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they had been an object of purchase, and cluded, as the lawyers say, in both ways: on public money the proper sort of money to be the one hand, not having ventured to propose employed in the purchase, no small quantity any correspondent addition, or any addition of such money would, in that case, have been at all, to be made to the mass of emolument necessary.

openly and constantly attached to the office, In the way of experiment - in the endea he is estopped from saying that any such extra vour to make this purchase, money, though expenditure was necessary; - on the other the man's own, and not public money, was, hand, having, in the case of the individual by in the duke's case, actually employed, and in whom that expenditure was made, concurred memorable and still-remembered abundance: in the vote and act* passed for filling up, at but how completely the experiment failed, is the public charge, the gaps made by that same at least as well remembered.

expenditure in the property of other indiviTo return to the deficiency of the sort in duals, he stands convicted by his own conquestion, supposed to have been, on the more fession of concurring in charging the public recent occasion, displayed in the same place. with a burthen, the necessity of which could This deficiency, then, — such as it was and not be so much as pretended. still is — parliament, in the case of Mr. Pitt, On this occasion, “

may we not venture to did not, so long as he lived, think fit to sup- ask,” whether this may not be in the number ply: at any rate, left unsupplied. What was of those cases, in which gentlemen, honourdone was — - the giving a mass of public able gentlemen, under the guidance of right money to the amount of £40,000 or there honourable, have, in the words of our right abouts -- among a set of people, names undis- honourable author, been “misled by mistaken closed, but said to be the deceased minister's ideas of virtue ? " (p. 77.) creditors. Friends remembered their friend Be this as it may, by this one operation, ships: enemies, now that the enemy was no which is so much to the taste of the right longer in their way, forgot their enmity: honourable gentleman-(not to speak of so friends and enemies vied in sentimentality many other right honourable, honourable, and vied in generosity — always at the public even pious gentlemen)-two distinguishable expense : and a justification, yea, and more lessons, may they not be seen given— two than a justification, was thus made, for the distinguishable lessons given to so many difcases of the still future-contingent widow offerent classes of persons, standing in so many Lord Grenville, and the then paulo-post Fu- different situations? One of these lessons, to TURE widow of Mr. Fox.

wit, to ministers; the other to any such perShould it here be asked why those trustees son or persons whose situation might enable of the people chose to saddle their principals them to form plans for fulfilling their duty to with the payment of debts, for which they themselves, by lending money to ministers. were not engaged, and the necessity of which To ministers an invitation was thus held they themselves could not take upon them- out, to expend upon themselves, in addition selves to pronounce, — my answer is that to whatever money is really necessary, as if anything in the shape of an efficient, final, much more as it may happen to them to be or historical cause will satisfy them, plenty disposed so to employ, of that which is not may be seen already: -- but if by the word necessary. why, anything like a justificative cause — a ra Thus far as to the quantum :- and as to tional cause -a good and sufficient reason - the mode, by borrowing money, or taking up be meant to be asked for, I for my part know goods of individuals, knowing themselves not of none. At the same time, for the support to have any adequate means of repayment, of the proposition that stands on my side and determining not to put themselves into of the argument it being the negative - the possession of any such means. viz. that for no such purpose as that of en To persons at large, an invitation was at couraging and inducing ministers to apply to the sametime held out to become intriyuers ; their own use the money of individuals, can it and, by seizing or making opportunities of ever be necessary that money raised by taxes throwing themselves in the way of a minister, should be employed — for the support of any to supply him with money, more than he proposition to this effect - -80 plain does the would be able to repay on demand, and having proposition seem to me, that neither can I see thus got him in a state of dependence, to obany demand for a support to it in the shape tain from bis distress -- always at the

expense of a reason, nor in truth should I know very of the public—good gifts in every imaginable well how to go about to find one. Not thus shape : -- peerages - baronetcies ribbons clear of all demand for support is the side lucrative offices contracts — assistance in taken by the right honourable gentleman. parliamentary jobs, --good things, in a word, By his vote and influence whatsoever on that of all sorts, for which, no money being paid occasion was done, having been supported and or parted with, neither the giver nor the reencouraged, on him, in point of consistency, the obligation is incumbent: he stands cona • 46 Geo. III. cap. 149, § 15. VOL. V.


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ceiver would run any the slightest risk of , within a certain circle, they are not altogebeing either punished, or in any other way ther unsusceptible of a certain degree of made responsible.

currency. Of the truth of this proposition, By a loan, though, for example, it were but the Mr. Pitt in question affords at least one of £5000, if properly timed — and that on instance. both occasions - first as to the time of the It proves indeed something more: for, in administering the supply, and then as to the so far as purposely forbearing to receive what time of pressing for repayment,—that, may it it is in a man's option to receive, is tantanot every now and then be done, which could mount to paying, – it proves that, in the not have been done by a gift of £10,000 ? | instance in question, the value of these comHow often have not seats, for example, been modities was equal to that of a very consiin this way obtained — and this even without derable sum of money: in round numbers, any such imputation as that of the sin, the worth £40,000 — at any rate, worth more venial sin, of parliamentary simony?

than £39,000. In virtue of the invitation thus given by Not that in the eyes of the hero, money the magnanimity and generosity of parlia had no value : for it had much too great a ment,- an invitation open at all times to the value: it possessed a value greater than the acceptance of persons to whom it may happen estimated value of common honesty and in-, to find themselves in the corresponding situ- dependence. ations — who is there that does not see, how He loved money, and by much too well : snugly the benefit of bribery may be reaped he loved it with the love of covetousness. on both sides, and to any amount, without Not that he hoarded it, or put it out to usury. any of the risk?

But there are two sorts of covetous men: A banker is made a lord. Why is a banker those who covet it to keep it, and those who to be made a lord? What is it that the covet it to spend it: the class he belonged banker ever did, that he is to be made a lord? to was this coveting-and-spending class. A merchant is made a lord. Why is a mer. Yes: -- that he did : Pitt the second did chant to be made a lord? What is it that the love money: and not his own money merely, merchant ever did, that he is to be made a but other people's likewise : loving it, he colord ?— These are among the questions which veted it; and coveting it, he obtained it. are in themselves as natural, as the answers, The debt which he contracted was true or untrue, might be unpleasant to some much money coveted, obtained, and expended, and dangerous to others.

for and in the purchase of such miscellaneous We have heard, many of us, of the once pleasures as happened to be suited to his celebrated Nabob of Arcot and his creditors: taste. The sinecure money which he might and the mode in which their respective debts have had and would not bave, was so much were to an as yet unfathomed extent, con money expended in the shape of insurance tracted: those debts, which, in so large a money on account of power : in the purchase proportion, and to so large an amount, just of that respect and reputation, which his pruand unjust together, in name the expiring dence represented as necessary to the preserCompany, and in effect the whole body of the vation of so valuable an article against storms people, have paid, or, spite of the best pos- and tempests from above. Sinecure money, sible discrimination, will have to pay. to any given amount, the hero could have

By the example set, and lesson held out, got for himself, with at least as much facility by the virtue of the right honourable gentle as for bis right honourable panegyrist ; but man, and his right honourable and honourable the respect and the reputation were defences, coadjutors, the policy of Arcot, was it not thus which in that situation could not be put to sanctioned and imported into Great Britain? hazard. Of the battles he had to fight with “Ministers, plunge your hands as deep as you the sort of dragons commonly called secret can into other people's pockets: intriguers, advisers, this bare hint is all that can be given supply profuse and needy ministers with by one who knows nothing of anybody or whatever they want, and make the most of anything : his right honourable Achates, by them: we will be your sureties; our care it whom he must (alas ! how oft !) have been shall be, that you shall not be losers.” seen in a tottering and almost sinking atti.

Against the opinions of so many great cha- tude, - more particulars could doubtless be racters such has been my temerity -over given, by a great many, than by a gentleman and over again bave I laboured to prove, I of his discretion it would.... (unless it were know not with what success, that money is in a posthumous diary, for which posterity not the only coin in which it may happen to would be much obliged to him) be useful a public man to be willing to take payment on his sole authority . . . . to enter into any de. of the public for his labour : and that power tail of." It was to enable virtue to rise triumand reputation, — though they will not, like phant out of all these trials, that the amount shillings and halfpence, go to market for but- of all this sinecure money was thus expended, ter and eggs, — yet, like Exchequer bills, and without having been received.

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