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must now understand the possessive case of nouns. One noun is possessed by another. Thus, Henry's book. Manıma's basket. It means Henry his book. Mamma her basket; and the apostrophe and s are used instead of his and her.


When two nouns look in other's face,
The first is called possessive case-
Thus Jessie's purse is done.
The purse is nominative to is,
And Jessie's the possessive case,
Now that's an easy one.

Two nouns or pronouns close together —
Tom's sister Jane, or George's brother,
Look at this curb and s.
Tom's the possessive case, you see
That comma or apostrophe
Is put instead of his.

John's map, or your's, or James's roll,
And little Henrietta's doll,
And baby's cradle too.
You understand possessive case,
Nothing could plainer be than this:
Now here's some work for you.

Make Nouns or Pronouns in the Possessive Case in

these spaces.



desk is lined with velvet. I have finished I find our



instructive. Lend me your book, I have lost Whose house is this? It is

Is it mine or

These gloves are neither yours nor mine, they are Your cloak is not so pretty as

These ladies took my fan. May I have ?

thumble fits me nicely. hat is too small. than hen's eggs.

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eggs are nicer

Find out the errors in the following phrases :

That is mammas bonnet. The new umbrella is Johns. Papas cloak fits James. Where are Mr. Edmonds sermons to be had ? Dr. Kings lectures are beautiful. Mr. Cairds preaching is much admired.


An adverb is a word close, or added to a verb, to an adjective, or to another adverb, to make them more expressive.


A verb tells what the beings do,
An adverb shows when, where, and how
The thing was done, my

Thus, "John walks quickly_that tells how.
When does he walk? He walks just now.
Where does he walk? Not here.

Well, here I go up-once, twice, thrice,
Come down again—take my advice;
I'm quite sure you'll fall backward,
Now since you listen not to me,
You'll break your legs accordingly,
And then you'll find it awkward.


Answering to how. Cheerfully-gratefully-gladly-sadly-sorrowfully -pleasantly-plentifully-sprightly-well—quicklyslothfully-lovely.

Answering to when. Lately_early—at first

seldom ever—too soon—after a time-when asleep-after to





Answering to where. Up stairs—here—there—anywhere--alone — ashore - far off-at hand-yonder--thither-everywhere behind backs.


I am

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queen is

Insert Adverbs to the following Verbs:I look

for the queen. I dream asleep. Jane

stays from church. John goes with her. I love James

Robert sings Jane sews


Papa rides dinner, Our cook rises


be. loved. Jack walks The ship rolls

You awake me

The doors have been painted. The painter finished the cornices

Not Mr. M. teaches me

I prepare my lessons

You may come He rides

Where is William's ? When do you dream ?


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I will go

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Where are you

Adverbs are often joined to other adverbs, and put before adjectives, to make their quality more apparent.

James is good. Not only good, but extremely good. James is extremely good, and very diligent.

'Tis put before the adjective,
Perhaps lest you should not believe
That “ Henrietta's good.”
Ah! is she good ? (now say instead)
She's very very good, indeed,
And you'll be understood.


Adverbs before the Adjective. Very happy-extremely glad-exceedingly chasteremarkably honest-wonderfully particular-shamefully careless - singularly successful - disgustingly greedy-charmingly attractive-attractively engaging - bewitchingly fascinating.

Two Adverbs with an Adjective. Most astonishingly fortunate. Very very dear. Most dreadfully nauseous. More rigidly exact.

Two Adverbs with one Verb. - Very elegantly dressed. Most gorgeously caparisoned. Most sumptuously supplied. Very abundantly advertised. Most profusely liberal.

EXERCISE. Fill up spaces with Adverbs preceding Adjectives.

Water is useful. Pride is unbecoming. It is blessed to give than to receive. She is good, and

amiable. The British dominions are extensive. What can be - becoming than humility? Persevere once is - praiseworthy. Rhubarb is bitter. Some merchants are fortunate; while others are unsuccessful. The rules of our school are exact. Your donation was handsome. I wish a

embroidered cloak. I admire an handsome bronze tea-urn; but I should be quite pleased with an teapot.

plain silver

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