown voices. I looked, and beheld two creatures whose appearance greatly surprised me. They had nothing of the noble form and aspect of our Indian neighbours. One of them considerably resembled the preacher-monkey in countenance and deportment; his head was denuded of hair, and his person was covered by a black substance, which left no limb visible except his ancles and feet, which were very much like those of an ape. The other had all the air of a gigantic parrot: he had a hooked bill, a sharp look, a yellow head; and all the rest ol his strange figure was partycoloured, blue, green, red, and black. I classed him at once as a specimen of the Psittacus Ochropterus. The ape and the parrot seemed to have taken shelter beneath the palm tree, like myself, for the purposes of shade and repose. They had beside them a basket filled with dead game, fruit, and honey; and the parrot had a long instrument near him on the ground, which I afterwards learned was a fowling-piece. They talked a strange jargon of dill'erent intonation, like that of the respective chatter of the grey and the green parrots. Both seemed to complain, and, by the expression of their ugly and roguish faces, to interrogate each other. As soon as they went away, I endeavoured to mutter to myself the sounds they had uttered, but could retain only two phrases. The one had been spoken by the ape, and ran thus—" Shure it was for my sweet sowl's sake, jewel j" the other was—"Eh, sirs, it was aw' for the love of the siller." I was extremely amused by my acquisition; and, being convinced that 1 was now qualified to present myself at the settlement, was about to descend from my altitude, when the two strangers returned: they had come back for the gun, which they had left behind them. As they picked it up, it went oil', and I

was startled into one of my loudest screams. The stranger* looked at me with great delight, he whom I likened to the parrot exclaiming—" Weel, mon, what brought you here?" I answered in his own words, for want of better— "Eh, sirs, it was aw' for the love of the siller." He dropped his piece, and fled in consternation, calling lustily—" Its auld clooty himsen, mon, its auld Horny, I tell ye; come awa, come awa." Hi* friend, who seemed mere acquainted with our species, encouraged him to return; and offering me some fruit from his basket, said—" Why, Poll, you cratur, what brought you so far from home?" I endeavoured to imitate his peculiar tone, and replied—" Why thin it was for my sweet sowl's sake, jewel."— "Why then,'' said my interlocutor, coolly (for I never forgot his words) "that bird bates cockfighling." They now both endeavoured to catch me. It was all I wanted, and I perched on the preaching-monkey's wrist, while he took up the basket in his left hand, and in this easy and commodious style of travelling, we proceeded. On approaching the settlement, a fierce dispute arose between the friends; of which, by each tearing me from the other, I was evidently the object; and I am quite sure that I should have been torn to pieces between them, but for the timely approach of a person who issued from a lofty and handsome edifice on the road side, attended by a train of preachermonkeys, of which he was the chief. He was quite a superior looking being to either of my first acquaintance, who cowered and shrunk beneath his eagle look. They seemed humbly to lay their cases before him; when, after looking contemptuously on both, he took me to.himself, caressed me, and giving me to an attendant, said—" This bird belongs to neither, it is the property of mother church:" and the property of mother church I remained for some years. Of my two friends of the palmtree, one, the preacher-monkey, turned out to be a poor Irish lay brother, of the. convent of which my new master (an Irishman too) was the superior. My yellow parrot was a Scotch adventurer, who came out to give lectures on poleetical economy to the Brazilians: and who, finding that they had no taste for moral science, had become a servant of all-work to the brotherhood. My dwelling was a missionary house of the Propaganda, established for the purpose of converting (i. e. burning) the poor Indians. The Superior, Father Flynn, had recently arrived from Lisbon with unlimited powers. He was clever, eloquent, witty, and humorous ; but panting for a bishopric in his native country, he was principally employed in theological writirtgs, which might bring him into notice and hasten his recall to Europe.

Next to the servant's hall of a great English family, the first place in the world for completing the education of a macaw of genius, is a convent. Its idleness and ennui render a monkey, or u parrot, a valuable resource; and between what I picked up, and what I was taught by the monks of ihe Propaganda, my acquirements soon became stupendous. Always following my kind master from the refectory to the church, assisting at mess or at mass, being near him in the seclusion of the oratory, and in the festivities, he frequently held with his more confidential friends; I had loaded my astonishing memory with scraps of theology and of fun. I could sing a French drinking song, taught me by the sub-prior Frere Jacques, and intonate a "Gloria in Excelsis" with a true nasal twang. I had actually learned the Creed in English;* and could call all the brothers by their name. I had even learned the Savoyard's dance from my friend Frere Jacques, and sung "<5ai Coco" at the same time, like Scaliger's parrot, from whose history Frere Jacques took the idea of teaching me. I did this, it must be acknowledged, with great awkwardness, turning in my toes, and often tumbling backWards in a clumsy and ludicrous way. But this amused my religious friends more than all the rest; for, like the great, they loved a ridicule as well as a talent; and, provided they were amused, were not nice as to the means. My fame soon began to spread on all sides, and the anecdotes told of the macaw of the Propaganda soon reached the circles of the Governor of the Brazils, who wrote to request the pleasure of my company for a few weeks at the palace. This was a compliment which he had never paid to the learned superior of the order, and my master was evidently hurt. He declined therefore the invitation for me, on the plea that he would soon visit Rio Janeiro nimself, when I should accompany him into the vice-regal presence.

This visit shortly took place, not for the object supposed by the community, Cwho parted with me, even for a short time, with great regret,) but for another purpose. The British ambassa* Rhodoginus mentions a parrot whicb could recite correctly the whole of tile Apostle's Creed." — Animal Biography, by the Rev. W. Biugley. ,

dor, Lord , who had recently arrived at Rio, was a countryman of Father Flynn's. He enjoyed eminent literary celebrity, was a delightful poet, and well acquainted with the Portuguese language. The superior had no doubt that his own literary and theological merits were equally known to his excellency, whom he visited with a view to negotiating a passage in the British man of war; for he had been called on a secret mission to Ireland, and wished to depart without notifying his intention to the subaltern of the Propaganda. I was not included in the muster-roll of this expedition; but anxious to lose no opportunity of seeing the world, and desirous of beholding the Governor, who had shown his taste and politeness by inviting me to his court, I contrived to nestle myself in the carriage without the superior's knowledge, and followed his steps to the very ante-room of the embassy. It was too late to send me back f for I was instantly seized by a company of pretty young animals, the very reverse in appearance of the preachermonkeys of the Propaganda; they all seemed to find in me a kindred soul; my master was ushered into the cabinet, and I was left with my new acquaintance, who were called "attaches," but whom I at ouce classed with the secretary-birds,• while here and there, I thought, was mingled among them a specimen of the booby, or Pelicanus Sula. Two of these mischievous creatures seemed to delight in tormextiug me from mere idleness and ennui, which I bore for some time with great patience, as I saw the boobies pay them much respect. One was called Lord Charles, and the other the Hon. Mr. Henry. I learned these names with facility, and contrived to repeat them, as they had been taught me, by the frequent iteration of one of the boobies.

* " The Dutch," says Le Vaillnnt, " grive (bis bird the name of Secretary, on account of the bunch of quills behind its head "— Bingley, Animal Biography.

(To be continued.) . .

STDe <Sail)erer.

A snapper up of unconsidered trifles.


We had formerly in the Tower of London, a straight room or dungeon, called, from the misery the unhappy occupiers of this very confined place endurtd, the Little-Ease. But this will appear a luxurious habitation, when compared with the inventions of Louis XL of France, with his iron cages, in whichpersons of rank lay for whole years ; or his oubliettes, dungeons made in the form of reversed cones, with concealed trapdoors, down which dropped the unhappy victims of the tyrant, brought there by Tristam L'Hermite, his companion and executioner in ordinary; sometimes their sides were plain, sometimes set with knives, or sharp - edged wheels; but in either cases they were complete oubliettes; the devoted were certain to fall into the land where all things are forgotten.—(Pennant's London.)

When the Bastille of France was demolished, three iron cages were discovered, they were made of strong bars of iron, about eight feet high and six. feet wide, and such have been used in other prisons in that country. The Bishop of Verdun, according to Mezeray, was the inventer, and was himself the first man confined in them, and remained a prisoner thus' for eleven years, so that he could speak practically as to his own invention.


The Duchess of Chevereux, who was for the first time at the court of England, in 1638, swam across the Thames, in a frolic, near Windsor. On this occasion some verses were composed by a Sir J. M. containing these lines :—

But her chaste breast, cold as the cloyster'cl nun.
Whose frost to cbrystal might congeal the sun,
So glar'd the, that pilots, there afloat,
Thought they might safely land without a boat;
July had seen tbe Thames in ice involv'd,
Had it not been by her own beams diasolv'd.


This observance of a birthday by prayer is not altogether incurious in these days of license; and the following specimen, quoted from the Diary of that truly good man, John Evelyn, may be entertained as the genuine efi'usion of piety, unmixed with any alloy of fanaticism, or religious enthusiasm :—

Oct. 31, 1689.—My birthday, being now 69 years old. Blessed Father who hast prolonged my years to this great age, and given me to see so great and wonderful revolutions, and preserved me amidst them to this moment, accept, I beseech thee, the continuance of my prayers and thankful acknowledgements, and grant me grace to be working out my salvation and redeeming the time, that thou mayest be glorified by me here, and my soul immortal saved, whenever thou shalt call for it to perpetuate thy praises to all eternity, in that heavenly kingdom where there are ho more changes or vicissitudes, but

rest and pence, and joy and consummate felicity for ever. Grant this, O Heavenly Father, for the sake of Jesu* thine only Son and our Saviour. Amen,


From a country so aire, in the 18<A century, to a gentleman in London, who had written to him concerning the character of a Servant. "Sir—Yours I receiv'd the 24th of this present instant, June, and, at your request, will give you an impartial account of my man, John Gray's character. He is a shoemaker, or cordwainer, which you please to call it, by trade, and now in our town; he is following the carding business for every one that wants him; he served his time at a town called Binstock, in Northamptonshire; and from thence the Great Addington journeyman, to this occupation, as before mentioned, and used to come to my house, and found, by riding my horses to water, that he rode a horse pretty well; which was not at all mistaken, for he rides a horse well: and he looks after a kennel of hounds very well, and finds it hare very well: he hath no judgement in hunting a pack of hounds now, though he rides well, he don't with discretion, for he don't know how to make the most of a horse; but a very harey-starey fellow: will ride over n church if in his way, though he may prevent a leap by having a gap within ten yards of htm ^ and if you are not in the field with himself, when you are hunting to tutor him about riding, he will kill all the horses you have in the stable in one month, for he hath killed downright, and lamed so that they will never be fit for use, no more than five horses since he has hunted my hounds, which is two years and upwards; he can talk no dog language to a hound; he hath no voice; speaks to a hound such as if his head were in a churn; nor neither does he know how to draw a hound when they are at a loss, no more than a child of seven years old. As to his honesty, I always found him honest till about a week ago. I sent my servant that I have now to fetch some sheep's feet from Mr. Stranjan, of Higham Ferrers, where Gray used to go for feet, and I always send my money by the man that brings the feet; and Stranjan told my man that I have now that I owed him money for feet; and when the man came home he told me, and-I went to Stranjan, and then I found the truth of the matter. Gray had kept the money in his hands, and had never paid Stranjan: he had along with me once- for a letter, in order for his character, fo give him one, but I told him I could not give him a good one, so I would not write at all. Gray is a very great drunkard, can't keep a penny in his pocket: a sad notorious lyar. If you send him upon a mile or two from Uphingham, he will get drunk, stay all duy, and never come home while the middle of the night, or such time as he knows bis muster is in bed. He can nor will not keep any secret; neither has he so much wit as other people, for the fellow is half a fool, for if you would have business done with expedition, if he once 'gets out of the town, or sight of you, shall see him no more, while the next1 morning he serves me so and so: you "rfnist expect the same if you hire him.' I use you just as I would be ustfd myself; it I desired a character of ybu of a servant, that I had design'd to hire-of lyours, as to let you know the trUtrrdf every thing about him.

"I'aHi,'str, your most humble servant to command. » f t t i .'. ,'

. "Great Addiisgton, June <i%, \TAk.

. "P. S. He 'takes good onro of his horses, with good looking after as to the dressing of them; but if you don't take care, he will fill the manger full of corn, so that he will clog the horses, and ruin the whole stable of horses."

Upon two religious disputant! who are interred within a few paces of each other.

Suspended here, a contest see,

Of two whose creeds cou'd ne'er agree,

For whether they would preach or pray,

They'd do it in a different way;

And they wou'd fain our fate deny'd,

In quite a different manner dy'd!

Yet think not that their rancour's o'er,

No! for 'tis ten to one, and more,

Tbo' quiet now as either lies,

But they've a wrangle when they rise.


lie St. Michael's churchyard, at Litchfield, an ancient .tombstone was lately .discovered, yhich. had been buried in the earth u-great number of years. Upon it are deeply cut the following inscriptions :— • , . , . Here lyes the Body ; . of William Clarke, 5 - vwho wns Clarke of this Church 51 years, and buried i March 25th, 1525, aged 96. i * Here lyes the Body '"' • of William Clarke,

Clarke of this Ghurch 71 years, who died Septem. 26,

1582, and aged 86. . . •

The father lived in the reigns of six different kings, viz. Henry the Sixth, Edwards the Fourth and Fifth, Richard the Third, and Henry the Seventh and Eighth. The son in seven reigns, viz. from Edward the Fourth to Mary the First.

Morning Chronicle, October 8, 1822.

i "'LINES' . v* t' Written by a ragged Irishman,a passenger on board a vessel with the Archbishop of Tuam. ''

If each man had his suum,
. You would not have Tuam,
But I should jret meum,
And sing a TeDeum. G. K.

i -' . . ,MTVe I The following verses were composed by John Barbour, a poet and divine, who was born at Aberdeen in l&JO. They afford a specimen of the poetry in his timeiifc. . . '. » ~'

"This was in midit of month of May, When birdis sing on ilka spray, Melland ■ their notes, with seemly soun,

For softness of the sweet seasoun. "And leavis, of the branchis spreeds, 'And blomis bright, beside them, breeds ,' ' '' And .Fieldisstrnwed are with flow'rs Well savouring of seir t colours J And all things wor this, blyth, and

gay." P. T. W.

* Mingling. t tattr.


This Day is published, price St. ARCANA of SCIENCE, and ANNUAL RE,

OISTER of the USEFUL ARTS for 1831.

"Tub is the fourth annual volume of a most useful compilation of the various discoveries in science or iuveutions of artduriug the preceding year. The volume commences, very properly. Willi an abridgment of what may he termed the greatest work of art whicli has distinguished the

Sresent century—the Liverpool and Manchester .ailway. Various other improvements in the different departments ofthe arts which have appeared in the several scientific jouruats nftna last year, are here prrsented in a condensed form, so as to render the volume, in real.ty, an excellent book of reference. The object of tho editor seems to have been that-of .blending entertainment with valitab|e Information, Uie work being illustrated by many beat engravings relating lo the popular branches of science. The volume, therefore, contains a very interesting buasuon dium of information for young people."—Acw 'Monthly Magazine

«?rnited for John Limbiku, 143. Strand;—of svboia may be had I be Volumes for the three preceding, years.

Printed and Published by J. L1S1BIH b, 143, Strdtiof. fnear Somerset House,) London; Sutd by VRNJiST fLEISCHUR, o2li. Nrnt Market, Leipiic; O. O. UEXNIS, 65, line Nenve, St Augttstln, Paris, and by uii Acuumck and Uookxeiteee. ''•' • y . I..

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All who enjoy the luxury of doing good subsequently attended its progress. It (and who does not, in some way or is supported by Voluntary Contributions, other ?) will be happy to learn that the The resources are considerable in proabove is the elevation of the new St. perly, and have been greatly enriched George's Hospital, at Hyde Park Corner, by legacies. Indeed, the legacies which It is already a splendid monument of fell to the Hospital during last year, exBritish benevolence; but is only a por- ceeded 11,000/.

tion of the original plan, which is to The building of the new Hospital, in

complete another front towards Hyde the Engraving, was first proposed at a

Park ; this will extend even further than meeting held in the year 1827, at which

the old hospitul. the open-hearted Duke of York was

St. George's Hospital, we learn from chairman ; and at a subsequent meeting, a printed "Account," " was set on foot the Archbishop of Canterbury presided, soon after Michaelmas, 1733, by some A "Building Fund'' was raised, to gentlemen who were before concerned which the late King munificently contriIB a charity of the like kind, in the lower buted ,61,000. This Fund is entirely paft of Westminster. They judged this separate from the General Fund" of the house convenient for their purpose, on Hospital: "the sums already subaccount of its air, situation, and near- scribed"says the Report of 1830, "have ness to town; procured a lease of it, been expended in erecting a part of the and opened a subscription for carrying building which is now occupied by 140 on the charity here. The subscriptions patients, and the public are earnestly increased so fast, that on the nineteenth requested to keep in view the importance of October they were formed into a re- of continuing their benevolent contribugular society, and actually began to re- tions, until the great object of re-buildceive patients on the first of January ing the entire Hospital has been effected, followmg." The Establishment was, It is well known that the closeness of the therefore, prosperous at its commence- wards in the old building has long been ment, and the same good fortune has a subject of the deepest regret to the

Vol, Xvii. Y 489

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