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The Christian religion wants no help and prop for belief; and he who wants any help or prop, in addition to the internal evidences of its truth for his belief, never was and never will be a Christian. 746

B. R. Haydon : Table Talk. A Christian who does nothing is not only undeveloped as a man of power, but he absolutely knows nothing. 747 Timothy Titcomb (J. G. Holland): Gold-Foil.

XXV. Receiring and Doing. Whatever makes men good Christians makes them good citizens. 748 Daniel Webster : Discourse, Plymouth, Dec. 22,

1820. First Settlement of New England. A Christian runs greater hazard from commendation than from an unjust calumny.

749 Thoinas Wilson : Maxims of Piety and of Christianity.

CHURCH, The — see Devil, The, Religion.

Churches should be schools of friendship.
750 Henry Ward Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. The Church.
It is the office of the church to teach, not to train.
751 Henry Ward Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. I recognize in the church an institution thoroughly, sincerely catholic, adapted to all climes and to all ages.

752 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Sybil. Bk. ii. Ch. 12.
A church is God between four walls.
753 Victor Hugo: Ninety-Three. Pt. ii. Bk. iii. Ch. 2.

(Benedict, Translator.) CIRCUMSTANCES.

Launched upon the ocean of life, like an innumerable fleet, each man may spread what sails God has given him, whether he be pinnace, sloop, brig, bark, ship, or man-of-war; and no commodore or admiral may signal what voyage he shall make or what canvas he shall carry. 754

Henry Ward Beecher : Life Thoughts. Circumstances are beyond the control of man; but his conduct is in his own power. 755 Disraeli ( Earl of Beaconsfield): Contarini Fleming.

Pt. vii. Ch. 2. Man is not the creature of circumstances, circumstances are the creatures of men. We are free agents, and man is more powerful than matter. 756 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Vivian Grey.

Bk. vi. Ch. 7.

758

The necessity of circumstances proves friends and detects enemies.

757 Epictetus: Fragments. CLIV. (Long, Trans.)

Men think to mend their condition by a change of circumstances. They might as well hope to escape their shadows. Froude: Thomas Carlyle, First Forty Years.

Vol. i. Ch. 20. Circumstances alter cases. 759 Thomas C. Haliburton (Sam Slick): The Old

Judge. Ch. 15. Accidents rule men, not men accidents. 760 Herodotus : Bk. iv. Polymnia. Sec. 49. (Cary,

Translator.) Circumstances are things round about ; we are in them, not under them. 761 Landor : Imaginary Conversations. Samuel Johnson

and John Horne (Tooke). Great and small have the same accidents and the same vexations and the same passions; but one is at the circumference of the wheel, and the other near the centre, and thus less agitated by the same movements. 762 Pascal: Thoughts. Ch. viii. Sec. 16. (Wight,

Translator. Louandre edition.) That depends upon the circumstances. 763 Sheridan: The School for Scandal. Act iii. Sc. 1.

Conditions are pleasant or grievous to us according to our sensibilities. 764

Lew Wallace: Ben-Hur. Bk. vi. Ch. 2.

CITIES.

If cities were built by the sound of music, then some edifices would appear to be constructed by grave, solemn tones; others to have danced forth to light, fantastic airs.

765 Hawthorne : American Note-Books, Jan. 4, 1839.

CITIZENS.

Many-headed multitude.
766

Shakespeare: Coriolanus, Act ii. Sc. 3. CIVILIZATION — see Imagination, Liberty, Obedience,

Religion, Sunday, Woman.
Civilization degrade(s) the many to exalt the few.
767 A. Bronson Alcott : Table Talk, III. Pursuits. Callings.
Civilization is first and foremost a moral thing.
768 Amiel : Journal, Oct. 26, 1870. (Mrs. IIumphrey

Ward, Translator.)

Civilization means the recession of passional and material life, and the development of social and moral life. 769 Henry Ward Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. . Wealth may not produce civilization, but civilization produces money 770 "Henry Ward Beecher : Prorerbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. Increased means and increased leisure are the two civilizers of man. 771 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Speech, Man

chester, April 3, 1872. Every prison is the exclamation point and every asylum is the question mark in the sentences of civilization.

772 Samuel Willoughby Duffield : Essay. Righteousness. What is civilization ? I answer, the power of good women. 773

Emerson : Miscellanies. Woman. The ultimate tendency of civilization is towards barbarism. 774

J. C. and A. W. Hare: Guesses at Truth. Civilization is simply a series of victories over nature. 775 Moses Harvey: Where Are We and Whither Tending?

Lect. i. A decent provision for the poor is the true test of civilization. 776

Johnson : Boswell's Life of Johnson. II. 130.

(George Birkbeck Hill, Editor, 1887.) Civilization obeys the same law as the ocean; it has its ebb and its flow, and where it advances on one shore it recedes on the other. 777 Lord Lytton : Speeches. XIV. Leeds Mechanics'

Institution, Jan. 25, 1854. Civilization dwarfs political machinery. 778 Wendell Phillips : Speeches, Lectures, and Letters.

Lincoln's Election, Nov. 7, 1860. CLEANLINESS

Cleanness of body was ever esteemed to proceed from a due reverence to God. 779

Bacon : Advancement of Learning. Bk. ii. Although it is humiliating to confess, yet I do confess, that cleanliness and order are not matters of instinct; they are matters of education, and like most great things, mathematics and classics, you must cultivate a taste for them. 780 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Speech, Aylesbury,

Sept. 21, 1865. Royal and Central Bucks Agri. cultural Association.

[graphic]

Slovenliness is no part of religion; neither this (1 Pet. iii. 3, 4], nor any text of Scripture, condemns neatness of apparel. Certainly this is a duty, not a sin; “ cleanliness is, indeed, next to godliness." 781

John Wesley : Sermons. On Dress.

nothing.

CLEVERNESS.

Cleverness is serviceable for everything, sufficient for 782 Amiel : Journal, Feb. 16, 1868. (Mrs. Humphrey

Ward, Translator.) CLOUDS.

They come to the dullest and dreariest of scenes like the splendid cortége of an Oriental sovereign who traverses some miserable village. 783 Hamerton : Landscape. Ch. 38. The Two

Immensities. When scattered clouds are resting on the bosoms of bills, it seems as if one might climb into the heavenly region, earth being so intermixed with sky, and gradually transformed into it.

784 Hawthorne: American Note-Books, Jan. 4, 1839.

Nature is always kind enough to give even her clouds a humorous lining. 785

Lowell : My Study Windows. Thoreau.

787

COLOR – see Dawn, Nature.

Colors are the smiles of Nature. When they are extremely smiling, and break forth into other beauty besides, they are her laughs, as in the flowers. 786

Leigh Hunt: The Seer. Color. Colors find homes of color.

Leigh Hunt : The Seer. Color. All good color is in some degree pensive ; the loveliest is melancholy, and the purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most.

788 Ruskin : Stones of Venice. The Sea Stories. Ch. 5.

Of all God's gifts to the sight of man, color is the holiest, the most divine, the most soleinn.

789 Ruskin : Stones of Venice. The Sea Stories. Ch. 5.

COMFORT — see Sympathy.

God alone can properly bind up a bleeding heart.
790 Joseph Roux : Meditations of a Parish Priest. Love,

Friendship, Friends. XXVIII. (Hapgood, Trans.)
Comfort is tedious when it lasts too long.
791

Elizabeth Stoddard : Two Men. Ch. 22. Comfort is the god of this world, but comfort it will never obtain by making it an object. 792 E, P. Whipple : Literature and Life. Intellectual

Health and Disease.
COMMERCE.

God is making commerce his missionary.
793 Joseph Cook : Boston Monday Lectures. Conscience.

Matthew Arnold's Views on Conscience. Commerce changes entirely the fate and genius of nations, by communicating arts and opinions, circulating money, and introducing materials of luxury : she first opens and polishes the mind, then corrupts and enervates both that and the body. 704 Thomas Gray: The Alliance of Education and Gor

ernment. (Edmund Gosse, Editor.) COMMON SENSE.

Common sense is the measure of the possible: it is composed of experience and prevision: it is calculation applied to life. 795 Amiel : Journal, Nov. 12, 1852. (Mrs. Humphrey

Ward, Translator.) Fine sense and exalted sense are not half so useful as common sense.

796 Alexander Pope : Thoughts on Various Subjects. COMMUNISM.

Communism is the exploitation of the strong by the weak. In communism, inequality springs from placing mediocrity on a level with excellence. This damaging equation is repellent to the conscience, and causes merit to complain. 797

P. J. Proudhon : First Memoir on Property. The Alpha and Omega of socialism is the transmutation of private competing capital into united collective capital. 798

Scheffle : Quintessence of Socialism. COMPANIONSHIP — see Culture, Reading, Solitude.

Men who know the same things are not long the best company for each other.

799 Emerson: Representative Men. Uses of Great Men.

The beams of joy are made hotter by reflection when related to another; and otherwise gladness itself must grieve for want of one to express itself to 800 Thomas Fuller: The Holy and Profane States. The

Holy State. Of Company. The heart is always hungry. No man lives happily alone. The wisest and the best is wiser and better for the friends he has. 801 Roswell D. Hitchcock : Eternal Atonement. XIV.

Receiving and Giving.

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