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Haring retumed to the court of Alagaputra, and informed bin of the treat. my't they had received from Alliyarasany, of which their bald heads were suficient testimony, - Alagaputra determined to resent the insult, and there:' fore collected a numerous arnıy, resolving to capture Alliyarasany, and make ber subserrient to his daughter Paralusena. When Alliyarasany beard of the invasiou of her father's territories by king Alagaputra, she was not in the smallest degree intimidated, but with undaunted courage, assembled all hér faiher's forces, and placing herself at their bead, met the enemy in the field. After a severe contest she proved victorious, slew Alagaputra, dispersed' his troops, took possession of his country, and made Paralasena prisoner ;bůt afterwards, finding the latter a skilful politician, as well as an agreeable companion, she made a confidonte of her, and appointed her Prime ninister of state. After these events, Pandiyan resigned a part of his kingdom tồ Alliyurasany, who, uviting to it that which she had obtained by conquest, bacame the sovereign of a very extensive empire. Where she held her court is involved in doubt, but tradition fixes it at Koodremale (10). Her rere. nues were chiefly derived from the extensive pearl fisheries which were then carried on along the coast (11), as the Parauas (12), who were employed ið this service, were obliged to furnish her erery season with ten Rulams (13), of pearls, under pain of decapitation. To satisfy so large a demand for pearls, they were wont to rove about the different parts of the coust (proba.' biy, 10th here, and on the opposite side), and while thus roving, they were onë day met hy the king Arjuna, (14) who was then on a visit to the holy places in the south of India, acconspanied by his friend Asuatunia (15), Arjuna enquired of the Purawas the route to Madura, (16), but they met his question with so much surliness, (in consequence, of the ill success they had in search of pearl oysters) that he

to ask them the cause of their discontent. They then recounted to bim their occupation, and the eguanrdinary accomplishments, and personal charms of Alliyarasany, as well as the magnificence of her court. Arjuna was so much enchanted with tho account, that he determined to gain her heart, but conscious at the same time of the difficulties he would have to encounter, even to obtain a sight of so great a princess, he became quite distracted. Arjund wore á mystical ring on his finger, which had been given to him hy Vislinu (17,) and that god apprehending that he would lose it in his present disordered state, came down from the Vaikoonta (18) and assumin the disgnise of a female for: fune-teller, appeared before Arjuna, who bade him tell his fortune, Haring examined the lines on his palm, she told him that he was distined to gracó the bed of Alliyarasany,“who was to make a public exhibition on the morrou, on a swing (19). Overjoyed at this intelligence, be gave the ring to the female fortune-teller, who departed. Arjuna now being joined by hiss friend Aswatamá related what had passed, and the fortune-teller's prediction, it was in vain that the latter urged their departure, or attempted to divest

was led

the thoughts of Arjuna from their object---be was too much in love, eren to pass the interval with any degree of tranquiliv;-he was impatient for the hour of Alliyanasany's appearance, and when at lenyth it was announced, he disguised himself as a Brahman, and presented himself before her on the play-ground, oileri her at the same time a golden ball to play with; he was much disconcerted however to find that she received the latter with a look of great displeasure, and returned to her palace. Vexed at the illsụccess of his gallantry, Arjuna returned to a solitary arbor, to meditate on what had passed, until the next day, when learning that sliyarasany had gone on borseback to a neighbouring forest to huni, he followed ber thither, Alliyarasany seeing him approach, desired him to pick up the arrows which were shot, and when the sport was over, she (being much fatigued) alighied froin her horse, and bidding him spread a carpet for her, she seated herself on it. Arjuna having assumed a disguise, and acting up to it, stod at & respectful distance: she however, desired him to sing to her, which he did, but he was unfortunate in the subject of bis ditty, for it was of “Love;" she commanded him therefore with a sarcastic air, to keep out of her sighting and then returned home to her palace. Having on this occasion had nearer view of Alliyarasany, Arjuna was overwhelmed with love-and retiring once more to bis solitary arbor, fell on the ground, and bewailed the un. happy circumstance, wbich kept him from her; and his imagination pictured the delight he could experience, if he could only enjoy her society. While thus distressed, he was again joined by his friend Asvutama, who conjured him to consider, how the gods themselves had become involved in trouble, by their passions for the female sex; but Arjuna was deaf to all his enou treaties, and informed him that his resolution was unalterable, “that he would either gain the beart of Alliyarasany or perish in the attempt,". Aswatama now left him, and Arjuna pendered long on what course to adopt, in order to obtain admission to the palacı; he at last determined to draw the portrait of Alliyarasany, and to go with it in the disguise of an Aundy, or mendicant. (20.) He accordingly took the bark of the Punnei tree (21), drew her portrait from memory, and when completed, proceeded to the palace; he was at first refused admittance, but on assuring the porters that he ,sought only for alms, was allowed to proceed. Having advanced as far as the third gate, he there took bis seat, fixing bis eyes on the portrait he held before him. The maids of honor reported the circumstance to Pavalasana, who directed them to enquire of the Aaudy what he desired, but as be kept a strict silence, they mentioned it to Alliyarasany, whose answer was, that "if he did not quit the palace immediately, to cut off his head.” Pava. lasena however, remonstrated against this, observing, that he was a mendicant and perhaps Siva himself, who might hare come in that disguise, as ha þad before done, when the river l'aigai (22) overflowed, and thieatened des. tinction to the country. It was at length agreed upon as the best means of

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driving him away, to let loose some serpents, and elephants before him; this however had no effect, he remained immoveably fixed and took no notice of, or interest in 'what passed. Pavala sena therefore advanced towards him, and questioned him as to his object in visiting the palace; he however made no answer for a considerable time, but at length after repeated solici. tation he informed ber, that he had come to present Alliyarasany with some Vipooti or holy ashes and that as soon as she would come and receive them he would depart. Pavalasena immediately communicated this to Alliyarasany, who was prerailed on to comply with his desire—and he left the palace. It is said that the ashes were enchanted, and that as soon as the Aandy was gone, Alliyarasany was much disturbed, fell languid on the ground, and appeared in imminent danger. Pavalasena alarmed sent for all the phy. sicians in the city, in hopes of curing the distemper, but their art was in. effectual, since the cause was in her mind, and therefore no time was lost in reporting the circumstance to her father Pandiyan. On receipt of this intelligence, Pandiyan accompanied by his royal consort, immediately jour. Deyed to their daughter, and suspecting that Pavalasena must have done some thing to retaliate the death of her own father, upbraided her with treachery. Pavalasena protested her innocence, but to uo purpose; she therefore approached Alliyorasany, and conjured her to declare the cause of her distemper; upon

which sho told her father, that she was under the influence of love, and that it had come upon her since receiving the ashes. Pandiyan now resolved to dispose of her in marriage and according to custou, in the disposal of princesses (23) sent heralds through the country, to proclaim the beauty and accomplishments of Alliyarasany, and called together an assembly of king and princes, from whom she might personally select him she preferred. When the assembly was thus formed, Arjuna in his disguise was among them, and on Alliyarasany entering the Hall, her father desired her to wbirl her gold chain, and throw it on the neck of the individual !sho selected. Still labouring under the enchantment, Alliyarasany against both pride and will, threw the chain on the neck of the Aandy ; upon which the kings and princes, who were assembled proudly left the place, Alliyarasany now recovering from her delusion, and feeling the disgrace she had brought on herself, by becoming the wife of an Aaudy, fell op the ground, and attempted to destroy herself. Arjuna then discovered himself, she was restored to tran, quillity, and their nuptials were celebrated with great pomp.

Here the drama concludes, and the bistory of her latter years is left in obscurity. There is, however, a tradition, that as she was witnessing the feass of a rope dancer, some imprecations haviņg accidentally escaped her, the sca gwelled, and swept he and her whole capitol away together,


" tho

There are indeed


1. Nymphe Lotos. Lin.

E. supposed to be the Hippurus or 2. An account of Alliyarasany, un

Hipporus, mentioned by Pliny (lib, VI. der the title of Sittru-regni, is found cap. 22); the port to which a freedman in that section of Baradam entitled

of Annius PlOCAMUS (who farmed the Tertha-ya!ro Padalam ; bu! no allusion, the Emperor Claudius) wus unexpected

customs of the Red sea in the reign of bowever, is made there to this fahle. ly driven, after having been blowa She is merely represented as the daugh off the coast of Arabia in a violent ter of Sitrabahu Pandiyan, king of

tempest, and whose passage is said to Madura.

have been fifteen days. A very long 3. One of the three dynasties of standing tradition has fixed upon it as Tamil kings who continued to reign the site of the residence ot Alliyarasany, separately and at the same tiine 'over and Sir Alexander Johnston in a note three distinct kingdoms in the south appended to one of his communicaof India, from B. C. 1500, until they tions to the Royal Asiatic Society (Vide were overthrown by the Telugu sove- Transactions, vol. I. p. 545), mentions reigns of Vijayanagar in the period be- that in 1808, he found there tween A. D. 1490 and 1315.

remains of many very large buildings, 4. . Kanni, the same as Komari, the which were, however, not forthcoming Tamil name of Cape Comorin. The

when I visited the place in 1826. kingdom of the Pandiyas once extend

some ruins, but ed from Rameswaram on the east, to manymiles inland of Koodremale, and perCape Comorin on the south,

haps he, Sir Alexander alludes to them.

Of these ruins, the most remarkable 5. Siva, the supreme deity of the those found in a forest callsd Hindoos, though ranked the last in Oruchchaippoo Kalloo, about 5 miles Their triad.

east of the village of Kattankandel, at # 6. Parvati, the energy of Siva, per: road leading to Manaar. They con

considerable distance from the high sonified as his consort.

sist of a great number of granit? 7. Alagapulra, probably an usurper, pillars and pavements of bricks. There of whom, however, no mention occurs is also an inscription on a rock in in the history of the Pandiya kingdom. their neighbourhood, the characters of 8. Kurkhi, properly Kolkai. Profes. which bear a very close resemblance

to those on the pillar at Allahabad sor, Wilson says, that according to the Madura Purana, the residence of (vide Asiatic Researches. Vol. vii. Plats the Pandiya kings was for many ages

14.). In February, 1832, I procured at a place called Kurbhi, not improba- ed it to the late Ceylon Literary

a copy of this inscription, and forward. bly the Korkhi of the Periplus, a city Society, through Captain, Gaswynt, subject to the Pandya king, as the author observes, and, perhaps, as D'

even fayored with an ANVILLE notices, still to be traced in

acknowledgement. the appellation Kilkhar, or Kilakarai, on the Coromandel coast, opposite to is corroborated by the vast quantity of

11. The part of the pearl fishery Kameswaram.” Vide Journal of the Ro.

oyster shells which are found embed. yal Asiatic Society vol. III. p. 203,

ed in the sand along the sea shore, 9. This will remind the reader of from Pukolam w Kondatji. Vide Jourthe insult offered to the ambassadors of val of the Royal. Asiatic Society, Vol. David, by Hanun the king of the Am. iv. p. 132. monites, 2. Sam. $ 4, which insult, þow

12. This race of people are still ever, seems to have a peculiarity in it, viz. shaving the beard on one side of extant both in the Southern Carnatis, the face only. vide Cabinet Dictionary and the best divers are found among of the Bible. 10. Koodremalé (Horse's Mountain),

13. Kalam, a dry measure containa promontory on the N. W. coast of

ing 12 markals. Ceylon, lat. 8 32 N. long. 79955 14. Arjuna, one of the five Paren at Madura, the marriage of Arjuna remarked, in sojne respect, the marri.

but was


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davas, whose wars with the Kaurava differently related in the section of the Princes from the subject of the Maha Barudam, which I have quoted else, Bharat. It was after these wars that where, as the reader will find by the he set out ou his pilgrimage to the followin, abridgement of it, extracied holy places in the South of India. from Mr. Taylor's Oriental Historical

Manuscripts. 15. Aswatama, the son of the Brah. man Dronachari,

Arjmua having bathed in a river

ramed Calinga, and inspected the places 16. Madura, the capital of the Pan

around, set out with bis retinue on diyı Kings,

furtber progress.

Ho came to Tirupa. 17. Vishnu, the second person in thi, bathed in the tank, paid bowale the Hindu triad, who in his incarna- to the God, and wem to Kaslasiri ; tion as Krishna is said to have been thence he proceeded 10 Tartu vani (0 the Mentor of Arjuna, who was marri- miles W. N. W. of Nadras), thence in ed to his sister.

Candu, going thro' similar ceremonies, 18. Vaikoonta, the elysium of Vish

Froin Cauchi, proceeded to Chiuam. baram, and theuce to Srirangham.

Leaving the latter place, he visite se. 19. Playing on the swing was a veral temples oi' inferior nute, and then very favorite sport among the anci.

to Madura, He went to the ent Tamil princesses. There are king's great council in bis ordinary several kinds of swings, but the one

habiliments of a personage doing pe. generally in vogue is called Ratna nance and was received with great Oosel, or Oonjal, and consists of a honors und distinction. The king wheel with seats upon which the per- named Sittera-bagliu Pandion, (und sons sitting are turned.

sometimes called Sitteraviriya l’anuion) 20. Aandy, a sort of begging friar appointed his abode in the royal gar:

deu, wbere the hing's davgbier named among the Hindoos, who belongs to the Saiva sect.

Sittera-regai, accidentaily seeing him,

becaine enamoured of him, as Arjuna 21. Catofiryllum longifolium. Rot. bad beforu been by the sight of the The bark of this tree seems to have lady, himself then unseen. The result been formerly used as a substitute was, a report to the king of his for paper like the Egyptian Pupyrus. daughter's being ill, made by her at22. Vaigai, a river of note, which temants, with the addition, that a mar. It is related in the

riage with waters Madura.

the stranger would alone effect

The king received this Tiruvilaiyadel Puranam, that once up; communication with on a time when this river overflowd huving nu sun; and first made ofiers

great pleasure, its banks, in consequence of the impre.

on the subject to Arjuna, by when cations and ibe rage of Manika Vasa. gar, the God Siva appeared in the they were acceded to, and ihe war. guise of a pond digger, and volun.

riage was duly solemnized. The King's teered his services to

daughter bore a son, who it was

the king in throwing up a dain to prevent the agreed to naine Pipravacou and it was flood from extending to bis capitol.

this prince, who afterwards attacked

Arjuna's horse and fought with that 23. This species of marriage is call. hero hiruseli." ed in Tamil “ Saimuram," from the Sanscrit “ Swayamurah," on her own

Mr Taylor meations, that in the choice. It resembles, as Mr. Ellis has Choultry, built by Primala Naicker

with the daughter of Pandiyan is sculpage assemblies, which were held at

tured in full relief on one of the pil. stated periods by the Samirites. Vide Ellis's Corsinentary on the Cural, chap. lars out of one block of granite, and

nearly of the ordinary human sizeter vi, p. 166.

Vide Oriental Historical M. S. S. Vol. It should be renarked here, that the

1. p. 122. account of Alliyurasany's marriage is


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