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SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION IN GREAT BRITAN: Universities and Colleges in Scotland, Ireland, and England. Republished from Barnard's American Journal of Educution. New Edition. 656 pages. 1878. Price, $3.00. PART I. UNIVERSITIES OF SCOTLAND—St. Andrews; Glasgow; Aberdeen;

Edinburgh-64 pages : 50 cents. Part II. UNIVERSITIES OF IRELAND—Dublin, and Trinity College; Queens

Colleges and University ; Catholic University-64 p. : 50 cents. Part III UNIVERSITIES or ExGLAND-Oxford (144 pages: $1.00); Cam.

bridge; Durham; London—436 pages: $2.50.

CONTENTS.

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681

INTRODUCTION ........
THE BRITIsa Isles-Earlier forms of Higher Instruction..

1. UNIVERSITIES OF SCOTLAND.
I SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION IN SCOTLAND
INTRODUCTION

Residence Abroad for Educational Purposes
Balliol College in Oxford Scotch College in Paris in 128?
Dates of Foundation of Existing Universities......
Historical Development. ...

1. Papal Bull of Benedict XIII., 1413, and University of St. Andrews....
2. Papal Bull of Pope Nicholas V., and University of Glasgow
3. King's College, Aberdeen, and Marischal College and University..
4. John Knor's Plan of Education Reform in 1560 .......

Plan of Parish and Burgh Schools-District Colleges Inspection
Plan of Reformation of the Uuiversities -Co-laborers..

Church Property absorbed by the Nobles-Their Opposition.......
5. Parliamentary Commission of 1695....

Bajans-Semis Bachelors, Magistrands-Four Rezents

Arrangements of Studies, I'utors Professors-Philosophy.

6. Royal Commission of 1826 and 1830— Act of 1853 ......
PECULIARITIES OF Scotch UNIVERSITIES COMPARED WITH Exolish,
1. Preparatory Schools and their Teachers

Parochial School and Schoolmaster....
Number of University Graduates--Social Position.

Deficiency in Rudimentary Classical Training.
2. College and Domestic Life.........

Students at Glasgow-Undergraduates at Oxford.
Absence of Collegiate Residence and Social Life.

College Life in England-Chapel-Lectures-Hall
3. Rectorships--Representation of Students Interests..
Illustrations-Campbell's Incumbency at Glasgow...

Election over Canning-Reception of Rector Magnificus..

Re-election for Third 'Term......
1. UNIVERSITY OF ST. ANDREWS
Historical Developmeut.....

Bishop Wardlow-Original Model
University and the Town
Faculties-- The Dean-Branches Taught
Colleges of St. Salvator and St. Leonardo..
Motive-Defense and Increase of the Catholic Faith.
Provision of Income
Class and Regent --Studies---Length of Course ...
Example of Studies in 1550 followed by William Cullnce...
Determinantes-Mode of granting Degrees....
Expense-Donation of a noble-Potentiones, Potentes and Pauperes
Mode of teaching Theology prior to Reformation.......

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695

682

Pack
System of Lectures-First Book of Dircipline
Plan of Reorganization in 1563 and 1576....

695 College of St. Salvator- The Four Regents..

698 St. Mary's or New College, and other Colleges Constitution and Condition in 1876 ......

701 Faculties-Officers University Court..

701 Laws and Regulations of the Colleges.

702 11. UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW .......

705 Historical Development, 1450-1580...

705 List of Books for the use of Regents, 1475...

706 Principalship of Andrew Melville, 1574-1580

706 Study of Greek-Ramus' Logic-Oriental Languages.

708 New Building and Professorships..

709 Constitution and Condition in 1876..

710 III. UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN..

719 Historical Development..

719 Trinity or King's College-Marischal College..

719 Union of Colleges into a University.

720 Orgunization and Condition in 1876..

720 IV. UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGII.

721-736 Historical Development..

721 Founded by Bishop Reid-Charter of James VI.—Town Council

721 Constitution and Condition in 1857........

721 University and College synonymous-Institution National..

721 Entrance Examination-Matriculation for Lectures,...

721 Faculty of Arts--Membership--Entrance Examination

721 Advanced Age of many Students-Tutorial System

683 Mode of Conducting Examinations-Degrees

683 Classes-Latin-Greek-Mathematics-Logic-Philosophy. Organization under Universities Act of 1858....

724 Corporation-Government-Officers--Chancellor-Rector ..

724 University Court-Powers-Members-Constitution--Member of Parliament...... 724 General Council-Curators-Principal-Professors, Senators.

725 Faculties—Arts-Theology-Law-Medicine to Professors.......

726 Assistants—Aids and Rewards-Bursaries-Prizes-Fellows-Salaries.

728 Annual Expenses and Sources of Revenue.....

729 V. PROFESSIONAL AND SPECIAL SCHOOLS.......

730-736 1. Chair of Education in 1876.......

730 History-Principles-Methods... 2. Science at Edinburgh-Engineering-Agriculture-Manufactures.

731 Andersonian University at Glasgow...

734 Watt Institution and School of Arts..

734 vi. PRESENT ORGANIZATION OF THE UNIVERSITIES-OFFICERS-PROFESSORS 689

II. UNIVERSITIES OF IRELAND. IlistORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION

737 University Projected in 1311–Archbishop Leach...

738 Efforts in 1358, 1364, 1465, 1496, 15C8, 1589...

739 I. TRINITY COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN..

739 Charter of Trinity Coellge, March 13, 1591.

741 First Commencement-Exercises-Ceremonies, 1616.

743 Restrictions in favor of Protestant scholars..... Various efforts at Reform and Extension Irish Students abroad-College at Salamanca.

744 Condition under James I.

745 Statutes of 1637_Fellowship-Provost.

746 Cromwell—Samuel Winter-Jeremy Taylor

747 Trinity Hall and the College of Physicians

748 Charles I.—King's College in 1662.....

749 James II. -Restoration and Deprivation....

750

.... 730

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751

751 751 752 754 755

755

Botanic Garden Richard Baldwin-Library.....
Professorships of Natural Philosophy, 1724...
Lectureship of Divinity-Fagal Library-Erasmus Smith,
Professorship-Oratory--Mathematics-History
Swin-Goldsmith-Berkeley-Burke,Debating Society-Historical Society..
Professorships, Anatomy-Chernistry-Botuny.......
Observatory-Removal of Catholic Disabilities.....

New Fellowships—Royal Commission of Inquiry 1851.....
UNIVERSITY or Dublin-Organization and Constitution in 1875.,

University Officers—Professors-Government....
Provost and Senior Fellows-Caput Senatus.....

Terms—Commencement–Degrees
TRINITY COLLEGE
Members—Provost—Fellows-Noblemen-Commoners, ....

Doctors-Bachelors-Scholars-Pensioners-Sızars.
Undergraduates—Freshmen, Junior, Senior-Sophisters...,
College Charges-Professional Schools Rewards and Prizes...,

Fellowship-Scholarships Studentships—Prizes.........
MR. GLADSTONE's Plan or UNIVERSITY EDUCATION FOR IRELAND..

Speech in House of Commons March, 1873.
Relations of Trinity College and University of Dublin.
Principles of Professed University Reform......
Based on Parliamentary Legislation in respect to Oxford
Incorporation of the University-University Council.....
Affiliation of Trinity and other Colleges.....

Defeat of the Bill-Mr. Faucett's Resolution..
SCIENCE AND THE ARTS...
II. QUEEN'S COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITY
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT......

Aim at Unsectarian Higher Education.....
Plan of Sir Robert Peel in 1844......
Establishment of three Colleges-Grant of £100,000
Annual Grant of £21,000_Colleges Opened in 1850.

Grants for Libraries-Scholarships—Prizes.....
UNIVERSITY INSTITUTED-Organization in 1857...

Studies, By-laws, and Regulations...
Objections Considered— Religious Opinions Protected..
Results of the System-Report of Commission in 1861
Mr. Gladstone's Opinion and Proposition in 1873...

First Blow struck at the Queen's Colleges by Ultra Protestants.
1. THE COLLEGE AT BELFAST.......

Organization in 1874–Professors-Students.......
Arts Medicine—Engineering-Law-Political Economy

President Henry on United Secular Education.... 2. THE COLLEGE AT CORK.

Collegiate Staff in 1874-Students--Scholarships,

Scholarships, Exhibitions, and Prizes..... 3. THE COLLEGE AT GALWAY....

Organization-Professorships--Students..

Mr. Gladstone-Harcourt-Fawcett. III. CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT........

Results of the Penal Legislation—Catholic Disabilities,
Professor Sullivan on Unirersity Education.....
Memorial of Bishops and Archbishops
Gradual Development of Catholic Schools.....

Demand for an Independent Catholic University,
ORGANIZATION OF THE UNIVERSITY..........

Government-Faculties-Students

757 757 757 758 759 759 759 760 761 763 763 763 763 764 765 766 767 768

769 773-792

773 773 773 774 775 775 776 776 778 779 783 784 785 785 786 788 789 789 789 790 790 790 793 793 793 793 795 794 795 798 799 PAGE. 801-816

801 802 803 804 805 806 806 806 806 807 209 810 81 812

.. 815

815

II. UNIVERSITIES OF ENGLAND.
I. INTRODUCTION..

Colleges in English University Organizntion..
Origin of Colleges within Universities.....

1. Experience in Paris-Navarre-Sorbonne
2. The College in Louvain-Pædagogia-Collegium Trilingue
3. Colleges (Burse) in Germany.

Influence of the Schism of Nominalists and Realists.

Establishment and Extension of Gymnasia....
4. Colleges in England-peculiar........

All Students collect into Community under some ono Regent...
Gradually absorb all Lodging houses, Halls, Hospitals...

University control passes to the Hebdomadal Meeting..
Domestic Side of University Life....

Colleges Continuations and Modifications of Religious Houses....
Corrections of the Evils of Lodgings—Provincial-Diocesan
Colleges the · Nations' formally Established and Endowed
Influence of College Membership on Social and Political Life...

1. THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, II. GENERAL VIEW OF ORGANIZATION AND HISTORY...

The University a Federation of Colleges
Earliest Colleges and Religious Houses,.

Frideswide Priory-Inns for Students in 740
Collegiate Church of St. George, and Oseney Abbey.
Augustinian Canons-Doing Austins.....
Benedictine Seminary for Gloucester Abbey-the Priory at Durham..
King's Hall of Brasinhuse-St. Mary's Church.
School Street-Precursors of existing Colleges..

Brusenose--Oriel-University

Christ Church-Trinity-Wadham...
Hostels or Licensed Lodging-houses—Early Statute.

Abuses growing out of large Congregations of Students-St. Scholastica's Day.

Temporary Remedy and Protection in Religious Houses ........
Mendicant Orders in England-Franciscans....

Roger Bacon-Educational Work and Views........
Foundation of Collegiate System in Merton College....
Walter de Merton and Merton College-Peculiarities of Statutes...
Development of Colleges-University-Balliol-Exeter-New College.

Oriel-Queen's, Magdalen-Christ Church-St. John's....

Study of Greek-Early Greek Scholars....
IN. UNIVERSITY STUDIES AND LIFE BY OXFORD GRADUATES

HUMPHREY PRIDEAUX-Christ CHURCH, 1668-1692...

University Life-Bishop or Winchester's Commissions...
Journey from London to Oxford—Student's Wayside Exploits..
Quarrel of two resident Fellows and Masters of Arts....
Dr. Good's Interferenco with the Ale House, 'Split Crow'.
Duchess of Cleveland-Nel Gwyn-Charles II......
Admiral Von Tromp beaten at his own Rations...

John Locke and his Expulsion from Christ Church.
THOMAS WARTON........

Progress of Discontent-Admission to Benefice, 1746..
RICHARD NEWTON-Hartford College, 1710-1753.

Expenses of University Education......
College Ale-Entertainments from Common Kitchen
Four Senior Fellows serve as Tutors in Succession
Revenue of Principal, Tutor Fellows, Junior Fellows
Anglers—Bedmakers-Prayers......

817-838

817 819 819 820 8:20 821 822 22 822 823 824 825

826

826 827 829 829 831 833

836 839-880

839 839 839 840 840

840

841 842 844 844 847 847 847 847 849 848

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...

...... 851

.... 870 ... 871

PAGE. Lectures-Disputations Theories-Declamations

......... 848 Translations-English Verse-Narration......

849 Six Solemn Lectures-Testamonium-Leave.....

849 Principal-Tutor-Chaplain-Catechist-Prulector

.......... 849 Application for Favor, Redress, &c., to be written in English..

850 Caution Money-Commons for All-Room Rent ...

850 Outgoing Tenant-Detriments ......

850 Discipline-Key to Gate given to Principal at 10 p.m. ....

850 Scholars-Porters-Butlers-Bedmakers

850 Coffee-houses-Cook-shops—Gladiators-Rope-dancers..

85] Oxford Ale-Merits sung by Warton..... ADAM SMITH-Balliol College, 1740-1747....

852 Strictures on University Education

853 EDWARD GIBBON-Magdalen College, 1752-1753

861 College Life in the University .

861 SHAIRP-Balliol College, 1841-43

865 Balliol Scholars-A Remembrance...

865 DR. PARR-SiR WILLIAM JONES-DR. LOWTH .......

869 Estimation of their University....... ROBERT Lowe-University College, 1829-1842..... Classical Education, tested by a new Measurement,

872 Mathematics excludes Estimation of Probabilities..

873 Excessive Study of Words—Latin Versification....

874 Too much of Ancient History and Geography....

876 Deficiencies of a Public School and University Man....

........ 878 Influence of Educational Endowments on Choice of Studies.....

880 IV. PRESENT CONSTITUTION AND CONDITION OF THE UNIVERSITY.

883-912 1, CORPORATE SYSTEM AND GOVERNMENT. ....

883 1. House of Congregation-Regents--Examiners-Degrees 2. House of Convocation-Corporate Action...

883 3. Congregation of the University-Legislation

881 4. Hebdomadal Council Members Official-Elected.

884 11. OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY .........

885 1. Chancellor, and Vice-Chancellor 2. Seneschallus or High Steward

885 3. Proctors-Election-Powers...

885 4. Burgesses, or Representatives in Parliament 5. Assessors-University Court

......... 885 6. Registrar-Admissions of Principals-Court.

885 7. Public Orator-Letters and Addresses .......

886 8. Masters of the Schools of Examination .....

886 9. Moderators, for First Public Examination

886 10. Public Examiners, for Second Examination

886 11. Keeper of Archives, Legal Counsel, &c., &c. 12. List of Officers, Professors, Colleges, Halls 1877

887 111. UNIVERSITY PROFESSORSHIPS, PROFESSORS, AND TEACHERS

887 1. Title and Date of the Foundation........

887 2. Income from University Funds...........

887 3. Income from College Funds

887 4. Total Income exclusive of Residence

887 iv. COLLEGE TUTORS, AND PRIVATE TUTORS ....

888 Modification of System of Instruction--Professors, Public Lectures.

888 v. UNIVERSITY INSTITUTIONS....

889 Bodleain Library-Radcliffe Library.. Clarendon Buildings-Sheldonian Theater

889 Ashmolean Museum-Taylor Institution.....

........... 889 University Galleries--Museum-Garden..

889 Arbofetum and Park-Observatory

................. 889 Sermons and Lectures

..., 883

.... 885

...... 885

... 886

.... 889

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889

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